Overview of the “Ionic Liquids meet Biomolecules” session at the 19th international IUPAB and 11th EBSA congress
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Room temperature ionic liquids (ILs) (Welton 1999) are a vast class of ionic systems consisting of an organic cation and either an organic or inorganic anion, whose melting temperature falls below the conventional limit of 100 °C, making these compounds liquid at or near room temperature. The thermal and chemical stability of these systems make them the basis of what is called “green chemistry” (Earle and Seddon 2000). Several biochemical studies, however, have highlighted their potential toxicity to organisms, a toxicity which, in turn, is also a measure of their affinity for bio-molecules. This property has stimulated several chemical–physical studies on the interaction between ILs and basic biological systems. In recent decades, it has been observed that selected ILs are able: (1) to kill bacteria and cancer cells while leaving eukaryotic healthy cells almost unaffected; (2) to extract, purify and even preserve DNA at ambient temperature; (3) to stabilize proteins and enzymes; (4)...
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Conflicts of interest
Antonio Benedetto and Hans-Joachim Galla declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
- Benedetto A (2017) Room-temperature ionic liquids meet bio-membranes: the state-of-the-art. Biophys Rev. doi: 10.1007/s12551-017-0279-1