Skip to main content

An offshore fish assemblage (Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii) from the Late Jurassic of NE Spain

Abstract

Bulk sampling of late Oxfordian and early Kimmeridgian sediments of the Sot de Chera Formation near the Village of Moneva in the Aragonese Branch of the Iberian Ranges (NE Spain) yielded a low-diversity fauna of sharks (Synechodus ungeri, Phorcynis sp. cf. P. catulina, ?Scyliorhinidae indet., Pseudorhina sp., Protospinax sp.), guitarfishes (Belemnobatis sp., Spathobatis sp.) and ray-finned fishes (Gyrodus hexagonus, Ionoscopus sp., Caturus sp.). The most common selachian is Synechodus ungeri, which is the first record of this species outside of Germany, enlarging both its palaeogeographic and stratigraphic distributions. A detailed description and taxonomic discussion of this species are presented. Most other sharks and guitarfishes probably represent new taxa. Taxonomic and systematic information about all taxa recovered from Moneva is provided. The faunal composition consisting predominantly of stenohaline sharks and epipelagic ray-finned fishes and lacking hybodonts is characteristic for an open-marine, neritic environment and represents the first unquestionable fish assemblage from an offshore setting on a distal carbonate platform of the northern tropical Tethys shelf. The faunal composition is compared with contemporaneous fish associations from neritic settings in the Boreal realm.

Kurzfassung

Die Probennahme von Sedimenten der Sot de Chera Formation (Unteroxford – Unterkimmeridge) nahe des Dorfes Moneva im Aragonese Gebiet der Iberischen Ketten (Nordost-Spanien) förderte eine niedrig diverse Fauna mit Haifischen (Synechodus ungeri, Phorcynis sp. cf. P. catulina, ?Scyliorhinidae indet., Pseudorhina sp., Protospinax sp.), Gitarrenrochen (Belemnobatis sp., Spathobatis sp.), und Strahlenflosser (Gyrodus hexagonus, Ionoscopus sp., Caturus sp.) zu tage. Der am häufigsten vorkommende Selachier ist Synechodus ungeri, der zugleich auch zum ersten Mal außerhalb Deutschlands nachgewiesen werden kann und somit sowohl dessen paläogeographische also auch stratigraphische Verbreitung erweitert. Eine detaillierte Beschreibung und taxonomische Diskussion dieser Art wird vorgestellt. Die meisten anderen Haie und Gitarrenrochen stellen möglicherweise neue Taxa dar. Sowohl taxonomische als auch systematische Information für alle in Moneva vorkommenden Taxa werden präsentiert. Die Faunenzusammensetzung besteht vorwiegend aus stenohalinen Haien und epipelagischen Strahlenflossern, wobei das Fehlen von Hybodontiern charakteristisch für ein offenmarines, neritisches Milieu ist. Somit präsentiert diese Fauna das erste zweifelsfreie Fischvorkommen aus einer küstennahen Umgebung, welches auf einer distalen Karbonatplattform des nördlichen Schelfes der tropischen Tethys lag. Des Weiteren wird die Faunenzusammensetzung mit zeitgleich vorkommenden Fischassoziationen aus neritischen Lokalitäten des borealen Raumes verglichen.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

References

  • Aberhan, M., R. Bussert, W.-D. Heinrich, E. Schrank, S. Schultka, B. Sames, J. Kriwet, and S. Kapilima. 2002. Palaeoecology and depositional environments of the Tendaguru Beds (Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous, Tanzania). Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde Berlins, Geowissenschaftliche Reihe 5: 19–44.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Agassiz, J.L.R. 1833–1844. Recherches sur les poissons fossiles. Neuchâtel: Imprimerie de Petitpierre, in 5 vols., with supplements, 1420 pp.

  • Applegate, S.P. 1972. A revision of the higher taxa of orectolobids. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 14: 743–751.

