Advertisement

PalZ

, Volume 92, Issue 3, pp 411–424 | Cite as

Pleistocene mollusc assemblage in the slightly raised atoll lagoon of Niau (Tuamotu, French Polynesia)

  • Bernard Salvat
  • Jean Tröndlé
  • Jean Letourneux
Research Paper
  • 63 Downloads

Abstract

Surveys conducted at Niau, a slightly raised atoll in the Tuamotu Archipelago, revealed a brackish community with only a few extant species of fishes, crustaceans and molluscs in the residual semi-enclosed lagoon. Dredging of superficial sediments near the Niau lagoon resulted in a rich shell mollusc assemblage with 120 species, dating from the Pleistocene Last Interglacial Maximum (120,000 years BP). The assemblage contains 3 previously described new species, collected nowhere else since, and 12 species locally extinct but extant in the Indo-Pacific. Results are compared with previous studies on Pleistocene reefs of the Indo-Pacific.

Keywords

Marine molluscs Pleistocene Biogeography Atoll Lagoon 

Kurzfassung

Studien die auf Niau – einem leicht gehobenem Atoll innerhalb des Tuamotu-Archipels – durchgeführt wurden, zeigten eine Brackwasser-Gemeinschaft mit nur wenigen heute noch lebenden Arten von Fischen, Crustaceen und Mollusken in der restlichen halbgeschlossenen Lagune an. Baggergut der Oberflächen-Sedimente nahe der Niau-Lagune erbrachte eine reichhaltige Molluskengemeinschaft mit 120 Arten aus dem letzten Interglazial-Maximum (Pleistozän; 120.000 Jahre vor heute). Darunter drei vorläufig beschriebene neue Arten, die nirgendwoanders bekannt sind, sowie 12 Arten die zwar aus dem Indo-Pazifik nachgewiesen, lokal jedoch ausgestorben sind. Unsere Ergebnisse wurden mit vorangegangenen Untersuchungen an Pleistozän-Riffen des Indo-Pazifiks verglichen.

Schlüsselwörter

Marine Mollusken Pleistozän Biogeographie Atoll Lagune 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the local authorities and inhabitants of Niau atoll for allowing sample collection under the coordination of one of the authors (JL). We also thank the following for their support: Norbert Frank (Laboratory of Climate Sciences and the Environment, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Paris Orsay) for 14C dating, and Anton Eisenhauer (Laboratory GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany) for U/Th dating of shells. We extend thanks to Lucien Montaggioni and Gilbert Camoin (Aix-Marseille University) for their advice, and Jeffrey T. Williams (Museum Support Center, Suitland, MD, USA) for identification of Bathygobius. This work was made possible thanks to the 2014 contribution by the Department of the Environment, French Polynesia; for this Miri Tatarata is gratefully acknowledged. We are also very grateful to Clive Wilkinson and Jeanine Almany for help editing our text in English. We thank two reviewers, Alan J. Kohn (Department of Biology, University of Washington, WA, USA) and Gustav Paulay (Florida Museum of Natural History, Dickinson, FL, USA) for comments and recommendations, as well as Martin Zuschin (Associate Editor) and Mike Reich (Editor-in-Chief); their comments have been appreciated and have greatly improved the manuscript.

