Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 759–774 | Cite as

Integration of Remote Sensing & GIS to Manage the Sustainable Development in the Nile Valley Desert Fringes of Assiut-Sohag Governorates, Upper Egypt

  • