Race and Social Problems

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 67–76 | Cite as

Neighborhood Effects on Racial–Ethnic Identity: The Undermining Role of Segregation

  • Daphna OysermanEmail author
  • Kwang-Il Yoon


African American and Latino youth experience stereotypes about their group’s academic ability but youth high in three components of racial–ethnic identity Connectedness, Awareness of Racism, and Embedded Achievement are buffered from these stereotypes and are more likely to attain good grades in school, feel efficacious, and engaged with academics. In the current study, the effect of neighborhood segregation on these components of racial–ethnic identity was examined. Segregation impairs racial–ethnic identity Connectedness, Awareness of Racism, and Embedded Achievement among African American and Latino youth. Eighth graders (n = 206 African American, n = 131 Latino) living in 100 census tracks filled out racial–ethnic identity scales. A multilevel model demonstrates that segregation is associated with lower scores on each of the components of racial–ethnic identity.


Census Tract Ethnic Identity Collective Efficacy Academic Outcome Neighborhood Diversity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We would like to thank all the students who participated in this study as well as the interviewers, Jillian Fortain who obtained the Census Track Data and Deborah Bybee who helped with preliminary analyses. Funding for data collection came from the National Institutes of Health (NIMH R01 MH58299).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Social ResearchUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Rackham Graduate SchoolUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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