    Google Scholar 

  • Arratia, G., J. Kriwet, and W.-D. Heinrich. 2002. Selachians and actinopterygians from the Upper Jurassic of Tendaguru, Tanzania. Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde zu Berlin, Geowissenschaftliche Reihe 5: 207–230.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Arratia, G., R. Scasso, and W. Kiessling. 2004. Late Jurassic fishes from Longing Gap, Antarctic Peninsula. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 24: 41–55.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Aurell, M. 1991. Identification of systems tracks in low angle carbonate ramps: Examples from the Upper Jurassic of Iberian Chain (Spain). Sedimentary Geology 73: 101–115.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Aurell, M., and G. Meléndez. 1993. Sedimentary evolution and sequence stratigraphy of the Upper Jurassic in the Central Iberian Chain, northeast Spain. Special Publication of the International Association of Sedimentology 18: 343–368.

    Google Scholar 

  • Aurell, M., M.D. Lardiés, G. Meléndez, and S. Nieva. 1988. Upper Jurassic litho- and biostratigraphic correlations at the northern Iberian Chain, in relation to submediterranean and mediterranean provinces. 2nd International symposium on jurassic stratigraphy Lisbon, 445–458.

  • Aurell, M., B. Bádenas, J. Bello, G. Delvene, G. Meléndez, I. Pérez-Urresti, and J. Ramajo. 1999. El Calloviense y el Jurásico Superior en la Cordillera Ibérica Nororiental y la Zona de Enlace con la Codillera Costero-Catalana, en los sectores de Sierra de Arcos, Calanda y Xerta-Paüls. Cuadernos de Geología Ibérica 25: 73–110.

    Google Scholar 

  • Aurell, M., S. Robles, B. Bádenas, S. Quesada, I. Rosales, G. Meléndez, and J.C. García-Ramos. 2003. Transgressive/regressive cycles and Jurassic palaeogeography of northeast Iberia. Sedimentary Geology 162: 239–271.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Aurell, M., B. Bádenas, J. Ipas, and J. Ramajo. 2010. Sedimentary evolution of an Upper Jurassic epeiric carbonate ramp, Iberian Basin, NE Spain. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 329: 89–111.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bádenas, B., and M. Aurell. 1997. El Kimmeridgiense de los Montes Universales (Teruel): Distribución de facies y variaciones del nivel del mar. Cuadernos de Geologia Ibérica 22: 15–36.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bádenas, B., and M. Aurell. 2001a. Proximal-distal facies relationships and sedimentary processes in a storm dominated carbonate ramp (Kimmeridgian, northwest of the Iberian Ranges, Spain). Sedimentary Geology 139: 319–340.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bádenas, B., and M. Aurell. 2001b. Kimmeridgian Palaeogeography and basin evolution of northeastern Iberia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 168: 291–310.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bádenas, B., M. Aurell, F.J. Rodríguez-Tovar, and E. Pardo-Igúzquiza. 2003. Sequence stratigraphy and bedding rhythms of an outer ramp limestone succession (Late Kimmeridgian, Northeast Spain). Sedimentary Geology 161: 153–174.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Berg, L.S. 1937. A classification of fish-like vertebrates. Bulletin de l’Académie des Sciences de l’URSS 4: 1277–1280 (in Russian).

  • Berg, L.S. 1940. Classification of fishes, both recent and fossil. Transactions of the Institute of Zoology, Academy of Sciences USSR [Trudy zoologicheskogo Instituta Leningrad] 5: 85–517 (in Russian).

  • Bonaparte, C.L.J.L. 1838. Selachorum tabula analytica. Nuovi Annali delle Scienze Naturali 2: 195–214.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bulard, P.F. 1972. Le Jurassique moyen et supérieur de la Chaine Ibérique sur la bordure du bassin de l’Ebre (Espagne). Ph.D. thesis, 702 pp. Université Nice.

  • Candoni, L. 1993. Découverte de Parasymbolus octevillensis gen. et. sp. nov. (Scyliorhinidae—Elasmobranchii) dans le Kimméridgien de Normandie, France. Belgian Geological Survey, Professional Papers 264: 147–156.

    Google Scholar 

  • Candoni, L. 1995. Deux faunes inédites de sélaciens dans le Jurassique terminal français—Premiers resultats stratigraphiques. Trimestriel de la Société Géologique de Normandie et des Amis du Muséum du Havre 82: 29–49.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cappetta, H. 1980. Les sélaciens du Crétacé supérieur du Liban. II. Batoides. Palaeontographica A 168: 149–229.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cappetta, H. 1987. Chondrichthyes II—Mesozoic and Cenozoic Elasmobranchii. In Handbook of paleoichthyology, vol. 3B, ed. H.-P. Schultze, 1–193. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag.

    Google Scholar 

  • Carvalho, M.R., J. Kriwet, and D. Thies. 2008. A systematic and anatomical revision of Late Jurassic angelsharks (Chondrichthyes: Squatinidae). In Mesozoic fishes 4—homology and phylogeny, ed. G. Arratia, H.-P. Schultze, and M.V.H. Wilson, 469–502. Munich: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cavin, L. 2010. Diversity of Mesozoic semionotiform fishes and the origin of gars (Lepisosteidae). Naturwissenschaften 97: 1035–1040.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cavin, L., H. Cappetta, and B. Séret. 1995. Révision de Belemnobatis morinicus (Sauvage, 1873) du Portlandien du Boulonnais (Pas-de-Calais, France). Comparaison avec quelques Rhinobatidae Jurassique. Geologica et Palaeontologica 29: 245–267.

    Google Scholar 

  • Compagno, L.J.V. 1973. Interrelationships of living elasmobranchs. In Interrelationships of fishes, ed. H.P. Greenwood, R. Miles, and C. Patterson, 15–61. London: Academic.

    Google Scholar 

  • Compagno, L.J.V. 1977. Phyletic relationships of living sharks and rays. American Zoologist 17: 303–322.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cope, E.D. 1872. On the families of fishes of the Cretaceous formation in Kansas. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 12: 327–357.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cope, E.D. 1887. Zittel’s manual of palaeontology. American Naturalist 21: 1014–1019.

    Google Scholar 

  • Costa, O.G. 1853. Ittiologìa Fossile Italiana, Opera da Servire dì Supplemento alle Richerchesui Pesci Fossile de L. Agassiz. Napoli, 67 pp.

  • Cuny, G. 2012. Freshwater hybodont sharks in Early Cretaceous ecosystems: a review. In Bernissart dinosaurs and Early Cretaceous terrestrial ecosystems, ed. P. Godefroit, 519–529. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cuny, G., J. Rees, J. Pouech, P. Srisuk, J.-M. Mazin, and V. Suteethorn. 2008. Belemnobatis from Thailand and Cherves-de-Cognac (France): Radiation of Primitive Batoids during the Mesozoic. Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie, Lyon 164: 33–36

    Google Scholar 

  • Cuny, G., P. Srisuk, S. Khamha, V. Suteethorn, and H. Tong. 2009. A new elasmobranch fauna from the Middle Jurassic of southern Thailand. In Late Palaeozoic and Mesozoic Ecosystems in SE Asia, ed. E. Buffetaut, G. Cuny, J. Le Loeuff, and V. Suteethorn V. The Geological Society, London, Sepcial Publications 315: 97–113

  • de Blainville, H.M.D. 1818. Sur les ichthyolites ou les poissons fossiles. Nouveau Dictionnaire d’Histoire Naturelle 27: 310–391.

    Google Scholar 

  • de Buen, F. 1926. Catálogo ictiológico del Mediterráneo español y de Marruecos. Resultados Campanas Internaccionale Institute Español Oceanografiá 2: 153–161.

    Google Scholar 

  • de Carvalho, M.R., and J.G. Maisey. 1996. The phylogenetic relationships of the Late Jurassic shark Protospinax Woodward, 1919 (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii). In Mesozoic fishes—systematics and paleoecology, ed. G. Arratia, and A. Tintori, 9–46. Munich: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.

