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Food Security

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 361–374 | Cite as

Food security through increasing technical efficiency and reducing postharvest losses of rice production systems in Bangladesh

  • S. Majumder
  • B. K. BalaEmail author
  • Fatimah Mohamed Arshad
  • M. A. Haque
  • M. A. Hossain
Original Paper

Abstract

Rice accounts for nearly 70 % of calories consumed in Bangladesh. Therefore, any effort to improve food security in the country must find ways to increase availability of rice. This paper investigates two of these ways: increasing technical efficiency of rice production and reducing post-harvest losses. Technical efficiency was measured from Cobb-Douglas and translog production functions for the rice production seasons Aus (spring), Aman (summer) and Boro (winter). Efficiency estimates ranged from 73 to 83 %, suggesting that the potential exists for substantial increases in rice production while continuing to use current technologies and inputs. Variables influencing technical efficiency were farm size, level of famers’ education, farmers’ experience in production, microcredit, training and extension. Post-harvest losses between farmer and retailer were estimated at 10–12 %, suggesting potentially an additional source of rice without changes in production. Reduction of postharvest losses were significantly related to the availability of extension services.

Keywords

Stochastic production frontier Translog Technical efficiency Postharvest loss Rice Food security 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial support of the FAO for this study under National Food Policy Capacity Strengthing Programme (CF-6). We also acknowledge the constructive criticisms and suggestions of the Sr. Editor and Associate Editor.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and International Society for Plant Pathology 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Majumder
    • 1
  • B. K. Bala
    • 2
    Email author
  • Fatimah Mohamed Arshad
    • 2
  • M. A. Haque
    • 3
  • M. A. Hossain
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural StatisticsBangladesh Agricultural UniversityMymensinghBangladesh
  2. 2.Institute of Agricultural and Food Policy StudiesUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Farm Power and MachineryBangladesh Agricultural UniversityMymensinghBangladesh
  4. 4.Bangladesh Agricultural Research InstituteGazipurBangladesh

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