Improvement of Tracking Control of a Sliding Mode Controller for Robot Manipulators by a Neural Network
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This article presents a neural network control technique to improve the tracking performance of a robot manipulator controlled by the sliding mode control method in a non-model-based framework. The sliding mode controller is a typical nonlinear controller that has been well developed in theory and used in many applications due to its simplicity and practicality. Selection of the gain of the nonlinear function plays an important role in performance as well as stability. When the sliding mode controller is used for the non model-based configuration in robot control, the nonlinear gain should be selected large enough to guarantee the stability. Since the appropriate selection of the gain value is essential and difficult in the sliding mode control framework, a neural network compensator is introduced at the trajectory level to help the fixed gain deal with the stability and performance more intelligently. Stability of the proposed control scheme is analyzed. Simulation studies of following the Cartesian trajectory for a three-link rotary robot manipulator are conducted to confirm the control improvement by the neural network.
KeywordsNeural network reference compensation technique robot manipulators sliding mode control
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