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Unique Contributions of Acceptance and Catastrophizing on Chronic Pain Adaptation

Abstract

Purpose

Pain catastrophizing and acceptance represent distinct but interrelated constructs that influence adaptation to chronic pain. Clinical and laboratory research suggest that higher levels of catastrophizing and lower levels of acceptance predict worse functioning; however, findings have been mixed regarding which specific outcomes are associated with each construct. The current study evaluates these constructs in relation to pain, affect, and functioning in a treatment-seeking clinical sample.

Method

Participants included 249 adult patients who were admitted to an interdisciplinary chronic pain rehabilitation program and completed measures of pain and related psychological and physical functioning.

Results

Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that pain catastrophizing and acceptance both significantly, but differentially, predicted depressive symptoms and pain-related negative affect. Only pain catastrophizing was a unique predictor of perceived pain severity, whereas acceptance uniquely predicted pain interference and performance in everyday living activities. There were no significant interactions between acceptance and catastrophizing, suggesting no moderation effects.

Conclusion

Findings from the current study indicate a pattern of results similar to prior studies in which greater levels of catastrophic thinking is associated with higher perceived pain intensity whereas greater levels of acceptance relate to better functioning in activities despite chronic pain. However, in the current study, both acceptance and catastrophizing were associated with negative affect. These relationships were significant beyond the effects of clinical and demographic variables. These results support the role of pain acceptance as an important contribution to chronic pain-related outcomes alongside the well-established role of pain catastrophizing. Results are limited by reliance on self-report data, cross-sectional design, and low racial/ethnic diversity.

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Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Wesley P. Gilliam.

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Funding

No funding was received for this study.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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No financial disclosures.

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Cite this article

Craner, J.R., Sperry, J.A., Koball, A.M. et al. Unique Contributions of Acceptance and Catastrophizing on Chronic Pain Adaptation. Int.J. Behav. Med. 24, 542–551 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-017-9646-3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-017-9646-3

Keywords

  • Catastrophization
  • Chronic pain/psychology
  • Psychological adaptation