The systematic position of the Lower Cretaceous heteromorphic ammonite Pictetia Uhlig, 1883

Abstract

The heteromorphic ammonite genus Pictetia has previously been included in the Lytoceratidae. A reassessment of literature data and a detailed analysis of the suture shows that Pictetia lacks a septal lobe as well as a bifid internal lobe and lateral lobe, all features indicative of the Lytoceratidae. This and the quadrilobate suture line, combined with the loose coiling of the shell, indicate that it should be included in the polyphyletic suborder “Ancyloceratina”. Any further systematic assessment is impossible at the moment.

Kurzfassung

Bisher wurde die heteromorphe Ammonitengattung Pictetia zu den Lytoceratidae gestellt. Die Auswertung von Literaturdaten sowie genaue Untersuchungen der Suturlinie zeigen, dass die charakteristischen Merkmale der Lytoceratidae, wie der Septallobus, ein bifider Intern- und Laterallobus, bei Pictetia nicht ausgebildet sind. Dies und die quadrilobate Suturlinie sowie das lose aufgewundene Gehäuse erfordern eine systematische Zuordnung zur polyphyletischen Gruppe der „Ancyloceratina”. Eine nähere taxonomische Einordnung ist zur Zeit nicht möglich.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

Abbreviations

MAo:

Keupp Collection, housed at Freie Universität Berlin

PIMUZ:

Paläontologisches Institut und Museum der Universität Zürich

BMNH:

The Natural History Museum, London

wh:

Whorl height

wb:

Whorl breadth

References

  1. Amédro, F., and F. Robaszynski. 2005. Towards a correlation by ammonites of the Albian sequences of North-Pacific province with those of European and Arctic provinces in the Boreal realm: zonation, eustacy and palaeobiogeography. Geobios 38: 585–607.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Anthula, D.J. 1899. Ueber die Kreidefossilien des Kaukasus mit einem allgemeinen Ueberblick über die Sedimentärbildungen des Kaukasus. Beiträge zur Paläontologie Österreich-Ungarns und des Orients 12: 55–102.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Arkell, W.J., W.M. Furnish, B. Kummel, A.K. Miller, R.C. Moore, O.H. Schindewolf, P.C. Sylvester-Brady, and C.W. Wright. 1957. Part L Mollusca 4 Cephalopoda Ammonoidea. In Treatise on invertebrate paleontology, ed. R.C. Moore, L490. Lawrence, Kansas: The Geological Society of America, The University of Kansas Press.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Basse, E. 1952. Ammonoidea s. str. In Traité de Paleontologie Tome 2, ed. J. Pivetaut, 581–688. Paris: Masson.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Beznosov, N.V., and I.A. Mihajlova. 1983. Evoljuzija jursko-melovych ammonoudej [Evolution of Jurassic-Cretaceous ammonoids]. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 269(3): 733–737.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Breistroffer, M. 1947. Sur les zones d′ammonites dans l′albien de France et d′ Angleterre. Travaux du Laboratoire de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de L′Université de Grenoble 26: 1–88.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Breistroffer, M. 1952. Sur la position systématique du genre Ptychoceras d′Orb. Travaux du Laboratoire de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de L′Université de Grenoble 29: 47–54.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Casey, R. 1960. A monograph of the Ammonoidea of the Lower Greensand, Part 1. Palaeontographical Society Monographs 490: 1–44.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Casey, R. 1980. A monograph of the ammonoidea of the Lower Greensand Part 9. Palaeontographical Society Monographs 557: 633–660.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Collignon, M. 1949. Recherches sur les faunes Albiennes de Madagascar. I. L’Albien d’Ambarimaninga (Madagascar). Annales Géologiques Service des Mines de Madagascar 16: 1–128.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Collignon, M. 1962. Atlas des fossiles caracteristiques de Madagascar–Fascicule 9 (Aptien), 65. Tananarive: Service Géologique Tananarive.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Collignon, M. 1963. Atlas des fossiles caracteristiques de Madagascar–Fascicule 10 (Albien), 185. Tananarive: Service Géologique Tananarive.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Davis, R.A., N.H. Landman, J.L. Dommergues, D. Marchand, and H. Bucher. 1996. Mature modifications and dimorphism in ammonoid cephalopods. In Ammonoid paleobiology, ed. N.H. Landman, K. Tanabe, and R.A. Davis, 463–539. New York and London: Plenum Press.

    Google Scholar 

  14. d’Orbigny, A. 1840–1842. Paléontologie Francaise, Terrains Crétacés, 1, Cephalopodes, 662. Paris: Masson.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Dimitrova, N. 1967. Fosilite na B”lgariâ: IV. Dolna Kreda. Glavonogi (Nautiloidea i Ammonoidea) [The Fossils of Bulgaria: IV: Lower Cretaceous. Cephalopoda (Nautiloidea and Ammonoidea)], 424. Sofiya: B”lgarska Akademiâ na Naukit [In Bulgarian with extensive French summary].

  16. Druŝic, V.V. [Drushchits, V.V.]. 1956. Nižnemelovye ammonity Kryma i severnogo Kavkaza (Litoceratidy, tetragonitidy i filloceratidy) [Lower Cretaceous ammonites from Crimea and the northern Caucasus], 150. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo Moskovskogo Universiteta.

  17. Druŝic, V.V. [Drushchits, V.V.]. 1958. Nadsemejstvo Lytocerataceae [Superfamily Lytocerataceae.]. In Osnovy paleontologii: Mollûski—golovonogie II. Ammonoidei (ceratity i ammonity), vnutrennerakovinnye [Fundamentals of palaeontology: Mollusca—Cephalopoda II. Ammonoidea (Ceratitida and Ammonitida), Endocochlia], ed. N.P. Luppov and V.V. Druŝic, 56–61. Moskva: Gosudarstvennoe Naucho-tehniceskoe Izdatel’stv [In Russian]; English edition: N.P. Luppov and V.V. Drushchits, ed. 1976. Fundamentals of Paleontology: 6. Mollusca—Cephalopoda II. Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translations.

  18. Druŝic, V.V. [Drushchits, V.V.]. 1960. Ammonity, čast’ I [Ammonites, part 1]. In Atlas nižnemelovoj fauny severnogo Kavkaza i Kryma [Atlas of the Lower Cretaceous fauna of the northern Caucasus and Crimea], ed. V.V. Druŝic and M.P. Kudrâvcev, 249–308. Moskva: Gostoptehizdat [Trudy VNIIGaz] [In Russian].

  19. Egoân, V.L. 1969. Ammonity iz klansejskih sloev Zapadnogo Kavkaza [The ammonites from the Clansayesian Beds of the Western Caucasus]. Krasnodarskij filial Vsesoyuznogo neftegazovogo nauchno-issledovatel’skogo instituta, Trudy 19: 126–188, 264–315 [In Russian].

  20. Egoân, V.L. 1974. A new family of loosely coiled ammonites from the Aptian deposits in the Western Caucasus. Doklady of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R., Earth Sciences Section 217(1–6): 223–226.

  21. Engeser, T., and H. Keupp. 2002. Phylogeny of the aptychi-possessing Neoammonoidea (Aptychophora nov., Cephalopoda). Lethaia 34: 79–96.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Fischer, J.-C., and H. Gauthier. 2006. Révision critique de la Paléontologie Francaise d′Alcide d′Orbigny. Vol. IV Céphalopodes Crétacés, 292. Leiden: Backhuys Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Föllmi, K.B. 1986. Die Garschella- und Seewer Kalk-Formation (Aptian-Santonian) im Vorarlberger Helvetikum und Ultrahelvetikum. Mitteilungen aus dem Geologischen Institut der Eifgenössischen Technischen Hochschule und der Universität Zürich, Neue Folge 262: 1–391.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Föllmi, K.B. 1989a. Beschreibung neugefundener Ammonoidea aus der Vorarlberger Garschella-Formation (Aptian-Albian). Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, Wien 132(1): 105–189.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Föllmi, K.B. 1989b. Evolution of the Mid-Cretaceous triad. Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences 23: 1–153.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Förster, R. 1975. Die geologische Entwicklung von Süd-Mozambique seit der Unterkreide und die Ammoniten-Fauna von Unterkreide und Cenoman. Geologisches Jahrbuch Reihe B 12: 3–324.

    Google Scholar 

  27. Gignoux, M.M. 1920. Les Lytoceratidés du Paléocrétacé. Mémoires pour servir à l’Explication de la Carte Géologique détaillée de la France 1920: 103–134.

