How Does Workaholism Affect Worker Health and Performance? The Mediating Role of Coping
- 1.3k Downloads
The underlying mechanisms connecting workaholism on the one hand and ill-health and performance on the other hand have to date hardly been examined empirically.
The aim was to study the mediating role of coping (i.e., active coping and emotional discharge) in the relationship between workaholism, ill-health (i.e., psychological distress and physical complaints), and job performance.
A theory-based model was tested among 757 employees of a Japanese construction machinery company.
Workaholism was positively related to active coping, which was, in its turn, negatively associated with ill-health and positively with job performance. Workaholism was also positively related to emotional discharge, which was positively associated with ill-health. In addition, workaholism was positively and directly related to ill-health, whereas it was not significantly related to job performance.
Workaholism is associated with both active coping and emotional discharge. Active coping leads to better health and performance, whereas emotional discharge leads to poor health. In addition, workaholism coincides with poor health. Since the costs for workaholics themselves (in terms of ill-health) are high, workaholism has on average adverse effects on health and performance.
KeywordsWorkaholism Coping Psychological distress Physical complaints Job performance
- 1.Jones F, Burke RJ, Westman M. Work-life balance: key issues. In: Jones F, Burke RJ, Westman M, editors. Work-life balance: a psychological perspective. East Sussex: Psychology; 2006. p. 1–9.Google Scholar
- 9.Taris TW, Schaufeli WB, Shimazu A. The push and pull of work: About the differences between workaholism and work engagement. In: Bakker AB, Leiter MP, editors. Work engagement: a handbook of essential theory and research. East Sussex: Psychology; 2010 (in press).Google Scholar
- 13.Eriksen HR, Olff M, Ursin H. Coping with subjective health problems in organizations. In: Dewe P, Leiter M, Cox T, editors. Coping, health and organizations. New York: Taylor and Francis; 2000. p. 34–51.Google Scholar
- 14.Pierce GR, Sarason IG, Sarason BR. Coping and social support. In: Zeidner M, Endler NS, editors. Handbook of coping: theory, research, applications. New York: Wiley; 1996. p. 434–51.Google Scholar
- 15.De Rijk AE, Le Blanc PM, Schaufeli WB, De Jonge J. Active coping and need for control as moderators of the job demand-control model: effects on burn out. J Occup Organ Psych. 1998;71:1–18.Google Scholar
- 17.Kageyama T, Kobayashi T, Kawashima M, Kanamaru Y. Development of the Brief Scales for Coping Profiles (BSCP) for workers: basic information about its reliability and validity. San Ei Shi. 2004;46:103–14. in Japanese.Google Scholar
- 24.Schaufeli WB, Taris TW, Bakker AB. Dr Jekyll or Mr Hyde? On the differences between work engagement and workaholism. In: Burke RJ, editor. Research companion to working time and work addiction. Cheltenham: Elgar; 2006. p. 193–217.Google Scholar
- 25.Shimomitsu T, Yokoyama K, Ono Y, et al. Development of a novel brief job stress questionnaire. In: Kato S, editor. Report of the research grant for the prevention of work-related diseases from the Ministry of Labour. Tokyo: Ministry of Labour; 1998. p. 107–15. in Japanese.Google Scholar
- 29.Arbuckle JL. Amos (version 7.0) [computer program]. Chicago: SPSS; 2006.Google Scholar
- 30.Jöreskog KG, Sörbom D. LISREL user guide version VI. 4th ed. Mooresville: Scientific Software International; 1986.Google Scholar
- 32.Cudeck R, Browne MW. Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In: Bollen KA, Long JS, editors. Testing structural equation models. Newbury Park: Sage; 1993. p. 1–9.Google Scholar
- 33.Hoyle RH. The structural equation modeling approach: basic concepts and fundamental issues. In: Hoyle RH, editor. Structural equation modeling: concepts, issues, and applications. Thousand Oaks: Sage; 1995. p. 1–15.Google Scholar
- 38.Taris TW, Kompier M. Challenges in longitudinal designs in occupational health psychology. Scand J Work Env Hea. 2003;29:1–4.Google Scholar
- 41.Van Wijhe C, Schaufeli WB, Peeters MCW. Understanding and treating workaholism: setting the stage for successful interventions. In: Cooper CL, Burke RJ, editors. Psychological and behavioural risks at work. Chichester: Wiley; 2010 (in press).Google Scholar
- 42.Zijlstra FRH. Effort as energy regulation. In: Battmann W, Dutke S, editors. Processes of the molar regulation of behavior. Berlin: Pabst Science; 1996. p. 219–35.Google Scholar
- 43.Schabracq MJ. Well-being and health. What HRM can do about it. In: Burke RJ, Cooper CL, editors. Reinventing HRM. London: Routledge; 2005. p. 187–206.Google Scholar