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The Suoidea from the Middle Miocene of Gračanica (Bugojno Basin, Bosnia and Herzegovina)—evolution, taxononomy, and biostratigraphy

Abstract

The Suoidea from Gračanica in the Bugojno Basin (Bosnia and Herzegovina) are assigned to Choeromorus lemuroides (previously Taucanamo sansaniense) (Taucanaminae, Palaeochoeridae), Bunolistriodon latidens (Listriodontinae, Suidae), and Conohyus simorrensis (Tetraconodontinae, Suidae). These belong to three anagenetic lineages, known from Western Europe to Anatolia. The fossils from Gračanica and these lineages are described in detail. Biostratigraphic correlations in an area extending from Western Europe to Anatolia are proposed on the basis of these lineages. These correlations are consistent with known independent age estimates of the large mammal localities in the different areas. Because the Suoidea from Gračanica belong to groups which have suffered from recent taxonomic inflation, their systematics has been discussed for a correct classification.

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Acknowledgements

I thank U. Göhlich for inviting me to study the Suoidea from Gračanica, the following persons for discussions on themes related with this paper: M. Böhme, U. Göhlich, O. Mandic, P. Pelaez Campomanes, J. Prieto, G. Rössner, D. Vasilyan, W. Wessels, and as reviewers M. Orliac and an anonymous person. The following persons gave me access to fossils used for comparison, or helped me in any other way: J. Agustí, L. Alcalá, F. Alférez, B. Alpagut, M. Arif, B. Azanza, O. Bardot, Basu, P. Brewer, S. Calzada, E. Cioppi, A. Currant, G. Daxner Höck, F. Duranthon, T. Engel, B. Engesser, V. Fahlbusch, M. Fortelius, S. Fraile, J.L. Franzen, J. Galkin, L. Ginsburg, C. de Giuli, U. Göhlich, A. González Alonso, W. Gräf, C. Guérin, E. Güleç, O. Hampe, K. Heissig, E. Heizmann, J. Hooker, M. Hugueney, K.A. Hünermann, S.T. Hussain, K. Kowalski, Y. Laurent, H. Lutz, E. Menéndez, S. van der Mije, J. Morales, R. Niederl, R. O’Leary, S. Pavic, M. Philippe, K. Rauscher, M. Raza, L. Rook, G. Rössner, M. Rummel, G. Saraç, U. Schmid, H.K. Schmutz, P.Y. Sondaar, I. Stefanović, M. Telles Antunes, E. Ünay, L. Via, R. Ziegler.

Funding

This paper benefited from projects Synthesys GB-TAF-4119 and AT-TAF-3663 and from projects CGL2004-04169/BTE, CGL2008-03881 of the Spanish Ministry of Science, and CGL20l5 65387-C3-3-P from the Spanish Ministery of Economy and Competitiveness.

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This article is a contribution to the special issue “The drowning swamp of Gračanica (Bosnia-Herzegovina) - a diversity hotspot from the Middle Miocene in the Bugojno Basin"

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van der Made, J. The Suoidea from the Middle Miocene of Gračanica (Bugojno Basin, Bosnia and Herzegovina)—evolution, taxononomy, and biostratigraphy. Palaeobio Palaeoenv 100, 321–349 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12549-020-00420-9

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Keywords

  • Suidae
  • Palaeochoeridae
  • Old World peccaries
  • Phylogeny
  • Biochronology