    Google Scholar 

  28. Gümbel, C.W. [von]. 1861. Geognostische Beschreibung des bayerischen Alpengebirges und seines Vorlandes, 948. Gotha: Verlag von Justus Perthes.

  29. Haug, E. 1889. Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Oberneocomen Ammonitenfauna der Puezalpe bei Corvara (Südtirol). Beiträge zur Paläontologie Österreich-Ungarns und des Orients 7: 193–230.

    Google Scholar 

  30. Haug, E. 1900. Review of Textbook of Palaeontology by K. von Zittel, translated by Ch. Eastman (Cephalopoda by A. Hyatt). Revue Critique de Paléozoologie 4(2): 78–86.

    Google Scholar 

  31. Heim, A., and O. Seitz. 1934. Die Mittlere Kreide in den helvetischen Alpen von Rheintal und Vorarlberg und das Problem der Kondensation. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 69: 185–310.

    Google Scholar 

  32. Hitzel, E. 1905. Sur les fossiles de l’étage Albien recueillis par M. A. Guébhard dans la region d′Escragnolles (Alpes Marit.). Bulletin de la Société géologique de France (séries 4) 2: 874–880.

  33. Howarth, M.K. 1974. The Lower Cretaceous ammonite genera proposed by C. Jacob in 1907. Palaeontology 17(3): 727–728.

    Google Scholar 

  34. Hyatt, A. 1900. Cephalopoda. In Textbook of Paleontology (adapted from the German of Karl A. von Zittel), 1st English Edition, ed. C.R. Eastman, 502–604. London and New York: Macmillan and Co.

    Google Scholar 

  35. Ivanov, M. 1993. Albian representative of Lytoceratina Hyatt, 1889 in northwestern Bulgaria. Geologica Balcanica 23(3): 45–64.

    Google Scholar 

  36. Jacob, C. 1908. Études paléontologique et stratigraphique sur la partie moyen des terrains cretacés dans les Alpes francaises et les régions voisines. Travaux du Laboratoire de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de L′Université de Grenoble 8(2): 280–590.

    Google Scholar 

  37. Kakabadze, M.V. 2004. Intraspecific and intragenetic variabilities and their implication for the systematics of Cretaceous heteromorph ammonites; a review. Skripta Geologica 28: 17–37.

    Google Scholar 

  38. Karakasch, K. 1907. Le Crétacé inférieur de la Crimée et sa faune. Travaux de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de St.-Petersbourg, Section de Géologie et de Minéralogie 32(5): 1–482.

    Google Scholar 

  39. Katto, J., and I. Obata. 1975. Note on an ammonite from the Shimanto Belt of Shikoku. Memoirs of the National Science Museum 8: 27–31.

    Google Scholar 

  40. Kennedy, W.J. 2006. Pictetia astieriana. In Révision critique de la Paléontologie Francaise d′Alcide d′Orbigny. Vol. IV Céphalopodes Crétacés, ed. J.-C. Fischer, and H. Gauthier, 139. Leiden: Backhuys Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  41. Kennedy, W.J., and W.C. Cobban. 1976. Aspects of ammonite biology, biogeography, and biostratigraphy. Special Papers in Palaeontology 17: 1–94.

    Google Scholar 

  42. Kennedy, W.J., and J.M. Hancock. 1976. The Mid-Cretaceous of the United Kingdom. Annales du Museum d’Histoire Naturelle de Nice 4: 1–72.

    Google Scholar 

  43. Kennedy, W.J., and H.C. Klinger. 1978. Cretaceous Faunas from Zululand and Natal, South Africa. The Ammonite Family Lytoceratidae Neumayr, 1875. Annals of the South African Museum 74(12): 257–333.

    Google Scholar 

  44. Kennedy, W.J., A.S. Gale, P.R. Bown, M. Caron, R.J. Davey, D. Gröcke, and D.S. Wray. 2000. Integrated stratigraphy across the Aptian-Albian boundary in the Marnes Bleues, at the Col de Pré-Guittard, Arnayon (Drome), and at Tartonne (Alpes de Haute Provence), France: a candidate Global boundary stratotype section and boundary point for the base of the Albian stage. Cretaceous Research 21: 591–720.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  45. Keupp, H. 2000. Ammoniten–Paläobiologische Erfolgsspiralen, 165. Stuttgart: Thorbecke Verlag.

