Ahmad, T., Anjum, S., Afzal, M. S., Raza, H., Zaidi, N. U., & Arshad, N. (2015). Molecular confirmation of enterovirus from sewage and drinking water samples from three cities, Pakistan: A potential risk factor for public health. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 46, 640–649.
Ahmad, T., Arshad, N., Adnan, F., Sadaf Zaidi, N. U., Shahid, M. T., Zahoor, U., et al. (2016). Prevalence of rotavirus, adenovirus, hepatitis A virus and enterovirus in water samples collected from different region of Peshawar, Pakistan. The Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 23, 576–580. https://doi.org/10.5604/12321966.1226849
Bartram, J., Cotruvo, J. A., Exner, M., Fricker, C., & Glasmacher, A. (2003). Heterotrophic plate counts and drinking-water safety-the significance of HPCs for water quality and human health. Geneva: WHO.
Berman, J. (2009). WHO: Waterborne disease is world’s leading killer. Washington, D.C.: Voice of America.
Bosch, A. (1998). Human enteric viruses in the water environment: A minireview. International Microbiology, 1, 191–196.
Cohen, A., & Colford, J. M. (2017). Effects of boiling drinking water on diarrhea and pathogen-specific infections in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0190
Ebrahim, Z. T. (2017). Revealed: 91% of Karachi’s water unfit to drink. Retrieved from https://www.thethirdpole.net/2017/07/28/91-of-karachis-water-unfit-to-drink/
Edberg, S. C., Allen, M. J., & Smith, D. B. (1988). National field evaluation of a defined substrate method for the simultaneous enumeration of total coliforms and Escherichia coli from drinking water: Comparison with the standard multiple tube fermentation method. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 54, 1595–1601.
Ehlers, M. M., Grabow, W. O., & Pavlov, D. N. (2005). Detection of enteroviruses in untreated and treated drinking water supplies in South Africa. Water Research, 39, 2253–2258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2005.04.014
Gilcreas, F. W. (1966). Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water. American Journal of Public Health and the Nation’s Health, 56, 387–388. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.56.3.387
Heerden, J., Ehlers, M. M., Vivier, J. C., & Grabow, W. O. (2005). Risk assessment of adenoviruses detected in treated drinking water and recreational water. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 99, 926–933. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2005.02650.x
Jiang, S. C. (2006). Human adenoviruses in water: Occurrence and health implications: A critical review. Environmental Science & Technology, 40, 7132–7140.
Katayama, H., Shimasaki, A., & Ohgaki, S. (2002). Development of a virus concentration method and its application to detection of enterovirus and norwalk virus from coastal seawater. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 68, 1033–1039.
Lee, T. C., Guo, H. R., Su, H. J., Yang, Y. C., Chang, H. L., & Chen, K. T. (2009). Diseases caused by enterovirus 71 infection. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 28, 904–910. https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0b013e3181a41d63
Luby, S. P., Agboatwalla, M., & Hoekstra, R. M. (2011). The variability of childhood diarrhea in Karachi, Pakistan, 2002–2006. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 84, 870–877. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0364
Nagamine, K., Hase, T., & Notomi, T. (2002). Accelerated reaction by loop-mediated isothermal amplification using loop primers. Molecular and Cellular Probes, 16, 223–229.
Palin, A. T. (1957). The determination of free and combined chlorine in water by the use of diethyl-p-phenylene diamine. Journal American Water Works Association, 49, 873–880.
Parashar, U. D., Gibson, C. J., Bresee, J. S., & Glass, R. I. (2006). Rotavirus and severe childhood diarrhea. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12, 304–306. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1202.050006
PEPAME. (2010). National standards for drinking water quality. Islamabad: Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency.
Rodriguez-Lazaro, D., Cook, N., Ruggeri, F. M., Sellwood, J., Nasser, A., Nascimento, M. S., et al. (2012). Virus hazards from food, water and other contaminated environments. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 36, 786–814. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00306.x
Roy, A., Keesari, T., Mohokar, H., Sinha, U. K., & Bitra, S. (2018). Assessment of groundwater quality in hard rock aquifer of central Telangana state for drinking and agriculture purposes. Applied Water Science, 8, 124. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-018-0761-3
Tsai, Y. L., Sobsey, M. D., Sangermano, L. R., & Palmer, C. J. (1993). Simple method of concentrating enteroviruses and hepatitis A virus from sewage and ocean water for rapid detection by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 59(10), 3488–3491.
UNICEF and WHO. (2017). Safely managed drinking water—thematic report on drinking water. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Vecchia, A. D., Fleck, J. D., Comerlato, J., Kluge, M., Bergamaschi, B., Da Silva, J. V., et al. (2012). First description of Adenovirus, Enterovirus, Rotavirus and Torque teno virus in water samples collected from the Arroio Diluvio, Porto Alegre, Brazil. The Brazilian Journal of Biology, 72, 323–329. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1519-69842012000200013
Walker, C. L. F., Rudan, I., Liu, L., Nair, H., Theodoratou, E., Bhutta, Z. A., et al. (2013). Global burden of childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea. Lancet, 381, 1405–1416. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60222-6
WHO. (2001). WHO world water day report. Geneva: WHO.
WHO. (2003). Total dissolved solids in drinking-water. Geneva: WHO.
WHO. (2011). Guidelines for drinking-water quality (4th ed.). Geneva: WHO.
WHO. (2017). Guidelines for drinking-water quality. Geneva: WHO.
Wolf, S., Hewitt, J., & Greening, G. E. (2010). Viral multiplex quantitative PCR assays for tracking sources of fecal contamination. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 76(5), 1388–1394.
Wyn-Jones, A. P., & Sellwood, J. (2001). Enteric viruses in the aquatic environment. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 91, 945–962.
Ye, X. Y., Ming, X., Zhang, Y. L., Xiao, W. Q., Huang, X. N., Cao, Y. G., & Gu, K. D. (2012). Real-time PCR detection of enteric viruses in source water and treated drinking water in Wuhan, China. Current Microbiology, 65, 244–253. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00284-012-0152-1