Review of Carangoides (Perciformes: Carangidae) from the Red Sea, with a new record of Imposter Trevally Carangoides talamparoides Bleeker, 1852


Ten species of Carangoides from the Red Sea are reviewed. Imposter Trevally, Carangoides talamparoides Bleeker, is reported from the Red Sea for the first time on the basis of four small specimens and three adults trawled off Jizan, southern Saudi Arabia. Previously known from the Gulf of Oman east to Guam, its distribution range is extended to the Red Sea. Carangoides talamparoides superficially resembles C. malabaricus and may be easily confused, but it differs generally in lower gill raker counts, 25–31 (vs. 32–38), longer snout, the length 10.0–13.6% fork length in adults (vs. snout shorter, 8.5–10.8% fork length in adults); and premaxilla with slightly concave anterodorsal margin laterally (vs. premaxilla with distinctly concave margin laterally); greenish yellow blotch dorsoposteriorly on orbit membrane (vs. no blotch on orbit membrane); and white tongue (vs. tongue mainly dark). Description is provided for Red Sea specimens of Carangoides talamparoides and brief accounts for nine other Red Sea congeners. A key and table are also provided to help distinguish Red Sea Carangoides species, and a molecular phylogenetic analysis of the COI barcoding region is presented for all available Red Sea species and other Indo-Pacific species of the genus Carangoides.

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Susanne Dorow and Jennifer Steppler are gratefully thanked for technical assistance at SMF and thanks are also due to Matthias Juhas and Stephanie Simon (SMF) for assisting in molecular genetic analyses. We further acknowledge the Grunelius-Möllgaard Laboratory at SMF for lab support. We thank Sven Tränkner (SMF), Laith Jawad, Dadid Darom, Andrey Ryanksiy, Andrey Golubev, and J.E. Randall for providing photographs and permission for reproduction herein. The scientific research cooperation between King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Faculty of Marine Sciences (FMS), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and the Senckenberg Research Institute (SRI), Frankfurt, Germany, in the framework of the Red Sea Biodiversity Project, during which the present material was collected, was funded by KAU GRANT NO. “I/1/432-DSR”. The authors acknowledge, with thanks, KAU and SRI for technical and financial support as well as Ali Al-Aidaroos, Mohsen Al Sofiyani (KAU) and Fareed Krupp (SRI and Qatar Natural History Museum, Doha) for their help in the realization of the present study.

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Correspondence to Sergey V. Bogorodsky.

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Other material examined

(Saudi Arabia, off Jizan): Ulua mentalis. KAUMM 431 [KAU14-295] (1, 108.5 mm); SMF 35858 [KAU14-548] (1, 122.5 mm); SMF 35859 [KAU14-463] (1, 139.5 mm).

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Bogorodsky, S.V., Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Mal, A.O. et al. Review of Carangoides (Perciformes: Carangidae) from the Red Sea, with a new record of Imposter Trevally Carangoides talamparoides Bleeker, 1852. Mar Biodiv 47, 1251–1271 (2017).

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  • Carangid fishes
  • Species diversity
  • Red Sea
  • DNA barcoding