PalZ

, Volume 91, Issue 2, pp 207–216 | Cite as

The cystoporate bryozoan Glyptopora michelinia (Prout, 1860) in the Viséan–Serpukhovian boundary interval of the Montagne Noire (southern France)

Research Paper
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Abstract

The cystoporate bryozoan Glyptopora michelinia (Prout, 1860) was identified from the latest Viséan/earliest Serpukhovian of southern France. This species was known previously from the Mississippian of the USA and southwestern Spain. The morphology of the genus Glyptopora includes the development of bilaminate lobes. Such morphology became successful in several groups of cystoporate bryozoans and was regarded as efficient adaptation for feeding. Another explanation would be control by the type of substrate which enabled temporal success of lobate species against the encrusting ones in the Late Palaeozoic.

Keywords

Bryozoa Taxonomy Viséan–Serpukhovian Calcaires à Productus Montagne Noire Southern France 

Kurzfassung

Die cystoporate Bryozoe Glyptopora michelinia (Prout, 1860) wurde im späten Viséum / frühen Serpukhovium von Südfrankreich gefunden. Diese Art war bis dahin aus dem Mississippium von USA und Südwest-Spanien bekannt. Die Morphologie der Gattung Glyptopora beinhaltet die Entwicklung bilaminater Loben. Solch eine Morphologie bewährte sich in einigen Gruppen der cystoporaten Bryozoen und wird als eine effiziente Anpassung zur Nahrungsaufnahme betrachtet. Eine andere Erklärung könnte sein, dass im späten Paläozoikum die Kontrolle durch Substrat den temporären Erfolg der lobaten Arten gegenüber inkrustierenden Arten ermöglichte.

Schlüsselwörter

Bryozoa Taxonomie Viséum–Serpukhovium Calcaires à Productus Montagne Noire Südfrankreich 

Notes

Acknowledgements

AE thanks Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) for financial support (project ER 278/6.1), and the University Lille 1 for an invited professorship (March 2016) which enabled the work on the present paper. We appreciate the help of E. Locatelli, S. Clausen, P. Cózar and A. Izart. Patrick Wyse Jackson, Dublin, and Hans Arne Nakrem, Oslo, are thanked for their helpful and constructive reviews.

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© Paläontologische Gesellschaft 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für GeologieUniversität HamburgHamburgGermany
  2. 2.GrusonFrance
  3. 3.Université des sciences et technologies de Lille, UMR 8198 du CNRS Evolution, Ecologie et PaléontologieVilleneuve d’Ascq CedexFrance

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