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Leaf-mimicking katydids from the Middle Miocene of Yunnan, southwestern China (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae)

Abstract

The first fossil leaf-mimicking katydids from the eastern Palaearctic are described and attributed to the genus Archepseudophylla under the names Archepseudophylla nanzhaoica sp. nov. and Archepseudophylla wenshanensis sp. nov., both from the Early to Middle Miocene strata in Wenshan, Yunnan, southwestern China, which is the core of the southwestern China karst region. This pseudophylline genus was previously known only from the Eocene–Oligocene of Europe, and is indicative of warm temperate to subtropical paleoclimatic conditions within the Yunnan region during this stage of the Miocene.

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Acknowledgements

We thank members of the Palaeoecology Research Group in Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, the Chinese Academy of Sciences for the collection of fossil material. We acknowledge Eberhard "Dino" Frey and Sarah Stinnesbeck, both of Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Karlsruhe (SMNK), for photographs of the material of A. fossilis from their collection. Special thanks also to Olivier Béthoux, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, and Daniela Matenaar, Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt, for discussion on tettigonid wing venation. We are also indebted to Dany Azar, Mike Reich, and an anonymous reviewer for their helpful comments. This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. U1502231 to ZKZ, no. 4161101253 and no. 31470325 to TS), the grant for excellent young scientists in CAS (no. QYZDB-SSW-SMC016 to TS), Youth Innovation Promotion Association, CAS (no. 2017439 to TS), as well as a grant from the Southeast Asia Biodiversity Research Institute, CAS (no. Y4ZK111B01 to TS).

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Correspondence to André Nel or Torsten Wappler.

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Handling editor: Mike Reich.

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Nel, A., Wang, B., Engel, M.S. et al. Leaf-mimicking katydids from the Middle Miocene of Yunnan, southwestern China (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae). PalZ (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12542-019-00488-5

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Keywords

  • Archepseudophylla
  • Biodiversity
  • Evolution
  • Paleoclimate
  • Fossil
  • Insect
  • Mimic
  • Miocene
  • Yunnan