    Google Scholar 

  46. Kilian, W. 1910. 2ter Teil—Das Mesozoicum, 3ter Band Kreide, Erste Abteilung: Unterkreide (Palaeocretacicum), In Lethaea Geognostica—Handbuch der Erdgeschichte, ed. F. Frech, 169–287. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart.

  47. Kudrâvcev, M.P. [Kudryavtsev, M.P.]. 1960. Ammonity, čast’ II [Ammonites, part II.], In Atlas nižnemelovoj fauny severnogo Kavkaza i Kryma [Atlas of the Lower Cretaceous fauna of the northern Caucasus and Crimea], eds. V.V. Druŝic and M.P. Kudrâvcev, 309–342. Moskva: Gostoptehizdat [Trudy VNIIGaz]. [In Russian].

  48. Kullmann, J., and J. Wiedmann. 1970. Significance of sutures in phylogeny of ammonoidea. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions 47: 1–32.

    Google Scholar 

  49. Luppov, N.P. 1952. Nizhnemelovye otlozheniya Severo-Zapadnogo Kavkaza I ikh fauna [Lower Cretaceous sediments of the Northwestern Caucasus and their fauna]. Trudy VNIGRI, Novaya Seriya 65: 1–238.

    Google Scholar 

  50. Matsumoto, T. 1980. Cephalopods from the Shimanto belt of Kochi Prefecture (Shikoku). In Geology and Paleontology of the Shimanto Belt, ed. A. Taira, and M. Tashiro, 283–298. Kochi: Rinyakosaikai Press.

    Google Scholar 

  51. Medina, F.A., and A.C. Riccardi. 2005. Desmoceratidae, Silesitidae and Kossmaticeratidae (Ammonitida) from the Upper Aptian-Albian of Patagonia (Argentina). Revue de Paléobiologie 24(1): 251–286.

    Google Scholar 

  52. Meister, C. 1986. Les ammonites du Carixien des Causses (France). Schweizerische Paläontologische Abhandlungen 109: 1–159.

    Google Scholar 

  53. Mihajlova, I.A. 1983. Sistema i filogeniâ melovyh ammonoidej [Systematics and phylogeny of the Cretaceous ammonoids], 280. Moskva: Akademiâ nauk SSSR; Izd. “Nauka” [In Russian].

  54. Monks, N. 1999. Cladistic analysis of Albian heteromorph ammonites. Palaeontology 42(5): 907–925.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  55. Müller, A.H. 1955. Über den Abbau der Skulptur bei den jurassischen und kretazischen Ammoniten. Berichte der Geologischen Gesellschaft in der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik für das Gesamtgebiet der Geologischen Wissenschaften 1(1): 15–34.

    Google Scholar 

  56. Neumayr, M. 1875. Die Ammoniten der Kreide und die Systematik der Ammonitiden. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 27(4): 854–892.

    Google Scholar 

  57. Owen, H.G. 1971. Middle Albian stratigraphy in the Anglo-Paris Basin. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology, Supplement 8: 1–164.

    Google Scholar 

  58. Pictet, F.J., and G. Campiche. 1861–1864. Description des Fossiles du Terrain crétacé des environs de Sainte-Croix, Pt. 2. In Matériaux pour la Paléontologie Suisse, ed. F.J. Pictet, 1–752. Genéve: H. Georg.

    Google Scholar 

  59. Price, F.G.H. 1874. On the Gault of Folkestone. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, London 30: 342–368.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  60. Pugin, L. 1964. Ammonites préalpines—Étude critique des Lytoceratina du Dogger. Kommission der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 80: 1–67.

    Google Scholar 

  61. Quenstedt, F.A. 1846–1849. Petrefactenkunde Deutschlands—Der ersten Abtheilung Erster Band–Cephalopoden, 580. Tübingen: Ludwig Friedrich Fues.

    Google Scholar 

  62. Riccardi, A.C., and F.A. Medina. 2002. The Beudanticeratinae and Cleoniceratinae (Ammonitida) from the Lower Albian of Patagonia. Revue de Paleobiologie 21(1): 291–351.

    Google Scholar 

  63. Rodda, P.U., and M.A. Murphy. 1992. Two occurrences of the genus Pictetia (early Cretaceous, Albian, Ammonoidea) in California. Journal of Paleontology 66(3): 435–439.

