The evolution of Biophysical Reviews
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The Biophysical Reviews journal was created in the Spring of 2009 as an equal partnership between the International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics (IUPAB) and the publisher, Springer (Heidelberg). It replaced Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics as the official journal of the IUPAB.
Biophysics is sometimes described as the research that biophysicists do, but, more precisely, it can be defined as the science of examining biological phenomena using the concepts and techniques of physics. In particular, the new journal covers focussed reviews on topics in medical biophysics, biosystems biophysics, cell biophysics, molecular and macromolecular (proteins, DNA-RNA) biophysics, single-molecule biophysics, nanobiophysics, bioinformatics and computational biophysics. In practice, Biophysical Reviews publishes on biomembranes (ion channels, membrane receptors, membrane transport systems, membrane lipids), molecular motors (muscle contraction, cell motility), protein/lipid/nucleic acid structure and function. The ‘A’ in IUPAB stands for “Applied”, and, so, biophysics is also concerned with the application of discoveries in biophysics to medicine and biology.
In 2012, Professor Haruki Nakamura and I trialled the first Special Issue (dos Remedios and Nakamura 2012). We explored the research opportunities offered by computational biophysics in developing economies, reasoning that the Internet is ubiquitous and that mathematics and computation is an innate human characteristic present in all cultures and societies. We assembled a group of mentors with access to the necessary computing power (Wriggers et al. 2012), and we solicited reviews covering the theory, methods (molecular dynamics, modelling) and systems of computational biophysics (Ho 2012), and showed how these could be harnessed via the Cloud.
The next year, I helped Damien Hall (Hall and dos Remedios 2013) to assemble an issue filled with tributes to Allen Minton on the event of his 70th birthday. Allen is described as the most innovative biophysicist of the last 50 years (Hall and dos Remedios 2013). The issue was the largest ever assembled in Biophysical Reviews and included 17 reviews on the theme protein–ligand Interactions. Damien, who is now an Executive Editor, is pictured on the above.
In 2014, Marcelo M. Morales (now President-Elect of IUPAB) assembled 14 contributions that paid tribute to the success of biophysics in Latin America (Morales and Alonso 2014), including a contribution from the eminent Venezuelan biophysicist, Carlo Caputo (Calderón et al. 2014). It also saluted the establishment of the Latin American Federation of Biophysical Societies (LAFeBS),
By the beginning of 2015, there were signs that Special Issues were attracting more citations than the regular reviews. This is understandable when one considers that readers who are interested in a focussed topic such as human heart failure are more likely to find, read and cite a paper from a Special Issue. The citation rates for the 2013 Special Issue described above were pleasingly high, so I decided that Special Issues should become a permanent feature of the journal. This also required also some re-organising of the old Editorial Board, the members of which were selected on the basis of their ability to assess a wide range of contributions in biophysics. It also demanded a new category of editor whose sole task was to edit one Special Issue over a two-year period. Thus, a regular feature of Biophysical Reviews from 2015 onwards will be the creation of two Special Issues each year.
Issue 2 of volume 7 was also a Special Issue, edited by Professor Gordon Roberts, who assembled reviews in The Role of Protein Dynamics in Allosteric Effects. This issue focussed on the concept that a ligand interacting with one site on a protein can change the functional properties at another site without direct spatial proximity of the two binding sites (Roberts 2015).
After that, other Special Issues are planned, one on Nanobiophysics and another on The Giant Protein Titin and its Binding Partners.
Finally, but certainly not least, in 2015, it was announced that Springer Press, the publisher of Biophysical Reviews, underwent a major change. The consortium that owns Springer Science+Business Media has acquired the majority of Macmillan Science and Education to form a powerful new entity called Springer Nature. This strategic acquisition produced a company with almost 13,000 staff publishing in over 50 countries, with a turnover of 1.5 billion Euros. Its combined expertise and enhanced scale and distribution bodes well for the continuing success of Biophysical Reviews.
Cris dos Remedios
- Morales MM, Alonso S del V (2014) Successful Katin American initiatives in biophysics. Biophys Rev 6:1–3Google Scholar