Advertisement

Metals and Materials International

, Volume 25, Issue 5, pp 1272–1277 | Cite as

Fabrication of a Porous Ni-Based Metal with a Multi-pore Structure by a Screen Printing Process

  • Yu-Jeong Yi
  • Min-Jeong Lee
  • Jung-Yeul Yun
  • Byoung-Kee KimEmail author
Article
  • 54 Downloads

Abstract

Porous metals are commonly considered as having relatively excellent characteristics, such as a large surface area, light, lower heat capacity levels, high toughness, and good permeability. Ni alloys have high corrosion resistance, good heat resistance and chemical stability for high-temperature applications. In this study, porous Ni-based metals for hydrogen reformer catalyst support are developed with Ni alloys, in this case Ni–Cr powder (28 μm), NiO powder (2 μm), and a fine Ni powder (< 1 μm). Ni–Cr powders are spread onto Al2O3 substrate by a printing process. Ni-based foam is then placed on the printed powder and a loading plate. These are sintered at 1200 °C under a high vacuum condition. The NiO powder and the fine Ni powder slurry are then screen-printed sequentially on the double structure (NiCr-coated Ni foam). In this study, the fine Ni powder is printed one, three, and five passes. The porous Ni alloys, which have double-pore structure, triple-pore structure and quadruple-pore structure, are fabricated by screen printing processes. With increased stacking of the pore structure, the porosity decreased from 86 to 82%, and the pore sizes decreased from 6.25 to 0.3 μm. The porosity and pore size of the multi-pore structure can be controlled by the size of powder and screen printing process.

Keywords

Porous metal Ni alloy Screen printing Porosity Pore size 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the 2017 Research Fund of University of Ulsan (Grant No. 1).

References

  1. 1.
    K.J. Boo, S.M. Jo, Korea Energy Economics Inst. 6, 48 (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S.K. Lim, S.W. Nam, J.M. Bae, Korean Soc. Mech. Eng. 30, 850 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    G.B. Hawkins, GBH Enterprise Ltd., Chicago, 23, 33 (2013)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B.U. Koo, S.I. Lee, D.H. Park, J.Y. Yun, B.K. Kim, Korean Powder Metall. Inst. 22, 100–104 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R.A. Steven, P.E.J. Flewitt, Mater. Sci. Eng 37, 237 (1979)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H.B. Song, J.K. Yang, K.H. Seong, D.M. Seo, D.H. Kang, Y.H. Choa, Korean Cryst. Growth Cryst. Technol. 17, 210–216 (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Hakamada, T. Nomura, Y. Yamada, Y. Chino, H. Hosokawa, T. Nakajima, Y. Chen, H. Kusuda, M. Mabuchi, J. Mater. Res. 20, 3387 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wolfgang Peukert, Filter Sep. 35, 461 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    K.H. Jung, J.W. Ahn, J.H. Bae, J.H. Jang, Korea Energy Economics Inst. 7, 15–18 (2008)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    International Standard ISO 4022-1977 (E)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu-Jeong Yi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Min-Jeong Lee
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jung-Yeul Yun
    • 1
  • Byoung-Kee Kim
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Metal Powder DepartmentKorea Institute of Materials Science (KIMS)ChangwonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of UlsanUlsanRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations