Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 631–645 | Cite as

First observations of the behaviour of the deep-sea amphipod Dulichiopsis dianae sp. nov. (Senticaudata, Dulichiidae) in the TAG hydrothermal vent field (Mid-Atlantic Ridge)

Original Paper

Abstract

A “tiny and mysterious creature swinging on a stem”: that was the first observation of the new species Dulichiopsis dianae sp. nov. made during the remotely operated vehicle (ROV) dive devoted to the exploration of the surroundings of the vent site TAG (BICOSE cruise, 3550–3650 m). The viewing and analysis of the high-definition pictures from several dives (PL570, PL573 and PL575) corresponding to five different locations around TAG revealed that these organisms were amphipods, hung on erected and flexible masts (5–7 cm length) attached to the underlying hard substratum. Two specimens were opportunely sampled during dive PL575 (3637 m) with the suction sampler of the ROV and were identified as a new species ascribed to the genus Dulichiopsis (family Dulichiidae). The present study provides the morphological description of this new species, coupled with in situ observations of its behaviour and lifestyle in the vicinity of the TAG vent field. Taxonomic and ecological aspects of the family Dulichiidae are proposed here, as well as a review of the amphipod diversity in hydrothermal environments.

Keywords

Amphipoda Dulichiopsis Behaviour Hydrothermal vents Deep sea 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank all the scientific team of the BICOSE cruise (P.I. M. Cambon-Bonavita, Ifremer), especially J. Sarrazin and L. Menot from Ifremer for their help on board. Special thanks to the team of the ROV ‘Victor’. Thanks to Jørgen Olesen and Danny Eibye-Jacobsen (ZMUC, University of Copenhagen) for the loan of Dulichiopsis nordlandica specimens from the Thor expedition, to Roberta Salmaso (Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Verona) for the loan of D. nordlandica (Ledoyer’s specimens) from the W Mediterranean and to the MNHN iconographic service team (UMS-MNHN-CNRS 2700), especially to J.F. Dejouannet for his artistic reconstitution showing two specimens in a resting position on their mast. The authors gratefully acknowledge an anonymous reviewer and M. Thiel (Universidad Católica del Norte, Chile) for their constructive comments, which helped to significantly improve the quality of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Institut de Systématique, Évolution, Biodiversité ISYEB - UMR 7205 - CNRS, MNHN, UPMC, EPHEParisFrance
  2. 2.Station MarineArcachonFrance

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