First extensive account of the phylum Kinorhyncha from Haiti and the Dominican Republic (Caribbean Sea), with the description of four new species

Abstract

Several meiofaunal samplings along the continental slope of Central America and the Antilles through the Caribbean Sea have revealed a rich kinorhynch fauna of undescribed species. The present contribution includes the description of two new species of the allomalorhagid genera Cristaphyes Sánchez et al., 2016 and Fujuriphyes Sánchez et al., 2016 and two new species of the cyclorhagid genus Echinoderes Claparède, 1863, as well as the first record of the previously known Cristaphyes longicornis (Higgins, 1983), Echinoderes astridae Sørensen, 2014, Echinoderes horni Higgins, 1983, Echinoderes imperforatus Higgins, 1983 and Echinoderes spinifurca Sørensen et al., 2005 for Haiti and the Dominican Republic (Hispaniola Island, Greater Antilles) together with new morphological information of the former. All the new species are formally described. Furthermore, we discuss the possibility of an expansion in the intraspecific morphological variation of C. longicornis, geographical remarks on the Caribbean Kinorhyncha and compare the morphological differences between the newly described species and their most similar congeners.

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Acknowledgements

We thank Kathryn Ahlfeld and Dr. Jon L. Norenburg from the Smithsonian Institution of Washington for their efficiency in sending the examined material and Dr. Robert P. Higgins for collecting the material and making it available for all researchers. We also thank Dr. M. V. Sørensen and Dr. H. Yamasaki for their useful revision, suggestions and comments that strongly improved the present paper. Cepeda was supported by a predoctoral fellowship of the Complutense University of Madrid (CT27/16-CT28/16).

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Correspondence to Diego Cepeda.

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This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Sampling and field studies

All necessary permits for sampling and observational field studies have been obtained by the authors from the competent authorities and are mentioned in the acknowledgements, if applicable.

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This article is registered in ZooBank under urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub: D10BC214-CD04-4543-B6C0-9A3A2700CD97.

Cristaphyes retractilis sp. nov. is registered in Zoobank under urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:3D46B431-40FA-4415-B00C-63811B07252B.

Fujuriphyes dalii sp. nov. is registered in Zoobank under urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:0C1C372B-1EA0-4B0B-854A-53D5AA947B33.

Echinoderes brevipes sp. nov. is registered in Zoobank under urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:4E5899A5-85C8-44C1-B3C5-21A71C6C00A7.

Echinoderes parahorni sp. nov. is registered in Zoobank under urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:F8FA16F5-75FC-47BB-A56D-7A3FF59EF0CE

Communicated by S. Gollner

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Cepeda, D., Sánchez, N. & Pardos, F. First extensive account of the phylum Kinorhyncha from Haiti and the Dominican Republic (Caribbean Sea), with the description of four new species. Mar Biodiv 49, 2281–2309 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-019-00963-x

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Keywords

  • Kinorhynchs
  • Taxonomy
  • Morphology
  • Echinoderes
  • Cristaphyes
  • Fujuriphyes