Race and Social Problems

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 1–4 | Cite as

Race, Education, and the Pursuit of Equality in the Twenty-First Century



  1. ACT (2014). The condition of college and career readiness 2014: National. http://www.act.org/research/policymakers/cccr14/pdf/CCCR14-NationalReadinessRpt.pdf
  2. Alexander, M. (2010). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. New York, NY: The New Press.Google Scholar
  3. Auerbach, J. A., Krimgold, B. K., & Lefkowitz, B. (2000). Improving health: It doesn’t take a revolution. Washington, DC: National Policy Association.Google Scholar
  4. Barry, E. (2011, August 31). Who says education reform is the ‘civil rights issue of our time’? http://editbarry.wordpress.com/2011/08/31/who-says-education-reform-is-the-'civil-rights-issue-of-our-time'/.
  5. Barton, P. E., & Coley, R. J. (2010). The black-white achievement gap: When progress stopped. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.Google Scholar
  6. Bell, D. (2004). Silent covenants: Brown v Board of Education and the unfulfilled hopes for racial reform. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954).Google Scholar
  8. Carnoy, M. (1994). Faded dreams: The politics and economics of race in America. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carter, P., & Welner, K. G. (2013). Closing the opportunity gap: What America must to do give every child an even chance. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Clark, W. A. V. (1998). The California cauldron. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  11. Coates, T. (2014). The case for reparations. The Atlantic. http://www.theatlantic.com/features/archive/2014/05/the-case-for-reparations/361631/.
  12. Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders (2012). CCBD’S position summary on federal policy on disproportionality in special education. http://www.indiana.edu/~equity/docs/CCBD_Policy_Disproportionality.pdf
  13. Donovan, M. S., & Cross, C. T. (Eds.). (2002). Minority students in special and gifted education. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.Google Scholar
  14. Du Bois, W. E. B. (1903). The souls of black folk. Chicago, IL: A.C. McClurg and Co.Google Scholar
  15. García, E. (2005). Teaching and learning in two languages: Bilingualism and schooling in the United States. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  16. Garland, S. (2013). Divided we fail: The story of an African American community that ended the era of school desegregation. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  17. Guryan, J. (2001) Does money matter? Regression-discontinuity estimates from education finance reform in Massachusetts. Working paper 8269. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. http://www.nber.org/papers/w8269.pdf
  18. Hacker, A. (1992). Two nations: Black and white, separate, hostile, unequal. New York, NY: Scribner.Google Scholar
  19. Jaynes, G. D., & Williams, R. M. (Eds.). (1989). A common destiny: Blacks and American society. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  20. Jones, D. (2014). Beware of education reformers who co-opt the language of the civil rights movement. emPower. http://www.empowermagazine.com/beware-education-reformers-co-opt-language-civil-rights-movement/.
  21. Kozol, J. (1991). Savage inequalities. New York, NY: Crown Publishers.Google Scholar
  22. Lee Jr., J.M., & Ransom, T. (2011). The educational experience of young men of color: A review of research, pathways and progress. The College Board: Advocacy and Policy Center. https://youngmenofcolor.collegeboard.org/sites/default/files/downloads/EEYMC-ResearchReport.pdf.
  23. Losen, D. J., & Martinez, T. E. (2013). Out of school & off track: The overuse of suspensions in American middle and high schools. The Center for Civil Rights Remedies at UCLA, Civil Rights Project/Proyecto Derechos Civiles. http://civilrightsproject.ucla.edu/resources/projects/center-for-civil-rights-remedies/school-to-prison-folder/federal-reports/out-of-school-and-off-track-the-overuse-of-suspensions-in-american-middle-and-high-schools/OutofSchool-OffTrack_UCLA_4-8.pdf.
  24. Lukas, J. A. (1986). Common ground: A turbulent decade in the lives of three American families. New York, NY: Random House.Google Scholar