    Google Scholar 

  • de Saint-Seine, P. 1949. Les poisons des calcaires lithographiques de Cerin (Ain). Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle de Lyon 2: 159–276.

    Google Scholar 

  • Delsate, D., and L. Candoni. 2001. Description de nouveaux morphotypes dentaires de Batomorphii toarciens (Jurassique inférieur) du Bassin de Paris: Archaeobatidae nov. fam. Bulletin de la Societe naturelle de Luxembourg 102: 131–143.

    Google Scholar 

  • Duffin, C.J. 1993. The palaeospinacid shark “Synechodusjurensis Schweizer, 1964 from the Late Jurassic of Germany. Belgian Geological Survey, Professional Papers 264: 157–174.

    Google Scholar 

  • Duffin, C.J., and D. Thies. 1997. Hybodont shark teeth from the Kimmeridgian (Late Jurassic) of northwest Germany. Geologica et Palaeontologica 31: 235–256.

    Google Scholar 

  • Duffin, C.J., and D.J. Ward. 1993. The Early Jurassic Palaeospinacid sharks of Lyme Regis, southern England. Professional Paper of the Geological Survey of Belgium 264: 53–102.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gill, T. 1862. Analytical analysis of the order Squali and revision and nomenclature of henera. Annals of the Society of Natural History of New York 7: 367–408.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gómez, J.J. 1979. El Jurasico en facies carbonatadas del sector levantino de la Cordillera Ibérica. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, 686 pp. Madrid.

  • Gradstein, F.M., J.G. Ogg, A.G. Smith, F.P. Agterberg, W. Bleeker, R.A. Cooper, V. Davydov, P. Gibbard, I.A. Hinnov, and M.R. House. 2004. A geologic time scale 2004. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Grande, L., and W.E. Bemis. 1998. A comprehensive phylogenetic study of Amiid Fishes (Amiidae) based on comparative skeletal anatomy. An empirical search for interconnected patterns of natural history. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Memoir 4(suppl. to vol. 18): 1–690.

    Google Scholar 

  • Guinot, G., C.J. Underwood, H. Cappetta, and D.J. Ward. 2012. Squatiniformes (Chondrichthyes, Neoselachii) from the Late Cretaceous of southern England and northern France with redescriptions of the holotpye of Squatina cranei Woodward, 1888. Palaeontology 55: 529–551.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hay, O.P. 1902. Bibliography and catalogue of fossil vertebrata of North America. Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey 179: 1–868.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hay, O.P. 1929. Second bibliography and catalogue of the fossil vertebrata of North America. Publications of the Carnegie Institute of Washington 390: 1–2003.

    Google Scholar 

  • Heineke, E. 1906. Die Ganoiden und Teleostier de Lithographischen Schiefers von Nusplingen. Geologische und Palaeontologische Abhandlungen, Neue Folge 8: 159–214.

    Google Scholar 

  • Herman, J. 1977. Les Sélaciens des néocrétacés et paléocénes de Belgique et des contrées limitrophes. Eléments d’une biostratigraphie intercontinentale. Mémoires pour server à l’Explication des Cartes Géologiques et Minières de la Belgique 15: 1–450.

    Google Scholar 

  • Huxley, T.H. 1880. On the application of the laws of evolution to the arrangement of the Vertebrata and more particularly of the Mammalia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1880: 649–662.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ismen, A., C. Yigin, and P. Ismen. 2007. Age, growth, reproductive biology and feed of the common guitarfish (Rhinobatos rhinobatos Linnaeus, 1758) in Iskenderun Bay, the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Fisheries Research 84: 263–269.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jaekel, O. 1898. Über die verschiedenen Rochentypen. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1898: 44–53.

