Advertisement

First extensive account of the phylum Kinorhyncha from Haiti and the Dominican Republic (Caribbean Sea), with the description of four new species

  • Diego CepedaEmail author
  • Nuria Sánchez
  • Fernando Pardos
Original Paper

Abstract

Several meiofaunal samplings along the continental slope of Central America and the Antilles through the Caribbean Sea have revealed a rich kinorhynch fauna of undescribed species. The present contribution includes the description of two new species of the allomalorhagid genera Cristaphyes Sánchez et al., 2016 and Fujuriphyes Sánchez et al., 2016 and two new species of the cyclorhagid genus Echinoderes Claparède, 1863, as well as the first record of the previously known Cristaphyes longicornis (Higgins, 1983), Echinoderes astridae Sørensen, 2014, Echinoderes horni Higgins, 1983, Echinoderes imperforatus Higgins, 1983 and Echinoderes spinifurca Sørensen et al., 2005 for Haiti and the Dominican Republic (Hispaniola Island, Greater Antilles) together with new morphological information of the former. All the new species are formally described. Furthermore, we discuss the possibility of an expansion in the intraspecific morphological variation of C. longicornis, geographical remarks on the Caribbean Kinorhyncha and compare the morphological differences between the newly described species and their most similar congeners.

Keywords

Kinorhynchs Taxonomy Morphology Echinoderes Cristaphyes Fujuriphyes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Kathryn Ahlfeld and Dr. Jon L. Norenburg from the Smithsonian Institution of Washington for their efficiency in sending the examined material and Dr. Robert P. Higgins for collecting the material and making it available for all researchers. We also thank Dr. M. V. Sørensen and Dr. H. Yamasaki for their useful revision, suggestions and comments that strongly improved the present paper. Cepeda was supported by a predoctoral fellowship of the Complutense University of Madrid (CT27/16-CT28/16).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Sampling and field studies

All necessary permits for sampling and observational field studies have been obtained by the authors from the competent authorities and are mentioned in the acknowledgements, if applicable.

Data availability statement

Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.

References

  1. Adrianov AV (1989) The first report on Kinorhyncha of the Sea of Japan. Zool Zh 68:17–27Google Scholar
  2. Adrianov AV, Malakhov VV (1999) Cephalorhyncha of the world ocean. KMK Scientific Press, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  3. Briggs J (1995) Global biogeography. Elsevier Science, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  4. Brown R, Higgins RP (1983) A new species of Kinorhynchus (Homalorhagida, Pycnophyidae) from Australia with a redescription and range extension of other Kinorhyncha from the South Pacific. Zool Scr 12(3):161–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Claparède ARE (1863) Zur Kenntnis der Gattung Echinoderes Duj. Beobachtungen über Anatomie und Entwicklungsgeschichte wirbelloser Thiere an der Küste von Normandie angestellt. Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  6. Fleeger JW, Thistle D, Thiel H (1988) Sampling Equipment. In: Higgins RP, Thiel H (eds) Introduction to the study of meiofauna, 1st edn. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., pp 115–133Google Scholar
  7. Herranz M, Boyle MJ, Pardos F, Neves RC (2014a) Comparative myoanatomy of Echinoderes (Kinorhyncha): a comprehensive investigation by CLSM and 3D reconstruction. Front Zool 11:31CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Herranz M, Sánchez N, Pardos F, Higgins RP (2014b) New Kinorhyncha from Florida coastal waters. Helgol Mar Res 68:59–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Higgins RP (1964) Three new kinorhynchs from the North Carolina coast. Bull Mar Sci 14:479–493Google Scholar
  10. Higgins RP (1967) The Kinorhyncha of new-Caledonia. In: Expédition Française Sur les Recifs Coralliens de la nouvelle-Calédonie 2, 1st edn. Fondation Singer-Polignac, Paris, pp 75–90Google Scholar
  11. Higgins RP (1977) Two new species of Echinoderes (Kinorhyncha) from South Carolina. Trans Am Microsc Soc 96:340–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Higgins RP (1983) The Atlantic Barrier Reef ecosystem at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, II: Kinorhyncha. Smithson Contrib Mar Sci (18):1–131Google Scholar
  13. Higgins RP (1988) Kinorhyncha. In: Higgins RP, Thiel H (eds) Introduction to the study of meiofauna, 1st edn. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., pp 328–331Google Scholar
  14. Higgins RP, Rao GC (1979) Kinorhynchs from the Andaman Islands. Zool J Linnean Soc 67:75–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kirsteuer E (1964) Zur Kenntnis der Kinorhynchen Venezuelas. Zool Anz 173:388–393Google Scholar
  16. Lang K (1949) Echinoderida. Further zoological results of the Swedish Antarctic expedition 1901–1903 4:1–22Google Scholar
  17. Lang K (1953) Reports of the Lund University Chile expedition 1948-1949. 9. Echinoderida. Acta Univ Lund 49(4):3–8Google Scholar
  18. Menzies RJ (1968) Transport of marine life between oceans through the Panama Canal. Nature 220:802–803CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Miloslavich P, Díaz JM, Klein E, Alvarado JJ, Díaz C, Gobin J, Escobar-Briones E, Cruz-Motta JJ, Weil E, Cortés J, Bastidas AC, Robertson R, Zapata F, Martín A, Castillo J, Kazandjian A, Ortiz M (2010) Marine biodiversity in the Caribbean: regional estimates and distribution patterns. PLoS ONE 5(8): e11916.Google Scholar
  20. Neuhaus B (2013) 5. Kinorhyncha (=Echinodera). In: Schmidt-Rhaesa A (ed) Handbook of zoology. Gastrotricha, Cycloneuralia and Gnathifera. Volume 1: Nematomorpha, Priapulida, Kinorhyncha, Loricifera, 1st edn. De Gruyter, Göttingen, pp 181–348Google Scholar
  21. Neuhaus B, Pardos F, Sørensen MV, Higgins RP (2014) New species of Centroderes (Kinorhyncha: Cyclorhagida) from the Northwest Atlantic Ocean, life cycle and ground pattern of the genus. Zootaxa 3901:1–69CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Omer-Cooper J (1957) Deux nouvelles especes de Kinorhyncha en Provenance de l'Afrique du Sud. Bull Mens Soc Linn Lyon 26:213–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ostmann A, Nordhaus I, Sørensen MV (2012) First recording of kinorhynchs from Java, with the description of a new brackish water species from a mangrove-fringed lagoon. Mar Biodivers 42:79–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pardos F, Sánchez N, Herranz M (2016a) Two sides of a coin: the phylum Kinorhyncha in Panama. I Caribbean Panama. Zool Anz 265:3–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pardos F, Herranz M, Sánchez N (2016b) Two sides of a coin: the phylum Kinorhyncha in Panama. II Pacific Panama. Zool Anz 265:26–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Reinhard W (1881) Uber Echinoderes und Desmoscolex der Umgebung von Odessa. Zool Anz 4:588–592Google Scholar
  27. Roberts CM, McClean CJ, Veron JE, Hawkins JP, Allen GR, McAllister DE, Mittermeier CG, Schueler FW, Spalding M, Wells F, Vynne C, Werner TB (2002) Marine biodiversity hotspots and conservation priorities for tropical reefs. Science 295:1280–1284CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Ros M, Ashton GV, Lacerda MB, Carlton JT, Vázquez-Luis M, Guerra-García JM, Ruiz GM (2014) The Panama Canal and the transoceanic dispersal of marine invertebrates: evaluation of the introduced amphipod Paracaprella pusilla Mayer, 1890 in the Pacific Ocean. Mar Environ Res 99:204–211CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Sánchez N, Yamasaki H (2016) Two new Pycnophyidae species (Kinorhyncha: Allomalorhagida) from Japan lacking ventral tubes in males. Zool Anz 265:80–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sánchez N, Herranz M, Benito J, Pardos F (2012) Kinorhyncha from the Iberian Peninsula: new data from the first intensive sampling campaigns. Zootaxa 3402:24–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sánchez N, Yamasaki H, Pardos F, Sørensen MV, Martínez A (2016) Morphology disentangles the systematics of a ubiquitous but elusive meiofaunal group (Kinorhyncha: Pycnophyidae). Cladistics 32:479–505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sánchez N, Sørensen MV, Landers SC (2019) Pycnophyidae (Kinorhyncha: Allomalorhagida) from the Gulf of Mexico: Fujuriphyes viserioni sp. nov. and a redescription of Leiocanthus langi (Higgins, 1964), with notes on its intraspecific variation. Mar Biodivers.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-019-00947-x.
  33. Schloder C, Canning-Clode J, Saltonstall K, Strong EE, Ruiz GM, Torchin ME (2013) The Pacific bivalve Anomia peruviana in the Atlantic: a recent invasion across the Panama Canal? Aquat Invasions 8:443–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sørensen MV (2006) New kinorhynchs from Panama, with a discussion of some phylogenetically significant cuticular structures. Meiofauna Mar 15:51–77Google Scholar
  35. Sørensen MV (2007) A new species of Antygomonas (Kinorhyncha: Cyclorhagida) from the Atlantic coast of Florida, USA. Cah Biol Mar 48:155–168Google Scholar
  36. Sørensen MV (2014) First account of echinoderid kinorhynchs from Brazil, with the description of three new species. Mar Biodivers 44:251–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sørensen MV, Pardos F (2008) Kinorhynch systematics and biology—an introduction to the study of kinorhynchs, inclusive identification keys to the genera. Meiofauna Mar 16:21–73Google Scholar
  38. Sørensen MV, Heiner I, Ziemer O (2005) A new species of Echinoderes from Florida (Kinorhyncha: Cyclorhagida). Proc Biol Soc Wash 118:499–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sørensen MV, Rho HS, Min WG, Kim D, Chang CY (2012) An exploration of Echinoderes (Kinorhyncha: Cyclorhagida) in Korean and neighboring waters, with the description of four new species and a redescription of E. tchefouensis Lou, 1934. Zootaxa 3368:161–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sørensen MV, Dal Zotto M, Rho HS, Herranz M, Sánchez N, Pardos F, Yamasaki H (2015) Phylogeny of Kinorhyncha based on morphology and two molecular loci. PLoS ONE 10(7): e0133440Google Scholar
  41. Sørensen MV, Herranz M, Landers SC (2016) A new species of Echinoderes (Kinorhyncha: Cyclorhagida) from the Gulf of Mexico, with a redescription of Echinoderes bookhouti Higgins, 1964. Zool Anz 265:48–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Timm RW (1958) Two new species of Echinoderella (phylum Kinorhyncha) from the Bay of Bengal. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 55:107–109Google Scholar
  43. Yamasaki H, Fujimoto S (2014) Two new species in the Echinoderes coulli group (Echinoderidae, Cyclorhagida, Kinorhyncha) from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan. ZooKeys 382:27–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Zelinka C (1894) über die Organisation von Echinoderes. Verh Dtsch Zool Ges 4:46–49Google Scholar
  45. Zelinka C (1896) Demonstration von Tafeln der Echinoderes Monographie. Verh Dtsch Zool Ges 6:197–199Google Scholar
  46. Zelinka C (1928) Monographie der Echinodera. Engelmann, LeipzigGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biodiversity, Ecology and Evolution, Faculty of Biological SciencesComplutense University of MadridMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations