Model-free Adaptive Dynamic Programming Based Near-optimal Decentralized Tracking Control of Reconfigurable Manipulators
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In this paper, a model-free near-optimal decentralized tracking control (DTC) scheme is developed for reconfigurable manipulators via adaptive dynamic programming algorithm. The proposed controller can be divided into two parts, namely local desired controller and local tracking error controller. In order to remove the normboundedness assumption of interconnections, desired states of coupled subsystems are employed to substitute their actual states. Using the local input/output data, the unknown subsystem dynamics of reconfigurable manipulators can be identified by constructing local neural network (NN) identifiers. With the help of the identified dynamics, the local desired control can be derived directly with corresponding desired states. Then, for tracking error subsystems, the local tracking error control is investigated by the approximate improved local cost function via local critic NN and the identified input gain matrix. To overcome the overall error caused by the substitution, identification and critic NN approximation, a robust compensation is added to construct the improved local cost function that reflects the overall error, regulation and control simultaneously. Therefore, the closed-loop tracking system can be guaranteed to be asymptotically stable via Lyapunov stability theorem. Two 2-degree of freedom reconfigurable manipulators with different configurations are employed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed modelfree near-optimal DTC scheme.
KeywordsAdaptive dynamic programming decentralized tracking control model-free near-optimal neural networks reconfigurable manipulators
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