    Google Scholar 

  • Klug, S. 2009. A new palaeospinacid shark (Chondrichthyes, Neoselachii) from the Upper Jurassic of southern Germany. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29(2): 326–335.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Klug, S. 2010a. Monophyly, phylogeny and systematic position of the Synechodontiformes (Chondrichthyes, Neoselachii). Zoologica Scripta 39: 37–49.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Klug, S. 2010b. Interspecific variation or sexual dimorphism: Is early neoselachian diversity an artefact or substantial? Zitteliana B 29: 59.

    Google Scholar 

  • Klug, S., and J. Kriwet. 2012. Node age estimations and the origin of angel sharks, Squatiniformes (Neoselachii, Squalomorphii). Journal of Systematic Paleontology (in press)

  • Klug, S., J. Kriwet, R. Böttcher, G. Schweigert, and G. Dietl. 2009. Skeletal anatomy of the extinct shark Paraorthacodus jurensis (Chondrichthyes; Palaeospinacidae), with comments on synechodontiform and palaeospinacid monophyly. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 157: 107–134.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kriwet, J. 1998. Late Jurassic Elasmobranch and Actinopterygian fishes from Portugal and Spain. Cuadernos de Geologia Ibérica 24: 241–260.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kriwet, J. 2000. The fish fauna from the Guimarota mine. In Guimarota A Jurassic ecosystem, ed. Th. Martin, and B. Krebs, 41–50. Munich: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kriwet, J. 2001a. Palaeobiogeography of pycnodontiform fishes (Actinopterygii, Neopterygii). Seminario de Paleontología de Zaragoza 5(1): 121–130.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kriwet, J. 2001b. Feeding mechanisms and ecology of pycnodont fishes (Neopterygii, Pycnodontiformes). Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde zu Berlin, Geowissenschaftliche Reihe 4: 139–165.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kriwet, J. 2002. Pycnodont fish remains (Neopterygii: Pycnodontiformes) from the Upper Jurassic of the Lusitanian basin. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte 10: 577–587.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kriwet, J. 2003. Neoselachian remains (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) from the Middle Jurassic of SW Germany and NW Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 48(4): 587–598.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kriwet, J. 2005a. A comprehensive study of the skull and dentition of pycnodont fishes (Neopterygii, Pycnodontiformes. Zitteliana A 45: 135–188.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kriwet, J. 2005b. An amioid fish (Neopterygii, Amiiformes) from the Late Jurassic of the Iberian Peninsula. Geobios 38: 99–106.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kriwet, J., and S. Klug. 2004. Late Jurassic selachians (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) from southern Germany: Re-evaluation on taxonomy and diversity. Zitteliana A 44: 67–95.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kriwet, J., S. Klug. 2008. Diversity and biogeography patterns of Late Jurassic neoselachians (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii). In Fishes and the break-up of Pangaea, ed. L. Cavin, A. Longbottom, and M. Richter. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 295: 55–69

  • Kriwet, J., and S. Klug. 2011. An embryonic mandibular tooth plate and associated remains of a Late Jurassic chimaeroid (Holocephali, Chimaeriformes) from the Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 31(5): 954–961.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kriwet, J., and L. Schmitz. 2005. New insight into the distribution and palaeobiology of the pycnodont fish Gyrodus. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 50: 49–56.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kriwet, J., W. Kiessling, and S. Klug. 2009. Diversification trajectories and evolutionary life-history traits in early sharks and batoids. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Biological Series 276: 945–951.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kuhn, O. 1961. Die Tier- und Pflanzenwelt des Solnhofener Schiefers. Mit vollständigem Arten- und Schriftenverzeichnis. Geologica Bavarica 48: 1–68.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lambers, P.H. 1999. The actinopterygian fish fauna of the Late Kimmeridgian and Early Tithonian, Plattenkalke’ near Solnhofen (Bavaria, Germany): state of the art. Geologie en Mijnbouw 78: 215–229.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lehman, J.-P. 1966. Actinopterygii. In Traité de Paléontologie, Part 4, ed. J. Pivetaeau, 1–242. Paris: Masson et C.

