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Sentilo: Frame-Based Sentiment Analysis

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Abstract

Sentilo is an unsupervised, domain-independent system that performs sentiment analysis by hybridizing natural language processing techniques and semantic Web technologies. Given a sentence expressing an opinion, Sentilo recognizes its holder, detects the topics and subtopics that it targets, links them to relevant situations and events referred to by it and evaluates the sentiment expressed on each topic/subtopic. Sentilo relies on a novel lexical resource, which enables a proper propagation of sentiment scores from topics to subtopics, and on a formal model expressing the semantics of opinion sentences. Sentilo provides its output as a RDF graph, and whenever possible it resolves holders’ and topics’ identity on Linked Data.

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Notes

  1. EuroSentiment EU FP7 project. http://eurosentiment.eu/, 2014.

  2. F1 measures.

  3. http://wit.istc.cnr.it/stlab-tools/sentilo/.

  4. The framenet project. http://framenet.icsi.berkeley.edu, 2002.

  5. F1 measures.

  6. FRED, http://wit.istc.cnr.it/stlab-tools/fred, December 2014.

  7. Dolce Ultra Lite Ontology. http://ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl.

  8. Prefix dul: stands for http://www.ontologydesignpatterns.org/ont/dul/DUL.owl and prefix rdf: stands for http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#; prefix fred: refers to a locally defined namespace that can be customized by users.

  9. Prefix vn.data: refers to VerbNet [5].

  10. Notice that this process can be recursive, and the role of main topic/subtopic in such cases would be contextual to the current iteration.

  11. An excerpt of SentiloNet can be downloaded from http://www.stlab.istc.cnr.it/documents/sentilo/sentilonet.zip.

  12. http://wit.istc.cnr.it/stlab-tools/sentilo/service.

  13. Users can choose between the two by means of a selection box included in the graphical user interface of Sentilo prototype available at http://wit.istc.cnr.it/sentilo-release/sentilo.

  14. We also include in the table the respective sentiment scores.

  15. We omit the prefix sentilo: for the sake of readability and brevity.

  16. Apache Felix: http://felix.apache.org/.

  17. Sentilo, http://wit.istc.cnr.it/sentilo-release/sentilo.

  18. Sentilo Advanced User Interface, http://wit.istc.cnr.it/stlab-tools/sentilo/ui/sentence.html.

  19. http://www.stlab.istc.cnr.it/documents/sentilo/reviewsposneg.zip.

  20. Sentilo, http://wit.istc.cnr.it/sentilo-release/sentilo.

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Acknowledgments

The work described in this paper was performed with the support of the PRISMA (PiattafoRme cloud Interoperabili per SMArt-government) Project, funded by the MIUR (Ministero dell’Istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca).

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Correspondence to Diego Reforgiato Recupero.

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Reforgiato Recupero, D., Presutti, V., Consoli, S. et al. Sentilo: Frame-Based Sentiment Analysis. Cogn Comput 7, 211–225 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12559-014-9302-z

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