  25. Massey, D. (1998). America’s apartheid and the urban underclass. In F. L. Pincus & H. J. Ehrlich (Eds.), Race and ethnic conflict: Contending views on prejudice, discrimination, and ethnoviolence. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  26. Milliken v. Bradley, 418 U.S. 717 (1974).Google Scholar
  27. Murphey, D., Guzman, L., & Torres, A. (2014). America’s Hispanic children: Gaining ground, looking forward. Publication #2014-38. Child Trends Hispanic Institute. http://www.childtrends.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/2014-38AmericaHispanicChildren.pdf.
  28. Myrdal, G. (1944). An American dilemma: The Negro problem and modern democracy. New York, NY: Harper and Brothers.Google Scholar
  29. Omi, M., & Winant, H. (1986). Racial formation in the United States. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  30. Orfield, G., & Eaton, S. E. (1996). Dismantling desegregation. New York, NY: New Press.Google Scholar
  31. Orfield, G. & Frankenberg, E, Ee, J., & Kuscera, J. (2014). Brown at 60: Great progress, a long retreat and an uncertain future. Los Angeles, CA: The Civil Rights Project/Proyecto Derechos Civiles. http://civilrightsproject.ucla.edu/research/k-12-education/integration-and-diversity/brown-at-60-great-progress-a-long-retreat-and-an-uncertain-future/Brown-at-60-051814.pdf.
  32. Orfield, G., Kucsera, J., & Siegel-Hawley, G. (2012). E Pluribus…separation: Deepening double segregation for more students. Los Angeles, CA: The Civil Rights Project/Proyecto Derechos Civiles. http://civilrightsproject.ucla.edu/research/k-12-education/integration-and-diversity/mlk-national/e-pluribus…separation-deepening-double-segregation-for-more-students/orfield_epluribus_revised_omplete_2012.pdf.
  33. Orfield, G., & Lee, C. (2006). Racial transformation and the changing nature of segregation. Cambridge, MA: The Civil Rights Project at Harvard University.Google Scholar
  34. Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1, 551 U.S. 701 (2007).Google Scholar
  35. Ravitch, D. (2012). Is education the civil rights issue of our day? http://dianeravitch.net/2012/08/30/is-education-the-civil-rights-issue-of-our-day/.
  36. Ravitch, D. (2013). Reign of error: The hoax of the privatization movement and the danger to America’s public schools. New York, NY: Knopf.Google Scholar
  37. Rogers, S. (2013). The Civil Rights movement of our time? Not yet. http://www.teachforamerica.org/blog/civil-rights-movement-our-time-not-yet.
  38. Rothstein, R. (2004). Class and schools: Using social, economic, and educational reform to close the black-white achievement gap. Washington, DC and New York, NY: Economic Policy Institute and Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  39. Rothstein, R. (2014). The making of Ferguson: Public policies at the root of its troubles. Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute.Google Scholar
  40. Titus, J. O. (2011). Brown’s battleground: Students, segregationists, and the struggle for justice in Prince Edward County, Virginia. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. United States Census Bureau (2014). Interactive report based on Current Population Survey data showing voting and registration by age, sex, race, etc. Voting Hot Report 19962012. http://thedataweb.rm.census.gov/TheDataWeb_HotReport2/voting/voting.hrml.
  42. U.S. Department of Education (2011). Baseline analyses of SIG applications and SIG-eligible and SIG-awarded schools NCEE 2011-4019. http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/pubs/20114019/pdf/20114019.pdf.
  43. U.S. Department of Education (2012). School improvement grants: Analyses of state applications and eligible and awarded schools. NCEE 2012-4060. http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/pubs/20124060/pdf/20124060.pdf.
  44. U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division and the U.S. Department of Education, & Office of Civil Rights (2014). Dear colleague letter: Nondiscriminatory administration of school discipline. http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/edu/documents/dcl.pdf.
  45. Wacquant, L. (2009). Prisons of poverty. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro A. Noguera
    • 2
  • Jill C. Pierce
    • 1
  • Roey Ahram
    • 3
  1. 1.New York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, Metropolitan Center for Research on Equity and the Transformation of SchoolsNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Metropolitan Center for Research on Equity and the Transformation of SchoolsNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations