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Fisheries Science

, Volume 83, Issue 3, pp 413–423 | Cite as

Estimation of heritability of vertebral number in chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta

  • Daisei Ando
  • Mizue Murooka
  • Kazutaka Shimoda
  • Hirofumi Hayano
  • Yoshitaka Sasaki
  • Yasuyuki Miyakoshi
  • Masamichi Nakajima
Original Article Biology

Abstract

Hereditary causes of variation in the vertebral number of chum salmon were analyzed to estimate heritability for populations in the Chitose and Shikiu Rivers, Hokkaido Island, northern Japan. A total of 70 families were produced by diallel cross mating and then heritability was estimated using two statistical tests: a two-way ANOVA and a parent-offspring regression. Heritability estimates ranged from 0.26 to 1.91 and showed a strong correlation between the values from the two different tests. Estimates from female components were substantially higher than those from male components, which can be attributed to the maternal effect. Heritability in the Shikiu River population was shown to be higher than that in the Chitose River population. These results indicate that the heritability of vertebral number in chum salmon is generally high, and also that vertebral number is controlled by hereditary causes.

Keywords

Maternal effect Meristic characters Local population Stock enhancement Salmon hatchery 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Chum salmon adults and fertilized eggs used in this study were generously provided by the Nihonkai Salmon Propagation Association and the Iburi District Salmon Propagation Association. Special thanks to Mr. Sakurai Yosuke in the Salmon and Freshwater Fisheries Research Institute, Hokkaido Research Organization, for help with the breeding and management of the chum salmon fry.

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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daisei Ando
    • 1
  • Mizue Murooka
    • 2
  • Kazutaka Shimoda
    • 3
  • Hirofumi Hayano
    • 4
  • Yoshitaka Sasaki
    • 2
  • Yasuyuki Miyakoshi
    • 2
  • Masamichi Nakajima
    • 5
  1. 1.Fisheries Research DepartmentHokkaido Research OrganizationHokkaidoJapan
  2. 2.Salmon and Freshwater Fisheries Research InstituteHokkaido Research OrganizationHokkaidoJapan
  3. 3.Donan Research Branch, Salmon and Freshwater Fisheries Research InstituteHokkaido Research OrganizationHokkaidoJapan
  4. 4.Doto Research Branch, Salmon and Freshwater Fisheries Research InstituteHokkaido Research OrganizationHokkaidoJapan
  5. 5.Graduate School of Agricultural ScienceTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

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