    Google Scholar 

  • Leidner, A., and D. Thies. 1999. Placoid scales and oral teeth of Late Jurassic elasmobranchs from Europe. In Mesozoic fishes 2—systematics and fossil record, ed. G. Arratia, and H.-P. Schultze, 29–40. Munich: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mackie, S.J. 1863. On a new species of Hybodus (H. dubrisiensis) from the lower chalk. Geologist 6: 332–347.

    Google Scholar 

  • Maisey, J.G. 1976. The Jurassic selachian fish Protospinax Woodward. Palaeontology 19: 733–747.

    Google Scholar 

  • Meléndez, G., M. Aurell, and F. Atrops. 1990. Las unidades del Jurasico superior en el sector nororiental de la Cordillera Iberica: Nuevas subdivisiones litoestratigraficas. Cuadernos de Geología Ibérica 14: 225–245.

    Google Scholar 

  • Meléndez, G., F. Atrops, J. Ramajo, I. Pérez-Urresti, and G. Delvene. 2006. Upper Oxfordian to lower Kimmeridgian successions in the NE Iberian Range (E Spain): Some new stratigraphical and palaentological data. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen 241: 203–224.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mudroch, A. 1993. Mikrovertebratenreste aus dem Kimmeridgium des Langenbergs bei Oker (Nördl. Harzvorland). Unpublished master thesis, 94 pp. Hannover.

  • Mudroch, A., and D. Thies. 1996. Knochenfischzähne (Osteichthyes, Actinopterygii) aus dem Oberjura (Kimmeridgium) des Langenbergs bei Oker (Norddeutschland). Geologica et Palaeontologica 30: 239–265.

    Google Scholar 

  • Müller, A., and C. Diedrich. 1991. Selachier (Pisces, Chondrichthyes) aus dem Cenomanium von Ascheloh am Teutoberger Wald (Nordrhein-Westfalen, NW Deutschland). Geologie und Paläontologie in Westfalen 20: 1–105.

    Google Scholar 

  • Müller, J., and F.G.J. Henle. 1838–1841. Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen. Berlin: Veit und Co.

  • Navia, A.F., P.A. Mejía-Falla, and A. Giraldo. 2007. Feeding ecology of elasmobranch fishes in coastal waters of the Colombian Eastern Tropical Pacific. BMC Ecology 7: 8. doi:10.1186/1472-6785-7-8.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nursall, J.R. 1996. The phylogeny of pycnodont fishes. In Mesozoic fishes—systematics and paleoecology, ed. G. Arratia, and G. Viohl, 125–152. Munich: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nursall, J.R. 2010. The case for pycnodont fishes as the fossil sister-group of teleosts. In Origin and phylogenetic interrelationships of teleosts, ed. J.S. Nelson, H.-P. Schultze, and M.V.H. Wilson, 37–60. Munich: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ogg, J.G., O. Ogg, and F.M. Gradstein. 2008. The concise geologic time scale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Osete, M.-L., J.J. Gómez, F.J. Pavón-Carrasco, J.J. Villalaín, A. Palencia-Ortas, V.C. Ruiz-Martínez, and F. Heller. 2011. The evolution of Iberia during the Jurassic from palaeomagnetic data. Tectonophysics 502: 105–120.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Owen, R. 1860. Palaeontology; or a systematic summary of extinct animals and their geological remains. Edinburgh: A. and C. Black.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Pittet, B., A. Strasser, and E. Mattioli. 2000. Depositional sequences in deep-shelf environments: a response to sea-level changes and shallow-platform carbonate productivity (Oxfordian, Germany and Spain). Journal of Sedimentary Research 70: 392–407.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Poyato-Ariza, F.J., and S. Wenz. 2002. A new insight into pycnodontiform fishes. Geodiversitas 24: 139–248.

    Google Scholar 

  • Quenstedt, F.A. 1858. Der Jura. Tübingen: Laupp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rees, J. 2005. Neoselachian shark and ray teeth from the Valanginian, Lower Cretaceous, of Wąwał, Central Poland. Palaeontology 48: 209–221.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Regan, C.T. 1906. A classification of the selachian fishes. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1906: 722–758.

