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Anchitheriinae (Perissodactyla, Equidae) from the early middle Miocene locality Gračanica (Bugojno Basin, Bosnia-Herzegovina)

Abstract

The early middle Miocene (European Land Mammal Zone MN5-earliest MN6) locality Gračanica (Bugojno Basin, Bosnia-Herzegovina) has yielded numerous well-preserved dental remains of two Anchitheriinae species: Anchitherium hippoides and Anchitherium ezquerrae. This anchithere assemblage is typical of the Orleanian European Land Mammal Age and is recorded for the first time in Southeastern Europe.

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Abbreviations

I/i:

Upper/lower incisor

M/m:

Upper/lower molar

P/p:

Upper/lower premolar

APD:

Antero-posterior diameter

art:

Articular

dist:

Distal

H:

Height

L:

Length

max:

Maximum

min:

Minimum

prox:

Proximal

TD:

Transverse diameter

W:

Width

MCZ:

Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, USA

MNHN:

Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, France

MJSN:

JURASSICA Museum (formerly Musée jurassien des sciences naturelles), Switzerland

NHMW:

Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Austria

NMB:

Naturhistorisches Museum Basel, Switzerland

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Acknowledgements

This article is included in a special issue dedicated to the early middle Miocene locality Gračanica (Bugojno Basin, Bosnia-Herzegovina). We kindly acknowledge the guest editor, Oleg Mandic, for his invitation to contribute to this special issue as well as fruitful discussions on the stratigraphy of the section. We are grateful to Loïc Costeur (Naturhistorisches Museum Basel, Switzerland) for the access to the anchithere collection under his responsibility. Special thanks go to Patrick Röschli for his support in the preparation of figures. We thank the reviewers R.L. Bernor (Washington DC) and M. Fortelius (Helsinki) for helpful suggestions.

Funding

This project was financially supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (project SNF 200021_162359).

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Becker, D., Tissier, J., Vasilyan, D. et al. Anchitheriinae (Perissodactyla, Equidae) from the early middle Miocene locality Gračanica (Bugojno Basin, Bosnia-Herzegovina). Palaeobio Palaeoenv 100, 373–393 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12549-020-00419-2

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Keywords

  • Anchitherium
  • Middle Miocene
  • Southeastern Europe
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina