Ostracods and rock facies across the Emsian/Eifelian boundary at Couvin (Dinant Synclinorium, Belgium)

  • Jean-Georges Casier
  • Sébastien Maillet
  • Alain Préat
Original Paper
  • 43 Downloads

Abstract

A moderately rich ostracod fauna is reported from the upper part of the St. Joseph Formation (Fm), the Eau Noire Fm and the lower part of the Couvin Fm in the Eau Noire section located nearby Couvin. The section that crosses the Emsian/Eifelian boundary belongs entirely to the Couvinian historical stage. The ostracod fauna observed appertains to the Eifelian Mega-Assemblage and is indicative, in the Eau Noire Fm and in the Couvin Fm, of continuous shallow open-marine environments close to the fair-weather wave-base. The sampling and the number of ostracods extracted from the St. Joseph Fm are not sufficient to make environmental inferences and the study does not demonstrate an abnormal change in the ostracod fauna neither in relation with the Eau Noire Fm/Couvin Fm boundary, nor in relation with the Emsian/Eifelian boundary. The ostracods present near the Emsian/Eifelian boundary are mentioned for the first time in the southern border of the Dinant Synclinorium and they display close relations with the Eifel Mountains (Germany) and the Holy Cross Mountains (Poland).

Keywords

Ostracods Emsian Eifelian Sedimentology Palaeoecology Palaeoclimatology Ardenne 

References

  1. Adamczak, F. (1968). Palaeocopa and Platycopa (Ostracoda) from Middle Devonian rocks in the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Stockholm contributions in geology, 17, 109 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Adamczak, F. (1976). Middle Devonian Podocopida (ostracoda) from Poland; their morphology, systematics and occurrence. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 57(4–6), 265–467.Google Scholar
  3. Bandel, K., & Becker, G. (1975). Ostracoden aus paläozoischen pelagischen Kalken der Karnischen Alpen (Silurium bis Unterkarbon). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 56(1), 1–83.Google Scholar
  4. Becker, G. (1964). Palaeocopida (Ostracoda) aus dem Mitteldevon der Sötenicher Mulde (N-Eifel). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 45(1–4), 43–113.Google Scholar
  5. Becker, G. (1965). Podocopida (Ostracoda) aus dem Mitteldevon der Sötenicher Mulde (N-Eifel). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 46(4–6), 367–441.Google Scholar
  6. Becker, G. (1988). Neritische Ostracoden aus der Huergas Formation des Kantabrischen Gebirges (Devon, N-Spanien). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 68(5–6), 393–431.Google Scholar
  7. Becker, G. & Bless, M. (1974). Ostracode stratigraphy of the Ardenno-Rhenish Devonian and Dinantian. Publication International Symposium on Belgian Micropaleontological Limits, Namur, 1, 52 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Becker, G., & Groos-Uffenorde, H. (1982). Upper Emsian and lower Eifelian Ostracodes of the Eifel Hills. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 55, 297–324.Google Scholar
  9. Bultynck, P. (1970). Révision stratigraphique et paléontologique de la coupe du Couvinien. Mémoire de l’Institut géologique de l’Université de Louvain, 26, 152 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Bultynck, P., & Dejonghe, L. (2001). Devonian lithostratigraphic units (Belgium). Geologica Belgica, 4(1–2), 39–69.Google Scholar
  11. Bultynck, P. & Godefroid, J. (1974). Excursion G. In J. Bouckaert & M. Streel (Eds). Guidebook of the International Symposium on Belgian Micropaleontological limits from Emsian to Visean. Septembre 1 to 10, Namur 1974. Belgian Geological Survey, Brussels, 44 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Bultynck, P., Coen-Aubert, M., Dejonghe, L., Godefroid, J., Hance, L., Lacroix, D., Préat, A., Stainier, P., Steemans, P., Streel M. & Tourneur, F. (1991). Les formations du Dévonien Moyen de la Belgique. Mémoires pour servir à l’explication des cartes géologiques et minières de la Belgique, 30, 105 pp.Google Scholar
  13. Casier, J.-G. (1987). Etude biostratigraphique et paléoécologique des ostracodes du récif de marbre rouge du Hautmont, à Vodelée (partie supérieure du Frasnien, Bassin de Dinant, Belgique). Revue de Micropaléontologie, 6(2), 193–204.Google Scholar
  14. Casier, J.-G. (2004). The mode of life of Devonian entomozoacean ostracods and the Myodocopid Mega-Assemblage proxy for hypoxic events. Bulletin de l’Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 74-suppl., 73–80.Google Scholar
  15. Casier, J.-G. (2008). Guide de l’excursion: Les ostracodes du Dévonien Moyen et Supérieur du Synclinorium de Dinant. In J.-G. Casier (Ed.), Résumé des communications et guide de l’excursion 22ème Réunion des Ostracodologistes de langue française, Bruxelles 2–4 juin (pp. 25–79). Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, 25–79.Google Scholar
  16. Casier, J.-G., & Préat, A. (1990). Sédimentologie et Ostracodes de la limite Eifelien-Givétien à Resteigne (bord sud du Bassin de Dinant, Belgique). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique: Sciences de la Terre, 60, 75–105.Google Scholar
  17. Casier, J.-G., & Préat, A. (2003). Ostracods and lithofacies of the Devonian-Carboniferous boundary beds in the Avesnois, north of France. Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique: Sciences de la Terre, 73, 83–107.Google Scholar
