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First record of March flies (Insecta: Diptera: Bibionidae) from the Miocene Gračanica mine (Bugojno, Bosnia-Herzegovina)


Two fossil March flies (Insecta, Diptera, Bibionidae) are recorded from open lake deposits of the middle Miocene Gračanica mine near Bugojno in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These two fossils represent the first insects found in this outcrop. One specimen is described as Plecia sp. indet, the other as Bibio sp. indet. The incomplete preservation does not allow for species descriptions, but the specimens seem not to be conspecific with any known fossil bibionids. The habitus and colouration of the Bibio specimen is very similar to the recent species Bibio hortulanus (Linnaeus). The presence of the genus Plecia is considered to indicate warm climate, while Bibio points more to a temperate climate. But for reliable conclusions on the climate, much more records of bibionid fossils would be needed.

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For her help and coordination, we thank Priv.-Doz. Dr. Ursula Göhlich, Natural History Museum Vienna, Austria. For the loan of the fossils and for various information, we thank Dr. Davit Vasilyan, Porrentruy, Switzerland. We sincerely thank Dr. Scott Fitzgerald and Dr. Andre Nel for reviewing the manuscript and Dr. Oleg Mandic for further comments.

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Correspondence to Sonja Wedmann.

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This article is a contribution to the special issue “The drowning swamp of Gračanica (Bosnia-Herzegovina)—a diversity hotspot from the middle Miocene in the Bugojno Basin”

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Wedmann, S., Skartveit, J. First record of March flies (Insecta: Diptera: Bibionidae) from the Miocene Gračanica mine (Bugojno, Bosnia-Herzegovina). Palaeobio Palaeoenv 100, 585–591 (2020).

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  • Insecta
  • Diptera
  • Bibionidae
  • Miocene
  • Gračanica