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The marine catfishes of the genus Bagre (Siluriformes; Ariidae) from the Western Atlantic

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The marine catfishes of the family Ariidae present an ample range of life histories. Although most species are demersal, and are common in estuaries and coastal zones, species of the genus Bagre Cloquet, 1816, are pelagic and are typical of coastal and offshore environments. While the genus Bagre is a well-defined monophyletic group, the taxonomy of its species is complex, and the four recognized species include a total of 12 synonyms. Based on morphological and molecular data, we provide a redescription of Bagre marinus Mitchill, 1815, restricting its geographic range to the Gulf of Mexico and the southeastern coast of the USA. We also resurrect Bagre filamentosus Swainson, 1839 (formerly a junior synonym of B. marinus), a species endemic to the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic coast of South America. Finally, we redescribe Bagre bagre Linnaeus, 1766, clarifying geographic range of all species. Our study contributes to the alpha taxonomy of the genus Bagre and to biogeographic and evolutionary history of its species in the western Atlantic.

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We are grateful to all zoological collection curators who contributed to the preparation of this manuscript. The authors would like to express their gratitude to the anonymous reviewers who greatly contributed in the preparation of the final version of the manuscript. Wagner Santos Rosa in the revision of figure 3 and Dione Seripierri (MZUSP) in the formatting of the references.


Programa de Capacitação Intitucional (Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações/ Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, process 444338/2018–7 and 300675/2019–4 to APM). Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, grants 2018/20610–1, 2016/09204–6, 2014/26508–3, and Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, process 306054/2006–0 (CO).

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Correspondence to Alexandre P. Marceniuk.

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All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

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All necessary permits for sampling were obtained. All genetic sequences have been deposited into NCBI GenBank.

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All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Alexandre Pires Marceniuk made a special contribution to analysis and morphological descriptions. Ricardo Betancur-R., Claudio Oliveira and Braulio de Luna Sales offered a special contribution to molecular analyzes and descriptions.

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Communicated by R. Thiel

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Marceniuk, A.P., Oliveira, C., Sales, J.B.L. et al. The marine catfishes of the genus Bagre (Siluriformes; Ariidae) from the Western Atlantic. Mar. Biodivers. 52, 12 (2022).

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