International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 662–671 | Cite as

Dieting Increases the Likelihood of Subsequent Obesity and BMI Gain: Results from a Prospective Study of an Australian National Sample

  • Mohammad Siahpush
  • Melissa Tibbits
  • Raees A. Shaikh
  • Gopal K. Singh
  • Asia Sikora Kessler
  • Terry T.-K. Huang
Article

Abstract

Background

Diet is a major determinant of obesity; however, findings from the studies examining how dieting to lose weight affects weight gain have been inconclusive.

Purpose

Our aim was to examine the longitudinal association of frequency of dieting for weight loss with (a) obesity status and (b) body mass index (BMI) change.

Methods

We used data from Waves 9 (2009) and 10 (2010) of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. Binominal logistic regression estimated the association of frequency of dieting in 2009 on probability of obesity in 2010. Multinomial logistic regression estimated the association of frequency of dieting in 2009 on the probability of BMI gain versus BMI maintenance and BMI loss between 2009 and 2010. The analysis sample size was 8824.

Results

Compared to those who were never on a diet in the previous year, the odds of obesity were 1.9, 2.9, and 3.2 times higher among those who were on a diet once, more than once, and always, respectively. Similarly, the odds of BMI gain versus BMI maintenance and also versus BMI loss were higher among those who dieted than those who did not.

Conclusions

Dieting to lose weight can contribute to the risk of future obesity and weight gain. Losing weight requires a commitment to change one’s lifestyle and a sustained effort to maintain a healthy diet and engage in physical activity.

Keywords

Dieting Obesity Weight gain Body mass index Weight loss Weight change 

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Copyright information

© International Society of Behavioral Medicine 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Siahpush
    • 1
  • Melissa Tibbits
    • 2
  • Raees A. Shaikh
    • 2
  • Gopal K. Singh
    • 3
  • Asia Sikora Kessler
    • 2
  • Terry T.-K. Huang
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Health Promotion, Social and Behavioral Health, College of Public HealthUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  2. 2.College of Public HealthUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  3. 3.US Department of Health and Human ServicesRockvilleUSA

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