    Google Scholar 

  • Regan, C.T. 1923. The skeleton of Lepidosteus, with remarks on the origin and evolution of the lower neopterygian fishes. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1923: 445–461.

    Google Scholar 

  • Roemer, F.A. 1841. Die Versteinerungen des norddeutschen Kreidegebirges. Hanover: Hahn’sche Hofbuchhandlung.

  • Salas, R., and A. Casas. 1993. Mesozoic extensional tectonics, stratigraphy and crustal evolution during the Alpine cycle of the eastern Iberiaul basin. Tectonophysics 228: 33–55.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Salas, R., J. Guimer, R. Mas, C. Martín-Closas, A. Meléndez, and A. Alonso. 2001. Evolution of the Mesozoic Central Iberian Rift System and its Cenozoic inversion (Iberian Chain). Peritethyan Memoirs 6 Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle 186: 145–185.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sauvage, H.E. 1893. Note sur quelques poissons du calcaire bitumineux d’orbagnoux (Ain). Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire naturelle d’Autun 6: 1–17.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schaeffer, B., and C. Patterson. 1984. Jurassic Fishes from the Western United States, with Comments on Jurassic Fish Distribution. American Museum Novitates 2796: 1–86.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schweizer, R. 1964. Die Elasmobranchier und Holocephalen aus den Nusplinger Plattenkalken. Palaeontographica Abteilung A 123: 58–110.

    Google Scholar 

  • Siverson, M. 1995. Revision of Cretorectolobus (Neoselachii) and description of Cederstroemia n. gen., a Cretaceous carpet sharks (Orectolobiformes) with a cutting dentition. Journal of Paleontology 69: 974–979.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stelbrink, B., T. von Rintelen, G. Cliff, and J. Kriwet. 2010. Molecular systematics and global phylogeography of angel sharks (Genus Squatina). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54: 395–404.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sweetman, S.C., and C.J. Underwood. 2006. A Neoselachian shark from the non-marine Wessex Formation (Wealden Group: Early Cretaceous, Barremian) of the Isle of Wight, southern England. Palaeontology 49: 457–465.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Thies, D. 1983. Jurazeitliche Neoselachier aus Deutschland und S-England. Courier Forschungs-Institut Senckenberg 58: 1–116.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thies, D. 1995. Placoid scales (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii) from the Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian) of northern Germany. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 15: 463–481.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Thies, D., and A. Leidner. 2011. Sharks and guitarfishes (Elasmobranchii) from the Late Jurassic of Europe. Palaeodiversity 4: 63–184.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thies, D., and A. Mudroch. 1996. Actinopterygian teeth from the Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian) of N Germany. In Mesozoic fishes—systematics and paleoecology, ed. G. Arratia, and G. Viohl, 105–114. Munich: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thiollière, V.J. 1854. Description des poissons fossiles provenant des gisements coralliens du Jura dans le Bugey, vol. I. Paris: J. B. Bailliere.

    Google Scholar 

  • Underwood, C.J. 2002. Sharks, rays and a chimaeroid from the Kimmeridgian (Late Jurassic) of Ringstead, southern England. Palaeontology 45(2): 297–325.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Underwood, C.J. 2004. Environmental controls on the distribution of neoselachian sharks and rays within the British Bathonian (Middle Jurassic). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 203: 107–126.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Underwood, C.J. 2006. Diversification of the Neoselachii (Chondrichthyes) during the Jurassic and Cretaceous. Paleobiology 32: 215–235.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Underwood, C.J., and S.F. Mitchell. 1999. Albian and Cenomanian selachian assemblages from North-East England. Special Papers in Palaeontology 60: 9–56.

    Google Scholar 

  • Underwood, C.J., and J. Rees. 2002. Selachian faunas from the earliest Cretaceous Purbeck Group of Dorset, southern England. Special Papers in Palaeontology 68: 83–101.

