Tropical Eastern Pacific Amphoriscidae Dendy, 1892 (Porifera: Calcarea: Calcaronea: Leucosolenida) from the Peruvian coast

Abstract

Two new species of Amphoriscidae Dendy, 1892 (Porifera Grant, 1836: Calcarea Bowerbank, 1862: Leucosolenida Hartman, 1958) from the northern coast of Peru, Tropical Eastern Pacific, are described integrating molecules and morphology. Leucilla mancoraensis sp. nov. is a tube-shaped sponge with apical osculum, sylleibid aquiferous system, and a skeleton composed of cortical triactines and giant tetractines, thick subatrial triactines, and atrial tetractines with short apical actines. Paraleucilla tarazonai sp. nov. is the first record of Paraleucilla Dendy, 1892 for the Eastern Pacific and presents a skeleton formed of cortical microdiactines, diactines, triactines, and tetractines, subatrial triactines, and atrial triactines and tetractines. These two species are provisionally endemic to the northern coast of Peru (Guayaquil ecoregion). Our phylogenetic analysis, which included the largest number of Amphoriscidae species, was congruent with previous studies. The family Amphoriscidae including an Amphoriscus Haeckel, 1870 species as well as the genera Leucilla Haeckel, 1872 and Paraleucilla were recovered as non-monophyletic groups. Despite being polyphyletic, information on species distribution of this family is relevant for diversity studies; consequently, we present the geographic distribution of each genus of Amphoriscidae.

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Abbreviations

GW:

Gert Wörheide

IRB:

Institut Ruđer Bošković, Zagreb, Croatia

MNRJ:

Museu Nacional of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

PMR:

Prirodoslovni Muzej Rijeka, Croatia

QM:

Queensland Museum, Australia

RMNH:

Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Histoire Leiden, Netherlands

SAM:

South Australian Museum, Australia

UFRJPOR:

Porifera collection of the Biology Institute of Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

WAMZ:

Zoological collection of the Western Australian Museum, Perth, Australia

ZMA.POR:

Zoölogisch Museum, Instituut voor Systematiek en Populatiebiologie, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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Acknowledgements

We thank the field staff (F. Menendez and M. Rios) for assistance in collecting samples. We also thank Gisele Lôbo-Hajdu (UERJ), students, and biologists from both Peru and Brazil (B. Ibañez, F. Menendez, M. Rios, C. Segami, and W. Vieira) for assistance in collecting samples on different expeditions.

Funding

ESPER Project granted to RBINS was funded by the Global Taxonomy Initiative from the Belgian Development Cooperation (ESPER Project, 2419JVG2, 2431JVG2, and 2433FRK2); Proyecto EsponjAS was funded by the National Council of Technological and Scientific Development (CNPq/PROSUL –490425/2007-0; CNPq/Universal 476558/2012-3; CNPq/Universal 476597/2013-7) and by the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES/Protax – 561782/2010-5). The collection of samples was performed thanks to RBINS diving gear. BCL and FA received scholarships from CAPES. PhW was supported by travel grant #18834 from the FNRS (Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique) to conduct part of this study at MNRJ and UFRJ. YH obtained travel funds from the GTIBDC. MK received a fellowship from CNPq (302459/2014-6) and CAPES (440628/2015-6).

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Correspondence to Michelle Klautau.

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Leucilla mancoraensis sp. nov. is registered in ZooBank under urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:F7BA6F47-9205-4F93-950B-43A96970DDFD Paraleucilla tarazonai sp. nov. is registered in ZooBank under urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:03448075-D3C5-445B-AFC5-5DCA800EE07E

This article is registered in ZooBank under urn:lsid:zoobank.org: pub:2E7AA716-8B23-41B5-AA63-EDB985C4E5F0

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Cóndor-Luján, B., Azevedo, F., Hajdu, E. et al. Tropical Eastern Pacific Amphoriscidae Dendy, 1892 (Porifera: Calcarea: Calcaronea: Leucosolenida) from the Peruvian coast. Mar Biodiv 49, 1813–1830 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-019-00946-y

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Keywords

  • Amphoriscus
  • Leucilla
  • Paraleucilla
  • C-region of LSU
  • Tropical East Pacific province
  • Guayaquil ecoregion