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Design and Clinical Test of a Passive Ultrasound Probe Holder Mechanism for Arterial Puncturing

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This paper proposes a new ultrasonography guided arterial puncturing and guidewire insertion mechanism. In conventional arterial puncturing, a physician holds an ultrasound probe in one hand and a needle in the other. Due to the prolong holding of ultrasound probe in hand, physicians and sonographers face musculoskeletal disorders. Also the contact force exerted by the hand of the physician is variable. The purpose of this study is to develop a passive device that will not only hold the ultrasound probe, but also performs needle and guidewire insertion with precision and accuracy. To test the effectiveness of the device, animal experimentation has been performed. This device showed 100% successful insertion rate and the operating time has been reduced from 4.5 minutes to 3.8 minutes. The proposed ultrasound probe holder exerts a stable contact force on the skin of the patient which helps to provide a stable image.

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Correspondence to Byung-Ju Yi.

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Recommended by Guest Editors Doo Yong Lee (KAIST) and Jaesoon Choi (Asan Medical Center). This work was supported by the Technology Innovation Program (or Industrial Strategic Technology Development Program-Artificial intelligence bio-robot medical convergence project) (20001257, Artificial intelligence algorithm based vascular intervention robot system for reducing radiation exposure and achieving 0.5 mm accuracy) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE, Korea), the Ministry of Health & Welfare (MOHW), Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT), Korea Evaluation Institute of Industrial Technology (KEIT), supported by the Technology Innovation Program (10052980, Development of microrobotic system for surgical treatment of chronic total occlusion) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Korea, and supported by the BK21 Plus Program funded by National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF).

Muhammad Umair Ahmad Khan received his B.Sc. and M.S. degrees from University of Engineering & Technology Lahore, Pakistan. He is currently pursuing his Ph.D. degree in Mechatronics Engineering from Hanyang University, Korea. His research interests include robot mechanics with application to surgical robotic systems, and radiation protecton.

Byung-Ju Yi received his B.S. degree from Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea, in 1984, and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees I from University of Texas at Austin (UT), I TX, USA, in 1986 and 1991, respectively, I in mechanical engineering. He served as a I Postdoctoral Fellow in the Robotics Group at UT and worked for the Department of Mechanical and Control Engineering, Korea Institute of Technology and Education, Chungnam, Korea. Since 1995, He has been a Professor at the Department of Electronic Systems Engineering, Hanyang University, Ansan, Korea. His research interests include robot mechanics with application to surgical robotic systems and ubiquitous sensor network-based robotics.

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Khan, M.U.A., Yi, BJ. Design and Clinical Test of a Passive Ultrasound Probe Holder Mechanism for Arterial Puncturing. Int. J. Control Autom. Syst. 18, 29–37 (2020).

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