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Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 469–480 | Cite as

An updated overview of the marine alien and cryptogenic species from the Egadi Islands Marine Protected Area (Italy)

  • Anna Maria Mannino
  • Manfredi Parasporo
  • Fabio Crocetta
  • Paolo Balistreri
Original Paper

Abstract

An updated overview of the marine alien and cryptogenic species recorded in the Egadi Islands Marine Protected Area (Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy), based on relevant publications, grey literature and unpublished data, is presented and discussed. Altogether, 17 species (14 aliens and 3 cryptogenic) belonging to five taxa are present in the area: Rhodophyta (Antithamnionella elegans, Asparagopsis armata, Asparagopsis taxiformis, Bonnemaisonia hamifera, Botryocladia madagascariensis, Ceramium strobiliforme, Laurencia caduciramulosa, Lophocladia lallemandii, Neosiphonia harveyi, Womersleyella setacea), Chlorophyta (Caulerpa cylindracea and Caulerpa taxifolia), Mollusca (Aplysia dactylomela), Arthropoda (Percnon gibbesi) and Cordata (Fistularia commersonii, Kyphosus vaigiensis and Stephanolepis diaspros). The overall Mediterranean presence of one further taxon recorded from the area, Zygochlamys patagonica (Mollusca), is here confuted since recent findings of living specimens with certain data are missing. One loose valve of “Pinctada imbricata radiata (Mollusca)” was found in 2010 at Favignana, but we did not include it in the list of alien species, pending further finding of living or dead specimens. Unpublished distributional data are reported for some of these species, and their known distribution in the Aegadian Archipelago is mapped. Records of P. gibbesi (a conspicuous number of specimens) constitute the first for the archipelago. All the species included in the present paper were recorded after the Egadi Islands Marine Protected Area was established, with the first record dating back to 2000. This is presumably due to the recent increase in research programs on marine reserves. Finally, we provide the establishment status of all the recorded species updated to 2015, and discuss why unaided spread (whether alien or native) and/or transport-stowaway constitute the more plausible vectors of introduction.

Keywords

Egadi Islands Marine Protected Area Italy Mediterranean Sea Review Marine alien and cryptogenic species 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Ernesto Azzurro, Luca Castriota, Stefano Melchioni, Gabriele Sercia, Vito Vaccaro and Bruno Zava for providing photos, information and records. They also thank Dr. Elisabetta Oddo for improving the English text. The study of the alien species from Italy was partially funded by the East and South European Network for Invasive Alien Species—a tool to support the management of alien species in Bulgaria (ESENIAS-TOOLS) (EEA funded: Contract No. Д-33-51/30.06.2015) (FC).

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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Maria Mannino
    • 1
  • Manfredi Parasporo
    • 2
  • Fabio Crocetta
    • 3
  • Paolo Balistreri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies, Section of Botany and Plant EcologyUniversity of PalermoPalermoItaly
  2. 2.FavignanaItaly
  3. 3.Hellenic Centre for Marine ResearchInstitute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland WatersAnavyssosGreece

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