Race and Social Problems

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 340–356 | Cite as

Does a Self-Affirmation Intervention Reduce Stereotype Threat in Black and Hispanic High Schools?

  • Jenifer L. Bratter
  • Kristie J. Rowley
  • Irina Chukhray
Article

Abstract

The risk of confirming negative stereotypes about one’s social group, known as stereotype threat, depresses academic achievement among students of color and contributes to racial gaps in achievement. Some work finds that stereotype threat may be alleviated through self-affirmation exercises, translating into improved performance among students vulnerable to threat. However, this work has been conducted primarily in settings where students of color represent a relatively small segment of the student population. The current study explores whether this intervention is efficacious in schools where students of color are the majority. Through a randomized controlled trial of 886 students in three high schools (one predominantly black, one predominantly Hispanic, and one mixed race school), we administered self-affirmation exercises over the course of an academic year. We find no clear evidence that self-affirmation promoted higher standardized test scores or higher grades within the sample. The null findings highlight the complex nature of academic challenges in segregated contexts and raise important questions about the nature of stereotype thereat in such contexts. Importantly, this suggests that solely enhancing self-integrity may not be sufficient to close academic race-based gaps.

Keywords

Stereotype threat Racial/ethnic achievement gaps School context Racial composition 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jenifer L. Bratter
    • 1
  • Kristie J. Rowley
    • 2
  • Irina Chukhray
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Sociology, MS-28Rice UniversityHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyBrigham Young UniversityProvoUSA
  3. 3.Houston Education Research Consortium, Kinder Institute for Urban Research, MS-258Rice UniversityHoustonUSA

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