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Anisodon (Perissodactyla, Chalicotheriinae) from the middle Miocene locality Gračanica (Bugojno Basin, Gornji Vakuf, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Abstract

The fossil mammal fauna of the Gračanica coal mine in central Bosnia and Herzegovina includes dental remains of Anisodon (Perissodactyla, Chalicotheriidae, Chalicotheriinae). These teeth most closely resemble those of Anisodon grande from Sansan (France, MN6) and Neudorf an der March (Slovakia, MN6), and are tentatively referred to that species. Anisodon is first known in Europe from the Loire Basin (France), which has been dated as MN5. Given that the Gračanica fauna is considered to be MN5 or earliest MN6 (Langhian), the Gračanica chalicothere represents one of the earlier known finds of both the Chalicotheriinae and Anisodon in Europe. The first known members of the Chalicotheriinae are from the earliest Miocene of Asia. By the middle Miocene, Anisodon had appeared and is known from Asia and Europe, to which it had recently immigrated.

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Acknowledgements

Lilith-Valerie Svaricek (University Vienna) assisted in picture editing. We are grateful for helpful review comments by Denis Geraads (Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris) and Kurt Heissig (Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, Munich).

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This article is a contribution to the special issue "The drowning swamp of Gračanica (Bosnia-Herzegovina) - a diversity hotspot from the middle Miocene in the Bugojno Basin"

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Coombs, M.C., Göhlich, U.B. Anisodon (Perissodactyla, Chalicotheriinae) from the middle Miocene locality Gračanica (Bugojno Basin, Gornji Vakuf, Bosnia and Herzegovina). Palaeobio Palaeoenv 100, 363–372 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12549-018-0357-9

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Keywords

  • Anisodon grande
  • Chalicotheriinae
  • Gračanica
  • Miocene
  • Early Langhian