    Google Scholar 

  • Underwood, C.J., and D.J. Ward. 2004. Neoselachian sharks and rays from the British Bathonian (Middle Jurassic). Palaeontology 47: 447–501.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Underwood, C.J., S.F. Mitchell, and K.J. Veltkamp. 1999a. Shark and ray teeth from the Hauterivian (Lower Cretaceous) of North-east England. Palaeontology 42: 287–302.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Underwood, C.J., S.F. Mitchell, and K.J. Veltkamp. 1999b. Microborings in mid Cretaceous fish teeth. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 52: 269–274.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Viohl, G. 1987. Raubfische der Solnhofener Plattenkalke mit erhaltenen Beutefischen. Archaeopteryx 5: 33–64.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wagner, A. 1851. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der in den lithographischen Schiefern abgelagerten urweltlichen Fische. Abhandlungen der 2. Klasse der königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften 6, 1. Abtheilung: 1–79.

  • Ward, D.J. 2010. Sharks and rays. In Field guide to fossils number 12: Fossils of the gault clay, ed. J.R. Young, A.S. Gale, R.I. Knight, and A.B. Smith, 275–299. London: Palaeontological Association.

    Google Scholar 

  • White, E.I. 1927. Two new species and a new genus of Cretaceous pycnodonts from the South of England. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History 116: 186–191.

    Google Scholar 

  • Woodward, A.S. 1888. On the Cretaceous selachian genus Synechodus. Geological Magazine 3: 496–499.

    Google Scholar 

  • Woodward, A.S. 1889. Catalogue of the fossil Fishes in the British Museum. Part I. London: British Museum of Natural History.

    Google Scholar 

  • Woodward, A.S. 1895. Catalogue of the fossil Fishes in the British Museum. Part III. London: British Museum of Natural History.

    Google Scholar 

  • Woodward, A.S. 1909. The fossil fishes of the English Chalk. Part V. Monographs of the Palaeontographical Society 63(308): 153–184.

    Google Scholar 

  • Woodward, A.S. 1918. The fossil fishes of the English Wealden and Purbeck formations, part II. Monographs of the Palaeontographical Society 70: 49–104.

    Google Scholar 

  • Woodward, A.S. 1919. On two new elasmobranch fishes (Crossorhinus jurassicus, sp. nov. and Protospinax annectans, gen. et sp. nov.) from the Upper Jurassic lithographic stone of Bavaria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 13: 231–235.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This study is part of a project on Jurassic vertebrates of the Iberian Peninsula. Many people have contributed to this project in the last years. We thank M. Aurell and G. Meléndez (both Zaragoza) for the possibility to study the sections and to collect material. We are grateful to M. Aurell (Zaragoza) and the late O.-F. Geyer (Stuttgart) for introducing us to the geology of northeastern Spain and for advice in the field. A. Pigowske (Berlin) assisted in screen-washing and picking. D. Thies, A. Leidner and A. Mudroch (all Hannover) are acknowledged for discussions on Late Jurassic fish tooth morphologies and their systematics. We are greatly indebted to the two reviewers (C.J. Underwood and G. Cuny) for their helpful comments and suggestions. This study was financially supported by two grants of the DFG (German Scientific Foundation) to J.K. under contract numbers KR 2307/3-1, 3-2, and partly by a Marie Curie Individual Fellowship to S.K. (FP7-PEOPLE-2009-IEF, no. 252750).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Stefanie Klug.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Klug, S., Kriwet, J. An offshore fish assemblage (Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii) from the Late Jurassic of NE Spain. Paläontol Z 87, 235–257 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12542-012-0156-y

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12542-012-0156-y

Keywords

  • Iberian Basin
  • Sot de Chera Formation
  • Chondrichthyes
  • Neoselachii
  • Palaeogeography
  • Palaeoecology

Schlüsselwörter

  • Iberisches Becken
  • Sot de Chera Formation
  • Chondrichthyes
  • Neoselachii
  • Paläogeographie
  • Paläoökologie