Skip to main content

Age, growth and mortality estimates for populations of red snappers Lutjanus erythropterus and L. malabaricus from northern Australia and eastern Indonesia

Abstract

Lutjanus erythropterus and L. malabaricus were examined for life-history differences among northern Australian and eastern Indonesian populations. Formation of opaque growth increments in otoliths began during April to September for northern Australian fishes and September to April for eastern Indonesian fishes. Maximum observed ages were greater than previously reported: 42 and 48 years for L. erythropterus and L. malabaricus, respectively. Eastern Indonesian red snappers grew faster than northern Australian fish. Growth was similar for northern Australian L. erythropterus populations. However, Kupang and Sape populations of L. erythropterus in eastern Indonesian showed different growth from the Arafura North population, which was similar to northern Australian fish. There were growth differences among northern Australian populations of L. malabaricus. Arafura South and Timor populations were similar, but differed from Groote and Weipa populations. There were no significant differences in growth among populations of L. malabaricus in eastern Indonesia. Total mortality estimates were similar between northern Australian and eastern Indonesian fish: 0.09 and 0.16 year−1 for L. erythropterus and 0.11 and 0.14 year−1 for L. malabaricus, respectively. Life-history characteristics of these red snappers are typical of other tropical snappers: slow-growing and long-lived with low mortality. However, population growth differences suggest that their management should be based on biological information from distinct stocks.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

References

  1. 1.

    Blaber SJM, Dichmont CM, Buckworth RC, Badrudin, Sumiono B, Nurhakim S, Iskandar B, Fegan B, Ramm DC, Salini JP (2005) Shared stocks of snappers (Lutjanidae) in Australia and Indonesia: integrating biology, population dynamics and socio-economics to examine management scenarios. Rev Fish Biol Fish 15:111–127

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Fry G, Milton DA, Van der Velde T, Stobutzki I, Andamari R, Badrudin, Sumiono B (2009) Reproductive dynamics and nursery habitat preferences of two commercially important Indo-Pacific red snappers Lutjanus erythropterus and L. malabaricus. Fish Sci 75:145–158

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Edwards RRC (1985) Growth rates of Lutjanidae (snappers) in tropical Australian waters. J Fish Biol 26:1–4

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Milton DA, Short SA, O’Neill MF, Blaber SJM (1995) Ageing of three species of tropical snapper (Lutjanidae) from the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia, using radiometry and otolith ring counts. Fish Bull 93:103–115

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Elliot NG (1996) Allozyme and mitochondrial DNA analysis of the tropical saddle-tail sea perch, Lutjanus malabaricus (Schneider), from Australian waters. Mar Fresh Res 47:869–876

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Cappo M, Eden P, Newman SJ, Robertson S (2000) A new approach to validation of periodicity and timing of opaque zone formation in the otoliths of eleven species of Lutjanus from the central Great Barrier Reef. Fish Bull 98:474–488

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Newman SJ, Cappo M, DMcB Williams (2000) Age, growth, mortality rates and corresponding yield estimates using otolith of the tropical red snappers, Lutjanus erythropterus, L. malabaricus and L. sebae, from the central Great Barrier Reef. Fish Res 48:1–14

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Newman SJ (2002) Growth rate, age determination, natural mortality and production potential of the scarlet seaperch, Lutjanus malabaricus Schneider 1801, off the Pilbara coast of north-western Australia. Fish Res 58:215–225

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Salini JP, Ovenden JR, Street R, Pendrey R, Haryanti, Ngurah (2006) Genetic population structure of red snappers (Lutjanus malabaricus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 and L. erythropterus Bloch, 1790) in central and eastern Indonesia and northern Australia. J Fish Biol 68 (Supplement B):217–234

  10. 10.

    Beamish RJ, Fournier DA (1981) A method for comparing the precision of a set of age determinations. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 38:982–983

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Kimura DK (1980) Likelihood methods for the von Bertalanffy growth curve. Fish Bull 77:765–776

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Beverton RJH, Holt SJ (1957) On the dynamics of exploited fish populations. Fish Invest Minist Agric fish Food GB Ser 2:533

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Ricker WE (1975) Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bull Fish Res Board Can 191:382

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Marriott RJ, Mapstone BD (2006) Geographic influences on and the accuracy and precision of age estimates for the red bass, Lutjanus bohar (Forsskal 1775): a large tropical reef fish. Fish Res 80:322–328

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Newman SJ, Dunk IJ (2002) Growth, age validation, mortality, and other population characteristics of the red emperor snapper, Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier, 1828), off the Kimberley coast of north-western Australia. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 55:67–80

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Longhurst AR, Pauly D (1987) Ecology of tropical oceans. Academic, London, p 407

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Morales-Nin B, Ralston S (1990) Age and growth of Lutjanus kasmira (Forskål) in Hawaiian waters. J Fish Biol 36:191–203

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Beckman DW, Wilson CA (1995) Seasonal timing of opaque zone formation in fish otoliths. In: Sector DH, Dean JM, Campana SE (eds) Recent developments in fish otolith research. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, pp 27–44

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Fowler AJ (1995) Annulus formation in otoliths of coral reef fish–a review. In: Sector DH, Dean JM, Campana SE (eds) Recent developments in fish otolith research. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, pp 45–63

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Rocha-Olivares A (1998) Age, growth mortality, and population characteristics of the Pacific red snapper, Lutjanus peru, off the southeast coast of Baja California, Mexico. Fish Bull 96:562–574

    Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Baker MS Jr, Wilson CA (2001) Use of bomb radiocarbon to validate otolith section ages of red snapper Lutjanus campechanus from the northern Gulf of Mexico. Limnol Oceanogr 46:1819–1824

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Patterson WFIII, Cowan JH Jr, Wilson CA, Shipp RL (2001) Age and growth of red snapper, Lutjanus campechanus, from an artificial reef area off Alabama in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Fish Bull 99:617–627

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Wilson CA, Nieland DL (2001) Age and growth of red snapper, Lutjanus campechanus, from the northern Gulf of Mexico off Louisiana. Fish Bull 99:653–664

    Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Fischer AJ, Baker MS Jr, Wilson CA (2004) Red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus) demographic structure in the northern Gulf of Mexico based on spatial patterns in growth rates and morphometrics. Fish Bull 102:593–603

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

We thank the eastern Indonesian fisheries staff; Mujimin, Bambang Sumiono and Noto for co-ordinating and collecting red snapper samples in eastern Indonesia. Stephanie Boubaris, Mike Elmsley, Chris Errity and Chris Tarca from the Northern Territory Department of Business, Industry and Resource Development helped collect the northern Australian samples. We are grateful to Bill Passey of FV Ocean Harvest and Clive Perry of FV Reef Venture for supplying red snapper samples from northern Australia. We also thank Steve Blaber, John Salini and two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments on the draft manuscript. This project was partly funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR FIS 97/165).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Gary C. Fry.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Fry, G.C., Milton, D.A. Age, growth and mortality estimates for populations of red snappers Lutjanus erythropterus and L. malabaricus from northern Australia and eastern Indonesia. Fish Sci 75, 1219–1229 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12562-009-0157-2

Download citation

Keywords

  • Catch-curve analysis
  • Fisheries management
  • Geographical variation
  • Life-history
  • Longevity
  • Otoliths
  • Total mortality