Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 631–645 | Cite as

First observations of the behaviour of the deep-sea amphipod Dulichiopsis dianae sp. nov. (Senticaudata, Dulichiidae) in the TAG hydrothermal vent field (Mid-Atlantic Ridge)

  • Laure Corbari
  • Jean-Claude Sorbe
Original Paper


A “tiny and mysterious creature swinging on a stem”: that was the first observation of the new species Dulichiopsis dianae sp. nov. made during the remotely operated vehicle (ROV) dive devoted to the exploration of the surroundings of the vent site TAG (BICOSE cruise, 3550–3650 m). The viewing and analysis of the high-definition pictures from several dives (PL570, PL573 and PL575) corresponding to five different locations around TAG revealed that these organisms were amphipods, hung on erected and flexible masts (5–7 cm length) attached to the underlying hard substratum. Two specimens were opportunely sampled during dive PL575 (3637 m) with the suction sampler of the ROV and were identified as a new species ascribed to the genus Dulichiopsis (family Dulichiidae). The present study provides the morphological description of this new species, coupled with in situ observations of its behaviour and lifestyle in the vicinity of the TAG vent field. Taxonomic and ecological aspects of the family Dulichiidae are proposed here, as well as a review of the amphipod diversity in hydrothermal environments.


Amphipoda Dulichiopsis Behaviour Hydrothermal vents Deep sea 



The authors would like to thank all the scientific team of the BICOSE cruise (P.I. M. Cambon-Bonavita, Ifremer), especially J. Sarrazin and L. Menot from Ifremer for their help on board. Special thanks to the team of the ROV ‘Victor’. Thanks to Jørgen Olesen and Danny Eibye-Jacobsen (ZMUC, University of Copenhagen) for the loan of Dulichiopsis nordlandica specimens from the Thor expedition, to Roberta Salmaso (Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Verona) for the loan of D. nordlandica (Ledoyer’s specimens) from the W Mediterranean and to the MNHN iconographic service team (UMS-MNHN-CNRS 2700), especially to J.F. Dejouannet for his artistic reconstitution showing two specimens in a resting position on their mast. The authors gratefully acknowledge an anonymous reviewer and M. Thiel (Universidad Católica del Norte, Chile) for their constructive comments, which helped to significantly improve the quality of the manuscript.


  1. Agassiz A (1863) List of the echinoderms sent to different institutions in exchange for other specimens, with annotations. Bull Mus Comp Zool Harvard Univ 1:17–28Google Scholar
  2. Andres HG, Rauschert M (1990) Paradyopedos, eine neue Gattung der Podoceridae aus der Antarktis (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Gammaridea). Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut 87:171–179Google Scholar
  3. Barnard JL (1964) Some bathyal Pacific Amphipoda collected by the U.S.S. Albatross. Pac Sci 18(3):315–335Google Scholar
  4. Barnard JL, Ingram CL (1990) Lysianassoid Amphipoda (Crustacea) from deep-sea thermal vents. Smithson Contrib Zool 499:1–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bellan-Santini D (2005) Stenothoidae (Crustacea: Amphipoda) of hydrothermal vents and surroundings on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Azores Triple Junction Zone. J Nat Hist 39:3435–3452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bellan-Santini D (2006) Rhachotropis species (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Eusiridae) of hydrothermal vents and surroundings on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Azores Triple Junction zone. J Nat Hist 40:1407–1424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bellan-Santini D (2007) New amphipods of hydrothermal vent environments on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Azores Triple junction zone. J Nat Hist 41:567–596. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bellan-Santini D, Thurston MH (1996) Amphipoda of the hydrothermal vents along the mid-Atlantic Ridge. J Nat Hist 30:685–702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Boeck A (1871) Crustacea Amphipoda borealia et arctica. Forh Vidensk Selsk Cristiania 1870:83–280Google Scholar
  10. Carausu A (1941) Note sur quelques caprellides des eaux françaises et monégasques. Bull Inst Océanogr (Monaco) 803:1–15Google Scholar
  11. Copley JTP, Jorgensen PBK, Sohn RA (2007) Assessment of decadal-scale ecological change at a deep Mid-Atlantic hydrothermal vent and reproductive time-series in the shrimp Rimicaris exoculata. J Mar Biol Ass UK 87:859–867CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Copley JTP, Tyler PA, Van Dover CL, Schultz A, Dickson P, Singh S, Sulanowska M (1999) Subannual temporal variation in faunal distributions at the TAG hydrothermal mound (26°N, Mid-Atlantic Ridge). Mar Ecol 20(3-4):291–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Corbari L, Durand L, Cambon-Bonavita M-A, Gaill F, Compère P (2012) New digestive symbiosis in the hydrothermal vent amphipoda Ventiella sulfuris. C R Biologies 335:142–154CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Corbari L, Sorbe JC, Massabuau JC (2005) Video study of the caprellid amphipod Parvipalpus major: morpho-functional and behavioural adaptations to deep-sea bottoms. Mar Biol 146(2):363–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cuvelier D, Sarradin P-M, Sarrazin J, Colaço A, Copley JT, Desbruyères D, Glover AG, Santos RS, Tyler PA (2011) Hydrothermal faunal assemblages and habitat characterisation at the Eiffel Tower edifice (Lucky Strike, Mid-Atlantic Ridge). Mar Ecol 32:243–255. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dana JD (1849) Synopsis of the genera of Gammaracea. Am J Sci Arts 8:135–140Google Scholar
  17. Desbruyères D, Biscoito M, Caprais JC, Colaço A, Comtet T, Crassous P, Fouquet Y, Khripounoff A, Le Bris N, Olu K, Riso R, Sarradin PM, Segonzac M, Vangriesheim A (2001) Variations in deep-sea hydrothermal vent communities on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge near the Azores plateau. Deep Sea Res I 48:1325–1346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Desbruyères D, Laubier L (1980) Alvinella pompejana gen. sp. nov., Ampharetidae aberrant des sources hydrothermales de la ride Est-Pacifique. Oceanol Acta 3(3):267–274Google Scholar
  19. Desbruyères D, Segonzac M, Bright M (2006) Handbook of deep-sea hydrothermal vent fauna. Denisia 18:1–544Google Scholar
  20. Esposito V, Giacobbe S, Cosentino A, Minerva CS, Romeo T, Canese S, Andaloro F (2015) Distribution and ecology of the tube-dweller Ampelisca ledoyeri (Amphipoda: Ampeliscidae) associated with the hydrothermal field off Panarea Island (Tyrrhenian Sea, Mediterranean). Mar Biodiv 45:763–768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Fricke H, Giere O, Stetter K, Alfredsson GA, Kristjansson JK, Stoffers P, Svavarsson J (1989) Hydrothermal vent communities at the shallow subpolar Mid-Atlantic ridge. Mar Biol 102(425):429Google Scholar
  22. Galkin SV, Sagalevich AM (2017) Endemism and biodiversity of hydrothermal vent fauna. In: Ehrlich H (ed) Extreme biomimetics. Springer, Cham, pp 97–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gebruk AV, Galkin SV, Vereshchaka AL, Moskalev LI, Southward AJ (1997) Ecology and biogeography of the hydrothermal vent fauna of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Adv Mar Biol 32:93–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gurjanova E (1946) New species of Isopoda and Amphipoda from the Arctic Ocean (in Russian, with English summary). In Trudy drift. Exped. Icebreaker ‘G. Sedov’ 1937–40. Ed Capt. V. K. Buinitski. Izdatelstvo Glavsevmorputi, Moscow-Leningrad. Vol. 3, pp 272–297Google Scholar
  25. Hirayama A, Takeuchi I (1993) New species and new Japanese records of the Gammaridea (Crustacea: Amphipoda) from Matsukawa-ura Inlet, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Publ Seto Mar Biol Lab 36(3):141–178Google Scholar
  26. Horton T, Lowry J, De Broyer C (2016) Dulichiidae. In: Horton T, Lowry J, De Broyer C, Bellan-Santini D, Coleman CO, Daneliya M, Dauvin J-C, Fišer C, Gasca R, Grabowski M, Guerra-García JM, Hendrycks E, Holsinger J, Hughes L, Jaume D, Jazdzewski K, Just J, Kamaltynov RM, Kim Y-H, King R, Krapp-Schickel T, LeCroy S, Lörz A-N, Senna AR, Serejo C, Sket B, Tandberg AH, Thomas J, Thurston M, Vader W, Väinölä R, Vonk R, White K, Zeidler W (2017) World Amphipoda Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2017-08-10
  27. Jones ML (1981) Riftia pachyptila, new genus, new species, the vestimentiferan worm from the Galápagos Rift geothermal vents (Pogonophora). Proc Biol Soc Wash 93(4):1295–1313Google Scholar
  28. Kaartvedt S, Van Dover CL, Mullineaux LS, Wiebe PH, Bollens SM (1994) Amphipods on a deep-sea hydrothermal treadmill. Deep Sea Res I 41(1):179–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Krøyer H (1845) Karcinologiske Bidrag. Naturhist Tidsskr Ser 2 1:453–638Google Scholar
  30. Larsen K (2007) Amphipoda (Crustacea; Peracarida) from the hydrothermal vent system of the Juan De Fuca Ridge, Escabana trough and Gorda ridge, Northeast Pacific. Part I. Lysianassidae and Sebidae. Zootaxa 1445:1–26Google Scholar
  31. Larsen K, Krapp-Schickel T (2007) Amphipoda (Crustacea: Peracarida) from chemically reduced habitats; the hydrothermal vent system of the north-east Pacific. Part II. Melitidae and Eusiridae. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 87:1207–1217. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Latreille PA (1816) Amphipoda. In: Nouveau dictionnaire d’Histoire naturelle, appliquée aux Arts, à l’Agriculture, à l’Économie rurale et domestique, à la Médecine, etc. Par une société de Naturalistes et d’Agriculteurs. Vol. 1. 2nd Edition. Deterville, Paris, pp 467–469Google Scholar
  33. Laubitz DR (1977) A revision of the genera Dulichia Krøyer and Paradulichia Boeck (Amphipoda, Podoceridae). Can J Zool 55(6):942–982CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Laubitz DR (1979) Phylogenetic relationships of the Podoceridae (Amphipoda, Gammaridea). Bull Biol Soc Wash 3:144–152Google Scholar
  35. Laubitz DR (1983) A revision of the family Podoceridae (Amphipoda, Gammaridea). In: Conference on the Biology and Evolution of Crustacea, JK Lowry, ed. Australian Museum Memoir 18:77–86Google Scholar
  36. Leach WE (1814) Crustaceology. The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia 7:383–434Google Scholar
  37. Ledoyer M (1986) Faune de Madagascar. Crustacés Amphipodes Gammariens. Familles des Haustoriidae à Vitjazianidae. Éditions de l’ORSTOM 59(2):599–1112Google Scholar
  38. Lowry J, De Broyer C, Costello M, Bellan-Santini D (2010) Dulichiopsis Laubitz, 1977. In: Horton T, Lowry J, De Broyer C, Bellan-Santini D, Coleman CO, Daneliya M, Dauvin J-C, Fišer C, Gasca R, Grabowski M, Guerra-García JM, Hendrycks E, Holsinger J, Hughes L, Jaume D, Jazdzewski K, Just J, Kamaltynov RM, Kim Y-H, King R, Krapp-Schickel T, LeCroy S, Lörz A-N, Senna AR, Serejo C, Sket B, Tandberg AH, Thomas J, Thurston M, Vader W, Väinölä R, Vonk R, White K, Zeidler W (2017). World Amphipoda Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2017-01-05
  39. Lowry JK, Myers AA (2013) A phylogeny and classification of the Senticaudata subord. nov. (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Zootaxa 3610(1):1–80CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Martin JW, France SC, Van Dover CL (1993) Halice hesmonectes, a new species of pardaliscid amphipod (Crustacea, Peracarida) from hydrothermal vents in the eastern Pacific. Can J Zool 71(9):1724–1732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Martin JW, Pettit G (1998) Caprella bathytatos new species (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Caprellidae), from the mouthparts of the crab Macroregonia macrochira sakai (Brachyura, Majidae) in the vicinity of deep-sea hydrothermal vents off British Columbia. Bull Mar Sci 63(1):189–198Google Scholar
  42. Mattson S, Cedhagen T (1989) Aspects of the behaviour and ecology of Dyopedos monacanthus (Metzger) and D. porrectus Bate, with comparative notes on Dulichia tuberculata Boeck (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Podoceridae). J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 127:253–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. McCloskey LR (1970) A new species of Dulichia (Amphipoda, Podoceridae) commensal with a sea urchin. Pac Sc 24:90–98Google Scholar
  44. Metzger A (1875) V. Zoologische Ergebnisse der Nordseefahrt. X. Crustaceen aus den Ordnungen. Edriophthalmata und Podophthalmata. Dtsch. Meere Jahresber, pp 277–310Google Scholar
  45. Meyer-Rochow VB, Stephan H, Moro SD (1991) Morphological and anatomical observations on the hairy eyes of males and females of the marine amphipod Dulichia porrecta (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Podoceridae). Ital J Zool 58(1):59–69Google Scholar
  46. Mironov AN, Gebruk AV, Moskalev LI (2002) Biogeography of hydrothermal vent communities and obligate hydrothermal taxa. In: Gebruk AV (ed) Biology of hydrothermal systems. KMK Scientific Press Ltd., Moscow, pp 410–455Google Scholar
  47. Moore PG, Earll R (1985) Sediment “whips”: amphipod artefacts from the rocky sublittoral in Britain. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 90(2):165–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Myers AA, Cunha MR (2004) New and little known corophiidean amphipods from the ‘Lucky Strike’ hydrothermal vent, Mid-Atlantic Ridge. J Mar Biol Ass UK 84:1019–1025CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Myers AA, Lowry JK (2003) A phylogeny and a new classification of the Corophiidea Leach, 1814 (Amphipoda). J Crust Biol 23:443–485CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Rauschert M (1988) Gammaridea (Crustacea, Amphipoda) aus der Ktistenregion von King George (Siid-Shetland-Inseln) Podoceridae. Mitt Zool Mus Berl 64(2):299–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Rauschert M (1990) Pseudodulichia, eine neue Gattung der Podoceridae aus der Antarktis (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Gammaridea). Zoosyst Evol 66(2):371–374Google Scholar
  52. Rona PA, Klinkhammer G, Nelsen TA, Trefry JH, Elderfield H (1986) Black smokers, massive sulphides and vent biota at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Nature 321:33–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Sars GO (1879) Crustacea et Pycnogonida nova in itinere 2do et 3tio expeditionis Norvegicae anno 1877 & 78 collecta. (Prodromus descriptionis). Arch Math Naturvidensk 4:427–476Google Scholar
  54. Sars GO (1895) Amphipoda. An account of the Crustacea of Norway. Alb. Cammermeyers Forlag, 711 pp, 240 plsGoogle Scholar
  55. Shaw P (1989) New amphipods from geothermal vent sites off the west coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, with a reappraisal of the amphipod family Sebidae. Can J Zool 67:1882–1890CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Sheader M, Van Dover CL, Shank TM (2000) Structure and function of Halice hesmonectes (Amphipoda: Pardaliscidae) swarms from hydrothermal vents in the eastern Pacific. Mar Biol 136:901–911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Sheader M, Van Dover CL, Thurston MH (2004) Reproductive ecology of Bouvierella curtirama (Amphipoda: Eusiridae) from chemically distinct vents in the Lucky Strike vent field, Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Mar Biol 144:503–514. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Spence Bate C (1857a) A synopsis of the British edriophthalmous Crustacea. Ann Mag Nat Hist Ser 2 19:135–152Google Scholar
  59. Spence Bate C (1857b) British Amphipoda. Ann Mag Nat Hist Ser 2 19:271Google Scholar
  60. Stephensen K (1944) Crustacea Malacostraca VIII: Amphipoda IV. Danish Ingolf-Exped 3(13):1–51Google Scholar
  61. Tandberg AH, Rapp HT, Schander C, Vader W, Sweetman AK, Berge J (2012) Exitomelita sigynae gen. et sp. nov.: a new amphipod from the Arctic Loki Castle vent field with potential gill ectosymbionts. Polar Biol 35:705–716. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Tarasov VG, Gebruk AV, Mironov AN, Moskalev LI (2005) Deep-sea and shallow-water hydrothermal vent communities: two different phenomena? Chem Geol 224:5–39. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Thiel M (1997) Reproductive biology of an epibenthic amphipod (Dyopedos monacanthus) with extended parental care. J Mar Biol Ass UK 77:1059–1072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Thiel M (1998) Population biology of Dyopedos monacanthus (Crustacea: Amphipoda) on estuarine soft-bottoms: importance of extended parental care and pelagic movements. Mar Biol 132:209–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Tunnicliffe V (1991) The biology of hydrothermal vents: ecology and evolution. Oceanogr Mar Biol Ann Rev 29:319–407Google Scholar
  66. Vinogradov GM (1993) Amphipods (Crustacea) from hydrothermal vents of the eastern Pacific. Zool Zh 72(2):40–53Google Scholar
  67. Vinogradov GM (1995) Amphipods from hydrothermal vents and cold seepings on the ocean bottom. Oceanology of the Russian Academy of Sciences 35(1):69–74Google Scholar
  68. Williams AB, Rona PA (1986) Two new caridean shrimps (Bresiliidae) from a hydrothermal field on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. J Crust Biol 6(3):446–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Wolff T (2005) Composition and endemism of the deep-sea hydrothermal vent fauna. Cah Biol Mar 46(2):97–104Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Institut de Systématique, Évolution, Biodiversité ISYEB - UMR 7205 - CNRS, MNHN, UPMC, EPHEParisFrance
  2. 2.Station MarineArcachonFrance

Personalised recommendations