    Google Scholar 

  64. Roman, F. 1938. Les ammonites jurassique et crétacées, 554. Paris: Masson.

    Google Scholar 

  65. Salfeld, H. 1924. Die Bedeutung der Konservativstämme für die Stammesentwicklung der Ammonoideen, 16. Leipzig: Verlag von Max Weg.

    Google Scholar 

  66. Schindewolf, O.H. 1961. Studien zur Stammesgeschichte der Ammoniten; Lieferung 1. Abhandlungen der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse Jahrgang 1960(10): 1–109.

    Google Scholar 

  67. Schindewolf, O.H. 1968. Studien zur Stammesgeschichte der Ammoniten; Lieferung 7. Abhandlungen der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse Jahrgang 1968(3): 733–901.

    Google Scholar 

  68. Spath, L.F. 1923. A Monograph of the Ammonoidea of the Gault. Part 1. Palaeontographical Society Monographs 353: 1–72.

    Google Scholar 

  69. Spath, L.F. 1930. The Lower Cretaceous ammonoidea, with notes on Albian cephalopoda from Hazara. The fossil fauna of the Samana range and some neighbouring area, V. New Series 15: 50–66.

    Google Scholar 

  70. Spath, L.F. 1939. A Monograph of the Ammonoidea of the Gault. Part 13. Palaeontographical Society Monographs 415: 541–608.

    Google Scholar 

  71. Stevens, G.R. 1985. A revision of the Lytoceratinae (subclass Ammonoidea) including Lytoceras taharoaense n.sp., Upper Jurassic, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 28(1): 153–185.

  72. Szives, O., and N. Monks. 2002. Heteromorph ammonites from the Tata limestone formation (Aptian–Lower Albian), Hungary. Palaeontology 45(6): 1137–1149.

    Google Scholar 

  73. Toshimitsu, S., and H. Hirano. 2000. Database of the Cretaceous ammonoids in Japan—stratigraphic distribution and bibliography. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan 51: 559–613.

    Google Scholar 

  74. Uhlig, V. 1883. Die Cephalopodenfauna der Wernsdorfer Schichten. Denkschriften der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften 46: 127–290.

    Google Scholar 

  75. Wedekind, R. 1916. Über Lobus, Suturallobus und Inzision. Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie 8: 185–195.

    Google Scholar 

  76. Wiedmann, J. 1966. Stammesgeschichte und System der posttriadischen Ammonoideen - Ein Überblick (1. Teil). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 125: 49–79.

    Google Scholar 

  77. Wiedmann, J., and I. Dieni. 1968. Die Kreide Sardiniens und ihre Cephalopoden. Palaeontographia Italica (N.S.) 34: 1–171.

    Google Scholar 

  78. Wiedmann, J., and M.V. Kakabadze. 1993. Suture investigations and the classification of Cretaceous heteromorph ammonites. Geobios Memoir Special 15: 393–399.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  79. Wright, C.W., J.H. Callomon, and M.K. Howarth. 1996. Part L Mollusca 4 Revised Volume 4: Cretaceous Ammonoidea. In Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, 362. Boulder/Lawrence: The Geological Society of America/The University of Kansas Press.

Download references

Acknowledgments

Hoffmann acknowledges financial support by the DFG (Ke 322/32-1). We thank M. Bulang-Lörcher (FU Berlin) for suture line drawings and J. Evers (FU Berlin) for photographic works. We are grateful to C. Klug and H. Furrer (ETH Zurich) for providing the material from the Föllmi collection. Many thanks to V.J. Roden (Göttingen) for smoothening the English. We are indebted to the referees P. Bengtson (Heidelberg) and J. Lehmann (Bremen) for their keen and insightful reviews.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Frank Wiese.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hoffmann, R., Keupp, H. & Wiese, F. The systematic position of the Lower Cretaceous heteromorphic ammonite Pictetia Uhlig, 1883. Paläontol Z 83, 521 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12542-009-0036-2

Download citation

Keywords

  • Lower Cretaceous
  • Aptian
  • Albian
  • Ammonoidea
  • Ancyloceratina
  • Systematic
  • Suture

Schlüsselwörter

  • Unterkreide
  • Aptium
  • Albium
  • Ammonoidea
  • Ancyloceratina
  • Systematik
  • Sutur