Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 333–343 | Cite as

Distribution of Dibranchus species (Pisces: Ogcocephalidae) from the Eastern Central Pacific and their relationship with environmental factors

  • Edgar Cruz-Acevedo
  • Carolina Salas-Singh
  • Hugo Aguirre-VillaseñorEmail author
Original Paper


The geographic and bathymetric distribution of the genus Dibranchus throughout the Eastern Central Pacific was analyzed, using historical distribution records and results from bottom trawls undertaken from 11 research cruises performed in the Mexican Pacific (TALUD project). A total of three species were collected: Dibranchus hystrix (nine specimens, six trawls), Dibranchus spinosus (25 specimens, nine trawls) and Dibranchus spongiosa (134 specimens, 19 trawls). The greatest density of specimens was confined to 800–1200 m depth, but they were caught together in a small number of trawls (D. hystrix-D. spinosus, three trawls; D. hystrix-D. spongiosa, one trawl). This work extends the known latitudinal ranges of D. hystrix by 230 km, and of D. spongiosa by 650 km and provides the first records for D. spinosus and D. spongiosa in the Gulf of California, and for D. hystrix in the Central Gulf of California. Also, the shallowest depth and maximum sizes records of D. hystrix (865 m, 148 mm SL) and D. spongiosa (479 m, 156 mm SL) were extended. Dibranchus spongiosa inhabits the shallowest and warmer sites, almost only within the OMZ; while both, D. hystrix and D. spinosus, are able to live in a wide range of DO concentrations, mainly in the deeper and oxygenated zone. These environmental preferences could be related to their distinct geographical ranges throughout the Eastern Pacific.


Deep-sea Batfish Oxygen minimum zone Mexican Pacific Slope Environmental factors 



The authors thank Michel Hendrickx, director of the TALUD project; Felipe Amezcua, curator of the Fish Collection of the Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Unidad Académica Mazatlán; and Phillip A. Hastings, Cynthia Klepadlo, and H.J. Walker Jr. from the Marine Vertebrate Collection of Scripps Institution of Oceanography for their help in the species identification. We thank the academic staff, students, and crew of the R.V. “El Puma” who participated in the TALUD cruises. Ship time was provided by the Coordinación de la Investigación Científica, UNAM. This paper was supported by CONACyT project 179467. E.C.A. is a recipient of a PhD fellowship (CONACyT grant 366866).

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Programa de Doctorado en CienciasCentro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C.MazatlánMéxico
  2. 2.Instituto Nacional de Pesca y AcuaculturaCentro Regional de Investigación Pesquera-MazatlánMazatlánMéxico

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