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Real-time vessel behavior prediction

Abstract

Vessel traffic management systems (VTMS) and vessel traffic monitoring information systems (VTMIS) have been available for a number of years now. These systems have significantly contributed to increasing the efficiency and safety of operations at sea. However, nowadays, risks at sea are once again on the rise, thus demanding an evolution in VTMS and VTMIS, such that they can support a human operator’s better understanding of the complex reality at sea and enhance his or her decision-making in light of danger. A critical requirement of such systems, is that they exhibit the ability to for-see unfolding cautious and potentially hazardous situations, so as to propose measures of danger avoidance. In this study, we employ machine learning, and specifically artificial neural networks, as a tool to add predictive capacity to VTMIS. The main objective of this study is to implement a publicly accessible, web-based system capable of real time learning and accurately predicting any vessels future behavior in low computational time. This work describes our approach, design choices, implementation and evaluation details, while we present a proof of concept prototype system. Our proposal can potentially be used as the predictive foundation for various intelligent systems, including vessel collision prevention, vessel route planning, operation efficiency estimation and even anomaly detection systems.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported in part by MarineTraffic Research.

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Correspondence to Dimitrios Zissis.

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Zissis, D., Xidias, E.K. & Lekkas, D. Real-time vessel behavior prediction. Evolving Systems 7, 29–40 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12530-015-9133-5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12530-015-9133-5

Keywords

  • Vessel behavior prediction
  • Machine learning
  • Web based intelligent systems
  • Artificial neural networks
  • Web based machine learning
  • Applied soft computing
  • MarineTraffic