  18. Casier, J.-G., Préat, A., & Kasimi, R. (1992). Ostracodes et sédimentologie du sommet de l’Eifelien et de la Base du Givétien, à Couvin (bord sud du Bassin de Dinant). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique: Sciences de la Terre, 62, 75–108.Google Scholar
  19. Casier, J.-G., Kasimi, R., & Préat, A. (1995). Les Ostracodes au passage Eifelien/Givétien à Glageon (Avesnois, France). Geobios, 28(4), 487–499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Casier, J.-G., Devleeschouwer, X., Maillet, S., Petitclerc, E., & Préat, A. (2013). Ostracods and rock facies across the Givetian/Frasnian boundary interval in the Sourd d’Ave section at Ave–et–Auffe (Dinant Synclinorium, Ardenne, Belgium). Bulletin of Geosciences, 88(2), 241–264.Google Scholar
  21. Casier, J.-G., Maillet, S., Kasimi, R., & Préat, A. (2015). Late Eifelian and early Givetian ostracod assemblages from Wellin, Hotton and On-Jemelle (Ardenne, Dinant Synclinorium, Belgium). Paleoenvironmental implications. Revue de Micropaléontologie. doi:10.1016/j.revmic. Accessed 2 April 2015.
  22. Crasquin-Soleau, S., Vaslet, D., & Le Nindre, Y. (2005). Ostracodes as markers of the Permian/Triassic boundary in the Khuff Formation of Saudi Arabia. Palaeontology, 48(4), 853–868.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Groos, H. (1969). Mitteldevonische Ostracoden zwischen Ruhr und Sieg (Rechtsrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Göttinger Arbeiten zur Geologie und Paläontologie, 1, 110 pp.Google Scholar
  24. Gürich, G. (1896). Das Palaeozoicum im Polnischen Mittelgebirge. Zapiski Imperatorskago Sankt-Petersburgskago Mineralogicheskago Obshchestva, serya 2, 32, 539 pp.Google Scholar
  25. Krömmelbein, K. (1950). Ostrakoden-Studien im Devon der Eifel – 1: Arten der Gattung Bairdia McCoy im Mittel-Devon. Senckenbergiana, 31(5–6), 331–338.Google Scholar
  26. Lethiers, F., & Crasquin-Soleau, S. (1988). Comment extraire les microfossiles à tests calcitiques des roches calcaires dures. Revue de Micropaléontologie, 31(1), 56–61.Google Scholar
  27. Lethiers, F., Racheboeuf, P., Baudin, F., & Vaccari, E. (2001). A typical Malvinokaffric Givetian ostracod fauna from Bolivia. Revue de Micropaléontologie, 44(4), 301–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mamet, B., & Préat, A. (1994). Algues calcaires de l’Eifélien Inférieur (Calcaire de Couvin, Synclinorium de Dinant). Revue de Micropaléontologie, 37(2), 135–159.Google Scholar
  29. Maillet, S., Milhau, B., & Dojen, C. (2013a). Stratigraphical distribution of Givetian ostracods in the type-area of the Fromelennes Formation (Fromelennes, Ardennes, France) and their relationship to global events. Bulletin of Geosciences, 88(4), 865–892.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Maillet, S., Milhau, B., Vreulx, M., Danelian, T., Monnet, C., & Nicollin, J.-P. (2013b). Ecophenotypic variation of the Devonian benthic ostracod species Cavellina rhenana Krömmelbein, 1954: a paleoenvironmental proxy for the Ardenne (France–Belgium) and Rheno–Hercynian realm. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 392, 324–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Maillet, S., Milhau, B., Vreulx, M. & Sánchez de Posada, L.-C. (2016). Givetian ostracods of the Candás Formation (Asturias, North-western Spain): taxonomy, stratigraphy, palaeoecology, relationship to global events and palaeogeographical implications. Zootaxa, 4068, 78 pp. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4068.1.1.
  32. Milhau, B. (1988). Ostracodes du Givétien de Ferques (Dévonien Moyen, Boulonnais – France). In D. Brice (Ed.), Le Dévonien de Ferques, Bas Boulonnais (N. France). Biostratigraphie du Paléozoïque, 7, 479–491.Google Scholar
  33. Polenova, E. (1955). Devonian ostracoda of the Volga Ural area. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Neftyanogo Nauchno-issledovatelskogo Geologo-razvedochnogo Instituta (VNIGRI), N. S., 87, 191–287 (in Russian).Google Scholar
  34. Přibyl, A. (1953). The ostracodes of the Middle Devonian (Givetian) of Poland in the profile Grzegorzewice-Skaly in the Gory Swietokrzyskie (St. Croix Mountains). Sbornik Ustredniho Ustavu Geologickeho, Oddil Paleontologicky, 20, 233–244.Google Scholar
  35. Racheboeuf, P., Casier, J.-G., Plusquellec, Y., Toro, M., Mendosa, D., Da Gloria Pires de Carvalho, Le Herissé, A., Paris, F., Fernadez-Martinez, E., Tourneur, F., Broutin, J., Crasquin, S., & Janvier, P. (2012). New data on the Silurian-Devonian palaeontology and biostratigraphy of Bolivia. Bulletin of Geosciences, 87(21992), 269–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Stover, L. (1956). Ostracoda from the Windom Shale (Hamilton) of Western New-York. Journal of Paleontology, 30(5), 1092–1142.Google Scholar
  37. Van Pelt, H. (1933). Some ostracodes from the Bell Shales, Middle Devonian, of Michigan. Journal of Paleontology, 7(3), 325–342.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Georges Casier
    • 1
  • Sébastien Maillet
    • 2
  • Alain Préat
    • 3
  1. 1.D.O. Terre et Histoire de la VieInstitut royal des Sciences naturelles de BelgiqueBruxellesBelgium
  2. 2.Université de Lille 1 (Sciences et Technologies), UMR CNRS 8198 EvoEcoPaléoVilleneuve-d’AscqFrance
  3. 3.Département des Sciences de la Terre et de l’EnvironnementBruxellesBelgium

Personalised recommendations