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Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments

, Volume 94, Issue 1, pp 41–48 | Cite as

The Sarmatian (late Middle Miocene) avian fauna from Gratkorn, Austria

  • Ursula B. Göhlich
  • Martin Gross
Original Paper

Abstract

Among the rich late Middle Miocene vertebrate fauna from Gratkorn [MN(7+)8] in Styria, Austria, birds are among the rarest of vertebrate fossils. Only isolated elements—13 bones and two claws—have been recorded, most of which are fragmentary, thereby hampering systematic determinations. However, four different taxa have been identified as representing at least three different species of galliforms (Miogallus altus, cf. Palaeocryptonyx edwardsi, cf. Palaeocryptonyx sp.) and the mousebird Necrornis cf. palustris. All of these taxa have been known to be present before from Middle Miocene deposits in Europe, but there existence has been proven for the first time in Austria.

Keywords

Miogallus Palaeocryptonyx Phasianidae Necrornis Coliidae Aves Middle Miocene 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank A. Schumacher and T. Neubauer (both NHMW) for photos of specimens, H.-M. Berg and A. Gamauf (both NHMW) for access to the ornithological collection, C. Mourer-Chauviré (Université Claude Bernard Lyon) for fruitful discussions on some specimens, M. Harzhauser (NHMW) for providing the digital original file of Fig. 1 and the reviewers M. Pavia (Museo di Geologia e Paleontologia, Torino) and G. Mayr (Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, Frankfurt) for constructive comments.

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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geologisch-paläontologische AbteilungNaturhistorisches Museum WienViennaAustria
  2. 2.Geologie und Paläontologie, Studienzentrum NaturkundeUniversalmuseum JoanneumGrazAustria

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