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The proboscidean fauna (Mammalia) from the middle Miocene lignites of Gračanica near Bugojno (Bosnia–Herzegovina)

Abstract

Presented here is a middle Miocene proboscidean fauna—deinotheres and gomphotheres—from lignites of the coal mine in Gračanica (Bugojno Basin) in Bosnia–Herzegovina. The material, which exclusively comprises teeth (n = 42), is described and systematically discussed. The majority of the studied fossils represent Prodeinotherium bavaricum, but gomphotheres are also a common faunal element and are identified as Gomphotherium angustidens and tentatively as cf. Gomphotherium subtapiroideum. Noteworthy is the occurrence of an amebelodontine, identified as cf. Protanancus, and represented in the present material only by a single milk tooth. Protanancus is generally known from Africa and Asia and extremely rarely documented in southeastern Europe so far. The Gračanica fauna is supposed to correlate with the Mammalian Neogene unit late MN5 or early MN6.

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Acknowledgements

Many thanks to Pascal Tassy (MHNT, Toulouse) for fruitful discussions on some of the specimens presented here. I am indebted to G. Rössner (SNSM-BSPG, Munich) for allowing me to include deinothere material from Gračanica, housed in the BSPG collection in this study. Sincere thanks to Margery Coombs (University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA) for improving the English of this article. Lilith-Valerie Svaricek (University Vienna) is thanked for some photo editing. I am also grateful to the managing editor Sinje Weber (SMF, Frankfurt) for her support and patience with this article and the entire special issue. Finally, I wish to thank the reviewers Pascal Tassy (MNHT) and Georgios Konidaris (University Tübingen) for helpful and constructive comments on this manuscript.

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Göhlich, U.B. The proboscidean fauna (Mammalia) from the middle Miocene lignites of Gračanica near Bugojno (Bosnia–Herzegovina). Palaeobio Palaeoenv 100, 413–436 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12549-020-00436-1

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Keywords

  • Deinothere
  • Prodeinotherium
  • Gomphothere
  • Protanancus
  • Gomphotherium
  • Swamp