An expansion of the Will, Skill, Tool Model of Technology Integration to include teacher’s pedagogical style is proposed by the authors as a means of advancing the predictive power of the model for level of classroom technology integration to beyond 90 %. Suggested advantages to this expansion include more precise identification of areas to be targeted for teacher professional development, and the prospect for aligning teaching-with-technology style with student learning styles, in order to better serve educational system goals such as student engagement, learning and achievement. Initial findings are that pedagogical preference or style regarding old and new technologies accounts for approximately 30 % of level of classroom technology integration. The authors contend this is worthy of retaining as a fundamental model improvement.
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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest due to external funding.
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Knezek, G., Christensen, R. Extending the will, skill, tool model of technology integration: adding pedagogy as a new model construct. J Comput High Educ 28, 307–325 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12528-016-9120-2
- Technology integration
- Access to technology tools