References

  1. Adjeroud, M., C. Carden, C.C. Wallace, P. Bosserelle, C. Payri, J.L. Menou, and M. Pichon. 2016. Reefs at the edge: coral community structure around Rapa, southernmost French Polynesia. Marine Ecology 37 (3): 565–575.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adjeroud, M., M. Pichon, and C.C. Wallace. 2009. High latitude, high coral diversity at Rapa, in southernmost French Polynesia. Coral Reefs 28: 459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Andrefouet, S., S.V. Bothorel, M. Guezennec, H. Rougeaux, J. Guezennec, and J. Trichet. 2001. Physical, chemical and microbiological characteristics of microbial mats (kopara) in the South Pacific atolls of French Polynesia. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 47: 994–1012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Andrefouet, S., A. Gilbert, L. Yan, G. Remoissenet, C. Payri, and Y. Chancerelle. 2005. The remarkable population size of the endangered clam Tridacna maxima assessed in Fangatau Atoll (Eastern Tuamotu, French Polynesia) using in situ and remote sensing data. Journal of Marine Science 62: 1037–1048.Google Scholar
  5. Arua, I., and M. Hoque. 1989. Study of the shape of Naticid and Muricid boring in plan view in Eocene prey from Southeastern Nigeria. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 72: 357–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Augustin, D., R. Galzin, P. Legendre, and B. Salvat. 1997. Variation interannuelle des peuplements récifaux du récif–barrière de Tiahura (île de Moorea, Polynésie française). Oceanologica Acta 20 (5): 743–756.Google Scholar
  7. Beck, J.W., L.R. Edwards, E. Ito, F.W. Taylor, J. Récy, F. Rougerie, P. Joannot, and C. Hénin. 1992. Sea–surface temperature from skeletal strontium/calcium ratios. Science 257: 644–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Beu, A.G. 2005. Neogene fossil tonnoidean gastropods of Indonesia. Scripta Geologica 130: 1–186.Google Scholar
  9. Bouchet, P., H. Le Guyader, and O. Pascal (eds.). 2011. The natural history of Santo, 70th ed, 1–572. Paris: Publications Scientifiques du Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Patrimoines Naturels.Google Scholar
  10. Butaud, J.F. 2007. Etude de la flore vasculaire de l’atoll soulevé de Niau, cartographie de sa végétation, caractérisation de l’habitat du Martin-Chasseur de Niau et priorités de conservation, 1–38. Papeete: Société Ornithologique de Polynésie.Google Scholar
  11. Cabioch, G., L. Montaggioni, N. Frank, C. Seard, E. Salle, C. Payri, B. Pelletier, and M. Paterne. 2008. Successive reef depositional events along the Marquesas foreslopes (French Polynesia) since 26 ky. Marine Geology 254: 18–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Camoin, G., P. Ebran, A. Eisenhauer, E. Bard, and G. Faure. 2001. A 300.000–year coral reef record of sea level changes, Mururoa atoll (Tuamotu archipelago, French Polynesia). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatololgy, Palaeoecology 175: 325–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Chevalier, J.P. 1976. Etude des coraux fossiles récoltés dans le forage DSDP 76 en mer profonde dans les Tuamotu du Nord. Bulletin de le Société Géologique de France 18 (7.5): 1307–1313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Chevalier, J.P. 1979. La faune corallienne (Scleractinaires et Hydrocoralliaires) de la Polynésie Française. Cahiers de l’Indo-Pacifique 1: 129–151.Google Scholar
  15. Chevalier, J.P., and D.H.H. Kühlmann. 1983. Les scléractiniaires de Moorea, île de la Société (Polynésie française). Journal de la Société des Océanistes 39 (77): 55–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cibois, A., J.C. Thibault, and E. Pasquet. 2007. Les rousserolles de l’archipel des Tuamotu (Polynésie française): aspect historique et stratégie de conservation, 1–76. Papeete: Société d’Ornithologie de Polynésie française.Google Scholar
