The strategies patients use to cope with chronic pain are key determinants of pain-related treatment outcomes and are often targeted in psychosocial interventions for chronic pain. However, improvements in coping often fade after intervention completion. Here, we test whether previously reported improvements in coping following two novel mind–body and activity interventions are maintained 3 months after completion.
Eighty-two patients with heterogeneous chronic pain were randomized to two identical mind–body and activity interventions, one with the addition of a Fitbit device (GetActive-Fitbit) and one without it (GetActive; n = 41 each). Participants completed measures of pain-catastrophizing, kinesiophobia, mindfulness, adaptive coping, and pain-resilience at baseline, post-intervention, and at 3-month follow-up.
At follow-up, participants in both groups exhibited sustained improvements in all five coping measures compared to baseline (significant in both groups for all measures except for p = .05 in kinesiophobia in GetActive and p = .07 in pain resilience in GetActive-Fitbit).
Overall, GetActive and GetcActive-Fitbit are promising interventions to sustainably improve coping with chronic pain.
This trial is registered under ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03412916.
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This study was funded by two grants from the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health: 1R34AT009356-01A1 awarded to the senior author, and 1K23AT010653-01A1 awarded to the first author.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board at the MGH.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
Research Involving Human and Animal Participants
This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.
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The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
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Greenberg, J., Singh, T., Popok, P.J. et al. Sustainability of Improvements in Adaptive Coping Following Mind–Body and Activity Training for Chronic Pain. Int.J. Behav. Med. (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-021-09971-3
- Chronic pain
- Pain catastrophizing