Heat transfer finite element analysis (FEA) for directed energy deposition (DED) process is crucial to properly estimate the residual stress in the additive manufactured part. The material deposition of the DED process is generally simulated by activation of finite elements. However, the activation algorithm of inactive finite elements is complicated. Besides, existing element activation algorithm is not suitable for highly focused energy source. In order to overcome these discrepancies, an inactive element activation algorithm with two-element cross section has been proposed for simulating a DED process using a high intensity laser heat flux. The nodal temperature during the element activation has been evaluated. The proposed algorithm has been implemented into the heat transfer FEAs for multilayer and planar depositions to investigate the applicability of the proposed algorithm. Finally, the results of FEAs using the proposed algorithm have been compared to those of commercial software SYSWELD.
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- xe :
Mesh size in direction of deposition
Radius of laser beam
- tstep :
Relative velocity between heat source and substrate
x-Coordinate relative to moving frame of heat source
- whalf :
Half width of deposited bead
y-Coordinate relative to moving frame of heat source
- hb :
Height of deposited bead
z-Coordinate relative to moving frame of heat source
Volumetric heat flux
Efficiency of laser
Input power of laser
- dp :
Penetration depth of laser beam
x-Coordinate of node
- Vx :
Velocity in x-direction
- tlayer :
Process time during the current deposition layer
y-Coordinate of node
- Vy :
Velocity in y-direction
z-Coordinate of node
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This study was supported by research fund from Chosun University, 2017.
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Chua, B., Lee, H., Ahn, D. et al. A Study on Activation Algorithm of Finite Elements for Three-Dimensional Transient Heat Transfer Analysis of Directed Energy Deposition Process. Int. J. Precis. Eng. Manuf. 20, 863–869 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-019-00118-9
- Element activation algorithm
- Heat transfer analysis
- Directed energy deposition
- Finite element analysis