  17. Crame, J.A. 1986. Late pleistocene molluscan assemblages from the coral reefs of the Kenya coast. Coral Reefs 4: 183–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Dickinson, W.R. 2001. Paleoshoreline record of relative Holocene sea levels on Pacific islands. Earth Science Revue 55: 191–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dickinson, W.R. 2004. Impacts of eustasy and hydro-isostasy on the evolution and landforms of Pacific atolls. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatololgy, Palaeoecology 213: 251–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Facon, B., J.P. Pointier, M. Glaubrecht, C. Poux, P. Jarne, and P. David. 2003. A molecular phylogeography approach to biological invasions of the New World by parthenogenetic Thiarid snails. Molecular Ecology 12: 3027–3039.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fairbanks, R.G. 1989. A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record: influence of glacial melting dates on the Younger Dryas event and deep ocean circulation. Nature 342: 637–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Harland, W.B., R.L. Armstrong, A.V. Cox, L.E. Craig, A.G. Smith, and D.G. Smith. 1989. A Geologic Time Scale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Hayasaka, S., and K. Oki. 1971. Note on the marine molluscan fauna from the Pleistocene Kogashira formation in the Kagoshima city, south Kyushu, Japan. Report of the Faculty of Sciences of Kagoshima University, Earth Science Biology 4: 1–13.Google Scholar
  24. Houart, R. 2013. The genus Daphnellopsis (Gastropoda: Muricidae) in the recent and quaternary of the Indo-West Pacific province. Journal of Conchology 41 (4): 465–480.Google Scholar
  25. Huber, M. 2010. Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3300 of the World’s Marine Bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research, 1–901. Hackenheim: Conch Books.Google Scholar
  26. Humblet, M., Y. Iryu, and T. Nakamori. 2009. Variations in Pleistocene coral assemblages in space and time in southern and northern Central Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Marine Geology 259: 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Irving, R., and T. Dawson. 2012. The marine environment of the Pitcairn Islands. A report to Global Ocean Legacy, a project of the Pew Environment Group, 1–104. Auckland: Discovery Press.Google Scholar
  28. Ito, G., M. McNutt, and R.L. Gibson. 1995. Crustal structure of the Tuamotu Plateau, 150 S, and implication for its origin. Journal of Geophysical Research 100 (B5): 8097–8114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Jaubert, J., B.A. Thomassin, and P. Vasseur. 1976. Morphologie et étude bionomique préliminaire de la pente externe du récif de Tiahura, île de Moorea (Polynésie française). Cahiers du Pacifique 19: 299–323.Google Scholar
  30. Kilburn, R.N., and E. Rippey. 1982. Sea Shells of Southern Africa, 1–249. Johannesburg: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  31. Kohn, A.J., and I. Arua. 1999. An early Pleistocene molluscan assemblage from Fiji: gastropod faunal composition, paleoecology and biogeography. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatololgy, Palaeoecology 146: 99–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kosuge, S. 1969. Fossil mollusks of Oahu, Hawaii Islands. Bulletin of the National Science Museum 12: 783–794.Google Scholar
  33. Kühlmann, D.H.H., and J.P. Chevalier. 1986. Les coraux (Scléractinaires et Hydrocoralliaires) de l’atoll de Takapoto, îles Tuamotu: aspects écologiques. Marine Ecology 7 (1): 75–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Laboute, P. 1985. Evaluation des dégâts causés par les passages des cyclones de 1982-1983 en Polynésie française sur les pentes externes des atolls de Tikehau et de Takapoto (Archipel des Tuamotu). Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti 3: 323–329Google Scholar
  35. Ladd, H.S. 1966. Chitons and Gastropods (Haliotidae through Adeorbidae) from the Western Pacific islands. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 531: 1–98.Google Scholar
  36. Ladd, H.S. 1972. Cenozoic fossil mollusks from Western Pacific Islands; gastropods (Turritellidae through Strombidae). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 532: 1–79.Google Scholar
  37. Ladd, H.S. 1975. Two Pleistocene Volutes from the New Hebrides. The Veliger 18 (2): 134–138.Google Scholar
  38. Ladd, H.S. 1976. New Pleistocene Neogastropoda from the New Hebrides. The Nautilus 90 (4): 127–138.Google Scholar
  39. Ladd, H.S. 1977. Cenozoic fossil mollusks from Western Pacific Islands; gastropods (Eratoidae through Harpidae). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 533: 1–84.Google Scholar
  40. Ladd, H.S. 1982. Cenozoic fossil mollusks from Western Pacific Islands; gastropods (Eulimidae and Volutidae through Terebridae). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1171: 1–100.Google Scholar
  41. Lison de Loma, T. (2015). La biodiversité côtière des îles Australes. In Environnement marin des îles Australes, Polynésie française, eds. B. Salvat, T. Bambridge, D. Tanret, and J. Petit, 56–66. Moorea: Institut Récifs Coralliens Pacifique—CRIOBE, The Pew Charitable Trusts Polynésie française.Google Scholar
