Descriptions of two new species of Xarifia copepods (Copepoda: Xarifiidae) with a key to the known species associated with the coral family, Euphylliidae Alloiteau, 1952
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Five species of Xarifia copepods are known to live in association with the coral family, Euphylliidae Alloiteau, 1952. In this paper, three Xarifia copepods, including two new species and one species new to Taiwan, are described and redescribed, i.e., Xarifia lyudaoensis nov. sp. and Xarifia gracilipes Humes and Dojiri, 1983 living on Euphyllia glabrescens (Chamisso and Eysenhardt, 1821), and Xarifia angusta nov. sp. collected from Euphyllia ancora Veron and Pichon, 1980. The present report brings the total number of species of Xarifiidae to 95, and seven of them live in association with the coral family Euphylliidae. A comparison table and a key to the species of Xarifia from euphylliid corals are given herein.
KeywordsCoral-associated copepods Xarifiidae Scleractinian corals Euphyllia New species Taiwan
We are grateful to Ming-Jay Ho at Green Island Marine Station (GIMRS), Academia Sinica, and Pei-Chen Tsai, Wei-Chun Hsu, and Meng-Chen YU at Biodiversity Research Center (BRC), Academia Sinica, for their assistance with collection of coral samples in the field. Thanks to Dr. Chang-Feng Dai (Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University) for allowing the use of drawing tube in specimen drawings.
This study was funded by the Senior Investigator Award for Benny K.K. Chan (Academia Sinica).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Corals and copepods were used in this study. All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed by the authors.
Permits and approval of field or observational studies have been obtained by the authors.
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