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Contribution of August Heinrich Ernst Beyrich to the knowledge of Ordovician trilobites in the Czech Republic

Abstract

The Barrandian area of the Teplá-Barrandian Unit is one of the richest trilobite-yielding areas in the world. In the middle of the nineteenth century, four main workers studied trilobites in this region, Joachim Barrande, Heinrich Ernst Beyrich, Ignatz Hawle, and August Carl Joseph Corda. Heinrich Ernst Beyrich, an excellent German palaeontologist studied and figured five species of Ordovician trilobites from the Barrandian area in two important contributions. One trilobite species, Cheirurus claviger (= Eccoptochile clavigera) was described in the year 1845; the other four trilobites, Odontopleura inermis (= Selenopeltis inermis), Calymene parvula (= Calymenella parvula), Calymene pulchra (= Prionocheilus mendax), and Trinucleus ornatus (= Deanaspis goldfussii goldfussii) were described in the year 1846. Well-preserved materials used in both Beyrich’s contributions were collected from Sandbian quartzose sandstone of the Letná Formation and from Sandbian to Katian greywacke of the Zahořany Formation. Original specimens of these Late Ordovician taxa are newly revised and actual systematic position of all species is discussed in detail. The history of Beyrich’s original specimens in the twentieth century is briefly summarized.

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Acknowledgements

We thank Isabel Rábano (Museo Geominero, Madrid, Spain) and Matthias Svojtka (Biology and Botany Library, University of Vienna, Austria) for their helpful review and the linguistic improvements that were made on our text. The handling editor Mike Reich (Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Palaeontology and Geobiology, LMU, Germany) is acknowledged for constructive comments on an earlier version of this contribution. We thank Andreas Abele and Heike Straebelow at the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, Germany, for facilitating access to the specimens. Martina Aubrechtová (Charles University Prague), Martina Nohejlová (Czech Geological Survey Prague), Štěpán Rak (Museum Beroun) and Ondřej Zicha (BioLib Prague) are acknowledged for help during our study in the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, Germany. This research was supported by the Czech Science Foundation (GACR) Project No. 18-14575S, by COOPERATIO (OF). This is a contribution to IGCP 668 “Equatorial Gondwanan History and Early Palaeozoic Evolutionary Dynamics”.

Funding

The funding has been received from Grantová Agentura České Republiky with Grant no. 18-14575S; by COOPERATIO (OF).

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Correspondence to Oldřich Fatka.

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Communicated by Handling Editor: Mike Reich.

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Fatka, O., Budil, P. Contribution of August Heinrich Ernst Beyrich to the knowledge of Ordovician trilobites in the Czech Republic. PalZ (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12542-021-00595-2

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Keywords

  • Ordovician
  • Trilobites
  • Beyrich
  • Barrandian area
  • Prague Basin
  • Czech Republic