Implementing model-based system engineering for the whole lifecycle of a spacecraft

Abstract

Design information of a spacecraft is collected over all phases in the lifecycle of a project. A lot of this information is exchanged between different engineering tasks and business processes. In some lifecycle phases, model-based system engineering (MBSE) has introduced system models and databases that help to organize such information and to keep it consistent for everyone. Nevertheless, none of the existing databases approached the whole lifecycle yet. Virtual Satellite is the MBSE database developed at DLR. It has been used for quite some time in Phase A studies and is currently extended for implementing it in the whole lifecycle of spacecraft projects. Since it is unforeseeable which future use cases such a database needs to support in all these different projects, the underlying data model has to provide tailoring and extension mechanisms to its conceptual data model (CDM). This paper explains the mechanisms as they are implemented in Virtual Satellite, which enables extending the CDM along the project without corrupting already stored information. As an upcoming major use case, Virtual Satellite will be implemented as MBSE tool in the S2TEP project. This project provides a new satellite bus for internal research and several different payload missions in the future. This paper explains how Virtual Satellite will be used to manage configuration control problems associated with such a multi-mission platform. It discusses how the S2TEP project starts using the software for collecting the first design information from concurrent engineering studies, then making use of the extension mechanisms of the CDM to introduce further information artefacts such as functional electrical architecture, thus linking more and more processes into an integrated MBSE approach.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9

References

  1. 1.

    Dannemann, F., Jetzschmann, M.: Technology-driven design of a scalable small satellite platform. In: Small Satellites, Systems and Services (4S) Symposium, Valetta, Malta (2016)

  2. 2.

    ECSS Secretariat: ECSS-M-ST-10C space project management - project planning and implementation. ESA-ESTEC Requirements and Standards Division, Noordwijk, Netherlands (2009)

  3. 3.

    NASA: Systems engineering handbook (NASA/SP-2007-6105 Rev 1). National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC/USA (2007)

  4. 4.

    Fischer, P.M., Deshmukh, M., Maiwald, V., Quantius, D., Martelo Gomez, A., Gerndt, A.: Conceptual data model - a foundation for successful concurrent engineering. In: 7th International Systems and Concurrent Engineering for Space Applications Conference (SECESA), Madrid, Spain (2016)

  5. 5.

    ESA: OCDT community portal [Online]. Available: https://ocdt.esa.int/. Accessed 20 April 2016

  6. 6.

    de Koning, H.P., Gerené, S., Ferreira, I., Pickering, A., Beyer, F., Vennekens, J.: Open concurrent design tool - ESA community open source - ready to go! 2014. [Online]. Available: http://esaconferencebureau.com/docs/default-source/14c08_docs/open-concurrent-design-tool—esa-community-open-source-ready-to-go!.pdf. Accessed 27 Jan 2017

  7. 7.

    ECSS secretariat: ECSS-E-TM-10-25A - space engineering - engineering design model data exchange (CDF). ESA-ESTEC Requirements and Standards Division, Noordwijk, Netherlands (2010)

  8. 8.

    Deshmukh, M., Wolff, R., Fischer, P.M., Flatken, M., Gerndt, A.: Interactive 3D visualization to support concurrent engineering in the early space mission design phase. In: 5th CEAS Air and Space Conference, Delft, Netherlands (2015)

  9. 9.

    Schaus, V., Tiede, M., Fischer, P.M., Lüdtke, D., Gerndt, A.: A continuous verification process in concurrent engineering. In: AIAA SPACE 2013 Conference and Exposition, San Diego, USA (2013)

  10. 10.

    ECSS Secretariat: ECSS-E-TM-10-23A - space engineering - space system data repository. ESA-ESTEC Requirements and Standards Devision, Noordwijk, Netherlands (2011)

  11. 11.

    ESA: Virtual spacecraft design 2013. Available: http://www.vsd-project.org/. Accessed 20 April 2016

  12. 12.

    ESA: EGS-CC - European ground segment common core 2013. Available: http://www.egscc.esa.int/. Accessed 24 Feb 2016

  13. 13.

    Pecchioli, M., Walsh, A., Carranza J.M., Blommestijn, R., Charmeau, M.-C., Geyer, M., Stangl, C., Parmentier, P., Eisenmann, H., Rueting, J., Athmann, P., Bothmer, W., Krakowski, I., Schmerber, P.-Y., Chatte, F., Chiroli, P., Poletti, M.: Objectives and concepts of the european ground systems common core (EGS-CC). In: Simulation and EGSE for Space Programmes, Noordiwjk, Netherlands (2012)

  14. 14.

    ECSS secretariat: ECSS-E-70-41A - space engineering - ground systems and operations - telemetry and telecommand packet utilization. ESA-ESTEC Requirements and Standards Devision, Noordwijk, Netherlands (2003)

  15. 15.

    Eisenmann, H., Cazenave, C.: Evolving classical SRDB into an engineering database. In: the 6th International Systems and Concurrent Engineering for Space Applications Conference (SECESA), Stuttgart, Germany (2014)

  16. 16.

    Eisenmann, H., Cazenave, C., Noblet, T.: RangeDB the product to meet the challenges of nowadays system database. In: Simulation and EGSE for Space Programmes (SESP), Noordwijk, Netherlands (2015)

  17. 17.

    OMG: SysML 1.2 RTF - ANNEX C.5 - quantities, units, dimensions, values (QUDV). Object Management Group OMG (2009)

  18. 18.

    Schaus, V., Fischer, P.M., Gerndt, A.: Taking advantage of the model: application of the quantity, units, dimension, and values standard in concurrent spacecraft engineering. In: Proceedings of 23nd Annual International Symposium of the International Council of Systems Engineering, Philadelphia, USA (2013)

  19. 19.

    Svensson, D., Malmqvist, J.: Strategies for product structure management in manufacturing firms. In: Proceedings of the 2000 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences, Baltimore, USA (2000)

  20. 20.

    Rey, J.: Modeling with VSEE: definition of guidelines and exploitation of the models - YGT final report, 23 8 2013. Available: http://www.vsd-project.org/download/documents/YGT%20final%20report%20Rey%20V2.pdf. Accessed 19 July 2016

  21. 21.

    Johnson, R., Woolf, B.: Type object, in Pattern languages of program design 3, pp. 47–65. Addison-Wesley Longman Publishing Co. Inc, Bosten (1997)

    Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Lyardet, F.D., The dynamic template pattern. In: The 4th Pattern Languages of Programming Conference, Monticello, Illinois, USA (1997)

  23. 23.

    OMG: XML metadata interchange (XMI) specification - version2.5.1. Object Management Group OMG (2015)

  24. 24.

    OMG: Meta object facility (MOF) core specification - version 2.5. Object Management Group OMG (2015)

  25. 25.

    Steinberg, D., Budinsky, F., Paternostro, M., Merks, E.: EMF eclipse modeling framework. Pearson Education Inc, Boston (2009)

    Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Deshmukh, M., Schaus, V., Fischer, P., Quantius, D., Maiwald, V., Gerndt, A.: Decision support tool for concurrent engineering in space mission design. In: Concurrent Engineering Approaches for Sustainable Product Development in a Multi-Disciplinary Environment: Proceedings of the 19th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering, London, Great Britain, Springer London (2013), pp. 497–508

  27. 27.

    Schaus, V., Müller, J., Fischer, P.M., Wolff, R., Gerndt, A.: Collaborative satellite configuration supporting CATIA export. In: SECESA, Lisbon, Portugal (2012)

  28. 28.

    ScopeSet - the tools experts: Mapping and importing Catia Properties. Available: http://www.vsd-project.org/download/ssdevideos/CatiaImport.swf. Accessed 06 Apr 2016

  29. 29.

    Fischer, P.M., Eisenmann, H., Fuchs, J.: Functional verification by simulation based on preliminary system design data. In: 6th International Conference on Systems and Concurrent Engineering for Space Applications (SECESA), Stuttgart, Germany (2014)

  30. 30.

    OSLC: Vision|steering committee - Open Services for Lifecycle Collaboration, 26 July 2016. Available: http://open-services.net/wiki/steering-committee/Vision/. Accessed 23 May 2017

  31. 31.

    Wiegand, J.: The case for open services. IBM, Somers (2009)

    Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Hoppe, T., Eisenmann, H.: Requirements of shared data management services facilitating a reference architecture realizing the concepts of ECSS-E-TM-10-23. In: Simulation and EGSE in European Space Programmes, Noordwijk, Netherlands (2015)

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to P. M. Fischer.

Additional information

This paper is based on a presentation at the German Aerospace Congress, September 13–15, 2016, Braunschweig, Germany.

Extension to the original DLRK conference publication: P. M. Fischer, D. Lüdtke, C. Lange, F.-C. Roshani, F. Dannemann, and A. Gerndt, “Implementing Model-Based System Engineering for the Whole Lifecycle of a Spacecraft”, in 65. Deutscher Luft- und Raumfahrtkongress (DLRK), Braunschweig, Germany, 2016.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Fischer, P.M., Lüdtke, D., Lange, C. et al. Implementing model-based system engineering for the whole lifecycle of a spacecraft. CEAS Space J 9, 351–365 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12567-017-0166-4

Download citation

Keywords

  • MBSE
  • CDM
  • System engineering
  • Spacecraft
  • Modeling
  • Concurrent engineering