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Mechanical properties and sensitization on clad steel welding design

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We have investigated the traits of clad metals in hot-rolled clad steel plates, including the sensitization and mechanical properties of STS 316 steel plate and carbon steel (A516), under various specific circumstances regarding post heat treatment, multilayered welds, and thick or repeated welds for repair. For evaluations, sectioned weldments and external surfaces were investigated to reveal the degree of sensitization by Micro Vickers hardness, tensile, and etching tests, and the results were compared with those of EPR tests. Clad steel plates were butt-welded using SAW + SMAW, and with the time of heat treatment as the variable, heat treatment was conducted at 625°C, for 80, 160, 320, 640, and 1280 minutes. Then, the change in corrosion resistance was evaluated in these specimens. With carbon steel (A516), as the heat treatment time increased, the annealing effect caused the tensile strength to decrease. The micro-hardness gradually increased and decreased after 640 min. The elongation and contraction of the area also increased gradually. The oxalic acid etch test and EPR test on STS316, a clad metal, showed STEP structure and no sensitization. From the test results on multi-layered and repair welds, it could be concluded that there is no effect on the corrosion resistance of clad metals. The purpose of this study was to suggest some considerations for developing on-site techniques to evaluate the sensitization of stainless steels.

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Correspondence to Jae-Won Park.

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Park, JW., Lee, CK. Mechanical properties and sensitization on clad steel welding design. Int. J. Precis. Eng. Manuf. 14, 1939–1945 (2013).

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