Skip to main content

Effect of Asymmetric Hot Rolling on the Texture Evolution of Fe–3%Si Steel


In Fe–3%Si steel, the hot rolling process affects not only the hot rolling texture but also the primary recrystallization texture. Here, the effect of asymmetric hot rolling was studied by comparing the difference in the texture evolved between asymmetric and symmetric hot rolling. The effect of asymmetric hot rolling on the texture of primary recrystallized Fe–3%Si steel was also studied. The symmetric hot rolling of Fe–3%Si steel produces a rotated cube texture at the center but Goss and copper textures near the surface. Asymmetric hot rolling tends to produce Goss and copper textures even at the center like the texture near the surface. After primary recrystallization, the dominant texture at the center changes from {001} <210> to {111} <112> and the new texture has a higher fraction of the grains which make the low energy boundary with Goss grains than that of symmetric hot rolling.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7


  1. N.P. Goss, Trans. Am. Soc. Met. 23, 511 (1935)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. H.K. Park, J.H. Kang, C.S. Park, C.H. Han, N.M. Hwang, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 528, 3228 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. H.J. Bunge, Z. Metallkunde 56, 872 (1965)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. D.N. Lee, H.T. Jeong, Scr. Mater. 38, 1219 (1998)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. M. Matsuo, T. Sakai, Y. Suga, Metall. Trans. A 17, 1313 (1986)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. J. Boeslau, D. Raabe, Proc. Mater. Sci. Forum, ed. by H. J. Bunge, p. 501, Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland (1994)

  7. D. Raabe, Steel Res. Int. 66, 222 (1995)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. H.S. Shim, N.M. Hwang, Korean J. Met. Mater. 52, 663 (2014)

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references


This work was financially and technically supported by POSCO Technical Research Laboratories and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP) (No. 2015R1A5A1037627).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Nong-Moon Hwang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Na, TW., Park, HK., Park, CS. et al. Effect of Asymmetric Hot Rolling on the Texture Evolution of Fe–3%Si Steel. Met. Mater. Int. 24, 1369–1375 (2018).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Metals
  • Rolling
  • Texture
  • EBSD
  • Asymmetric hot rolling