  42. Lozouet, P., A.G. Beu, P. Maestrati, R. Pineda, and J.-L. Reyss. 2011. The natural history of Santo. In The Holocene and Pleistocene marine faunas reconsidered, 70th ed, ed. P. Bouchet, H. Le Guyader, and O. Pascal, 25–33. Paris: Publications Scientifiques du Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Patrimoines Naturels.Google Scholar
  43. McCulloch, M.T., and T. Esat. 2000. The coral record of last interglacial sea levels and sea surface temperatures. Chemical Geology 169: 107–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. McManus, J.W. 1985. Marine speciation, tectonics and sea-level changes in Southeast Asia. Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti 4: 133–138Google Scholar
  45. Meyer, C.P., J.B. Geller, and G. Paulay. 2005. Fine scale endemism on coral reefs: archipelagic differentiation in turbinid gastropods. Evolution 59 (1): 113–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Montaggioni, L.F. 1985. Makatea island, Tuamotu archipelago. Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti 1: 103–160Google Scholar
  47. Montaggioni, L.F. 1989. Le soulèvement polyphasé d’origine volcano-isostasique: clef de l’évolution post-oligocène des atolls du Nord-Ouest des Tuamotus (Pacifique central). Comptes Rendus des séances de l’ Académie des Sciences Paris 309 (2): 1591–1598.Google Scholar
  48. Montaggioni, L.F. 2015. Naissance et évolution géologique des îles Australes. In Environnement marin des îles Australes, Polynésie française, eds. B. Salvat, T. Bambridge, D. Tanret, and J. Petit, 28–39. Moorea: Institut Récifs Coralliens Pacifique – CRIOBE, The Pew Charitable Trusts Polynésie française.Google Scholar
  49. Montaggioni, L.F., and C.J.R. Braithwaite. 2009. Quaternary coral reef system. History, development processes and controlling factors. Developments in Marine Geology 5: 1–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Muhs, D.R., K.R. Simmons, and B. Steinke. 2002. Timing and warmth of the last interglacial period: new U-series evidence from Hawaii and Bermuda and a new fossil compilation for North America. Quaternary Science Reviews 21: 1355–1383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Nakada, M., and K. Lambeck. 1988. The melting history of the Late Pleistocene Antarctic ice sheet. Nature 333: 36–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Neall, V.E., and S.A. Trewick. 2008. The age and origin of the Pacific Islands: a geological overview. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 363: 3293–3308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Nunn, P.D. 1994. Oceanic islands. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  54. Ostergaard, J. M. 1928. Fossil marine mollusks of Oahu. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 51: 5–32.Google Scholar
  55. Ostergaard, J.M. 1935. Recent and Fossil Marine Mollusca of Tongatabu. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 131: 3–59.Google Scholar
  56. Paulay, G. 1990. Effects of late Cenozoic sea-level fluctuations on the bivalve fauna of tropical oceanic islands. Paleobiology 16: 415–434.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Paulay, G. 1991. Late Cenozoic sea-level fluctuations and the diversity and species composition of insular shallow water marine faunas. In The Unity of Evolutionary Biology, ed. E.C. Dudley, 184–193. Portland: Dioscorides Press.Google Scholar
  58. Paulay, G. 1996. Dynamic clams: changes in the bivalve fauna of Pacific islands as a result of sea-level fluctuations. American Malacological Review 12 (1–2): 45–57.Google Scholar
  59. Paulay, G., T. Spencer. 1988. Geomorphology, paleoenvironments and faunal turnover, Henderson island, S.E. Polynesia. Proceedings of the Sixth International Coral Reef Symposium, Townsville 3: 461–466Google Scholar
  60. Pirazzoli, P. 1985. Sea level changes in Rangiroa in Ricard M. 1985 Atoll de Rangiroa, archipel des Tuamotu. Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti 1: 159–210Google Scholar
  61. Pirazzoli, P.A., and L.F. Montaggioni. 1988. Holocene sea-level changes in French Polynesia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 68: 153–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Pointier, J.-P., and G. Marquet. 1990. Taxonomy and distribution of freshwater mollusks of French Polynesia. Venus 49 (3): 215–231.Google Scholar
  63. Poli, G., and B. Salvat. 1976. Etude bionomique d’un lagon d’atoll totalement fermé: Taiaro. Cahiers du Pacifique 19: 227–251.Google Scholar
  64. Potts, D.C. 1984. Generation times and Quaternary evolution of reef-building corals. Paleobiology 10: 48–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Potts, D.C. 1985. Sea-level fluctuations and speciation in Scleractinia. Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress, Tahiti 4: 127–132Google Scholar
  66. Richard, G. 1976. Transport de matériaux et évolution récente de la faune malacologique lagunaire de Taiaro. Cahiers du Pacifique 19: 265–282.Google Scholar
  67. Richard, G., B. Salvat, and O. Millous. 1983. Mollusques et faune benthique du lagon de Takapoto. Journal de la Société des Océanistes 62 (35): 59–74.Google Scholar
  68. Rougerie, F., C. Jehl, and J. Trichet. 1997. Phosphorus pathways in atolls: interstitial nutrient pool, cyanobacterial accumulation and Carbonate-Fluoro- Apatite (CFA) precipitation. Marine Geology 139: 201–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Salvat, B. 1967. Importance de la faune malacologique dans les atolls polynésiens. Cahiers du Pacifique 11: 7–49.Google Scholar
  70. Salvat, B. 1971. La faune benthique du lagon de l’atoll de Reao. Cahiers du Pacifique 16: 30–109.Google Scholar
  71. Salvat, B. 2009. Dominant benthic mollusks in closed atolls, French Polynesia, Galaxea. Journal of Coral Reef Studies 11 (2): 197–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Salvat, B., and C. Rives. 1975. Coquillages de Polynésie. Papeete: Editions du Pacifique.Google Scholar
  73. Salvat, F., and B. Salvat. 1992. Nukutipipi Atoll, Tuamotu archipelago: geomorphology, land and marine flora and fauna and interrelationships. Atoll Research Bulletin 357: 1–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Siddall, M., J. Chappell, and E.-K. Potter. 2006. The climate of past interglacials. Developments in Quaternary Science. In Eustatic sea level during past interglacials, 7th ed, eds. F. Sirocko, M. Claussen, T. Litt, and M.F. Sanchez-Goni, 75–92.Google Scholar
  75. Spencer, T., and G. Paulay. 1989. Geology and geomorphology of Henderson island. Atoll Research Bulletin 323: 1–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Stoddart, D.R. 1973. Coral reefs: the last 2 millions years. Geography 58: 313–323.Google Scholar
  77. Taylor, J.D. 1978. Faunal response to the instability of reef habitats: Pleistocene molluscan assemblages of Aldabra atoll. Palaeontology 21: 1–30.Google Scholar
  78. Tessier, R. 1940. Les cyclones en Polynésie française de 1878 à 1906. Bulletin de la Société des Études Océaniennes, Papeete, Tahiti 166–167: 5–48.Google Scholar
  79. Trichet, J., and C. Delage. 1999. Sedimentary organic matter derived from cyanobacteria: composition, structure and properties of kopara deposits. Bulletin de l’Institut Océanographique de Monaco, Special Numéro 19: 203–208.Google Scholar
  80. Trichet, J., and A. Fikri. 1997. Organic matter in the genesis of high-island peloidal phosphorites: the lagoonal link. Journal of Sedimentology Research 67 (5): 891–897.Google Scholar
  81. Tröndlé, J., and M. Boutet. 2009. Inventory of marine molluscs of French Polynesia. Atoll Research Bulletin 570: 1–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Tröndlé, J., and J. Letourneux. 2011. Description de Terebra niauensis n. sp. (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Terebridae) du Pléistocène de Niau, Tuamotu ‘Polynésie française). Novapex 12 (3-4): 87–90.Google Scholar
  83. Tröndlé, J., and J. Letourneux. 2012. Description de Turbo fakaauensis n. sp. (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Turbinidae) du Pléistocène de Niau, Tuamotu ‘Polynésie française). Novapex 13 (2): 87–90.Google Scholar
  84. Tröndlé, J., and B. Salvat. 2010. La thanatocènose du lagon de l’atoll de Niau (Polynésie française) avec la description d’une nouvelle espèce de Strombus (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Strombidae). Zoosystema 32 (4): 613–623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Veeh, H.H. 1966. Th230/U238 and U234/U238 ages of Pleistocene high sea level stand. Journal of Geophysical Research 71 (14): 3379–3386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Paläontologische Gesellschaft 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard Salvat
    • 1
  • Jean Tröndlé
    • 2
  • Jean Letourneux
    • 3
  1. 1.PSL EPHE-CNRS-UPVD, USR 3278, Récifs coralliens, Laboratoire d’Excellence CORAILUniversité de PerpignanPerpignan CedexFrance
  2. 2.Museum national d’Histoire Naturelle de ParisParisFrance
  3. 3.MahinaFrench Polynesia

Personalised recommendations