Metals and Materials International

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 576–581 | Cite as

Immobilization of Cr (VI) in stainless steel slag and Cd, As, and Pb in wastewater using blast furnace slag via a hydrothermal treatment

  • Soon-Jae Tae
  • Kazuki Morita


The immobilization of hexavalent chromium in stainless steel slag using blast furnace slag as the immobilizing agent and by performing a hydrothermal treatment was investigated. The results showed that there was no immobilization in the absence of the blast furnace slag. On the other hand, the hexavalent chromium in stainless steel slag could be immobilized through the hydrothermal reaction when blast furnace slag was used at 250 °C for 24 h. A leaching test was performed to evaluate the degree of immobilization of hexavalent chromium in the products formed by the hydrothermal reaction. It was found that the degree of immobilization was very high. Based on the results obtained, the immobilization mechanism of hexavalent chromium in stainless steel slag, resulting from the hydrothermal treatment of blast furnace slag, could be elucidated. Finally, the immobilization of cadmium, lead, and arsenic using blast furnace slag as the immobilization agent was also studied while focusing on the effects of the hydrothermal treatment.


hydrotheraml treatment immobilization oxide recycling phase transforamtion 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Formerly a Graduate Student at Department of Material Engineering, The University of Tokyo. Now at Steelmaking Technology Development TeamR&D Center of Hyundai Steel CorporationDangjinRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Material EngineeringThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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