First record of the sea anemone Anthopleura mariscali outside the Galápagos Archipelago

Abstract

The sea anemone Anthopleura mariscali Daly and Fautin 2004 is described as an endemic species of the Galápagos Archipelago. Its authors suggested that it may have been overlooked elsewhere because of its small size and because it is usually found inside cracks and crevices. This report presents the first record of A. mariscali outside its type locality. Eight specimens were collected from a rocky promontory in Playa Agujas, Puntarenas, on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Analyses of their cnida composition are presented along with images of some live sea anemones.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  1. Acuña FH, Alvarado J, Garese A, Cortés J (2012) First record of the sea anemone Anthopleura nigrescens (Cnidaria: Actiniaria: Actiniidae) on the Pacific coast of Central America. Mar Biodivers Rec 5:5–7

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Acuña FH, Garese A, Excoffon AC, Cortés J (2013) New records of sea anemones (Cnidaria : Anthozoa) from Costa Rica. Rev Biol Mar Oceanogr 48:177–184

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Daly M (2004) Anatomy and taxonomy of three species of sea anemones (Cnidaria: Athozoa: Atiniidae) from the Gulf of California, including Isoaulactinia hespervolita Daly, n. sp. Pac Sci 58:377–390

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Daly M, Fautin DG (2004) Anthopleura mariscali, a new species of sea anemone (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria) from the Galápagos Islands. Zootaxa 416:1–8

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Daly M, Brugler MR, Cartwright P, Collins AG, Dawson MN, Fautin DG, France SC, McFadden C, Opresko DM, Rodriguez E, Romano SL (2007) The phylum Cnidaria: a review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus. Zootaxa 1668:127–182

    Google Scholar 

  6. England K (1991) Nematocysts of sea anemones (Actiniaria, Ceriantharia and Corallimorpharia: Cnidaria): nomenclature. Hydrobiologia 216(217):691–697

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Fautin DG (2013) Hexacorallians of the world. http://geoportal.kgs.ku.edu/hexacoral/anemone2/index.cfm. Accessed 12/02/2015

  8. Fautin DG, Hickman CP, Daly M, Molodtsova T (2007) Shallow-water sea anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria) and tube anemones (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Ceriantharia) of the Galápagos Islands. Pac Sci 61:549–573

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Fautin DG, Malarky L, Soberón J (2013) Latitudinal diversity of sea anemones (Cnidaria: Actiniaria). Biol Bull 224:89–98

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Häussermann V (2004) Identification and taxonomy of soft-bodied hexacorals exemplified by Chilean sea anemones; including guidelines for sampling, preservation and examination. J Mar Biol Assoc UK 84:931–936

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Hickman CP (2008) A field guide to corals and other radiates of Galápagos. Sugar Spring, Lexington

    Google Scholar 

  12. Quesada AJ, Acuña FH, Cortés J (2015) First record of the sea anemone Bunodosoma californicum (Cnidaria: Actiniaria) on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Mar Biodivers Rec 8:e71

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Yanagi K (1999) Taxonomy and developmental biology of Japanese Anthopleura (Anthozoa: Actiniaria). PhD Dissertation. Tokyo University of Fisheries, Tokyo, Japan

Download references

Acknowledgments

We thank the Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología (CIMAR), Universidad de Costa Rica and Shannon Point Marine Center, Western Washington University for providing the equipment necessary for this study. We thank Brian Bingham for reviewing the manuscript. We also thank two anonymous reviewers and the journal editor for their valuable comments.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Andrés J. Quesada.

Additional information

Communicated by B. W. Hoeksema

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Quesada, A.J., Acuña, F.H. & Cortés, J. First record of the sea anemone Anthopleura mariscali outside the Galápagos Archipelago. Mar Biodiv 47, 225–228 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-016-0445-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Actiniidae
  • Central America
  • Costa Rica
  • Pacific coast
  • Sea anemone