Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments

, Volume 94, Issue 1, pp 83–123

Dorcatherium naui and pecoran ruminants from the late Middle Miocene Gratkorn locality (Austria)

  • Manuela Aiglstorfer
  • Gertrud E. Rössner
  • Madelaine Böhme
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s12549-013-0141-9

Cite this article as:
Aiglstorfer, M., Rössner, G.E. & Böhme, M. Palaeobio Palaeoenv (2014) 94: 83. doi:10.1007/s12549-013-0141-9


One of the rare records of a rich ruminant fauna of late Middle Miocene age (Sarmatian sensu stricto; 12.2–12.0 Ma) was discovered at the Gratkorn locality (Styria, Austria). It comprises, besides Micromeryx flourensianus, ?Hispanomeryx sp., Euprox furcatus, Palaeomerycidae gen. et sp. indet., and Tethytragus sp., one of the oldest records of Dorcatherium naui. Gratkorn specimens of the latter species are in metric and morphologic accordance (e.g. selenodont teeth, bicuspid p2, non-fusion of malleolus lateralis and tibia) with type material from Eppelsheim (Germany) and conspecific material from Atzelsdorf (Austria), and do not show an intermediate morphology between Late Miocene Dorcatherium naui and Middle Miocene Dorcatherium crassum, thus enforcing the clear separation of the two species. It furthermore confirms the assignation of Dorcatherium naui to a selenodont lineage (together with Dorcatherium guntianum) distinct from a bunoselenodont lineage (including Dorcatherium crassum). The record of ?Hispanomeryx sp. is the first of this genus in Central Europe. While Tethytragus sp. could also be a new bovid representative for the Sarmatian of Central Europe, Micromeryx flourensianus and Euprox furcatus are well-known taxa in the Middle Miocene of Central Europe, but comprise their first records from Styria. Morphological data from this work in combination with isotopic measurements (δ18OCO3, δ13C; Aiglstorfer et al. 2014a, this issue) indicate a niche partitioning for the ruminants from Gratkorn with subcanopy browsing (Euprox furcatus), top canopy browsing (Tethytragus sp.) and even a certain amount of frugivory (Dorcatherium naui and Micromeryx flourensianus).


Euprox furcatus Micromeryx flourensianus Tethytragus Hispanomeryx Palaeomerycidae Sarmatian Central Europe Styrian Basin Paratethys 

Supplementary material

12549_2013_141_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (62 kb)
Online Resource 1References for stratigraphic range of Dorcatherium species in Central Europe and reference localities (PDF 61.8 kb)
12549_2013_141_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (44 kb)
Online Resource 2Dental and postcranial measurements for Dorcatherium naui from Gratkorn. (PDF 44.4 kb)
12549_2013_141_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (64 kb)
Online Resource 3Dental measurements for Moschidae from Gratkorn, in comparison to literature data. (PDF 64 kb)
12549_2013_141_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (67 kb)
Online Resource 4Dental, postcranial and antler measurements for Euprox furcatus from Gratkorn. (PDF 67.3 kb)
12549_2013_141_MOESM5_ESM.pdf (33 kb)
Online Resource 5Dental and postcranial measurements for Tethytragus sp. from Gratkorn. (PDF 32.9 kb)

Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manuela Aiglstorfer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gertrud E. Rössner
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Madelaine Böhme
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Fachbereich GeowissenschaftenEberhard Karls Universität TübingenTübingenGermany
  2. 2.Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment (HEP)TübingenGermany
  3. 3.SNSB—Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und GeologieMünchenGermany
  4. 4.Department für Geo-und Umweltwissenschaften, Paläontologie & GeobiologieLudwig-Maximilians-Universität MünchenMünchenGermany
  5. 5.GeoBio-Center LMUMünchenGermany

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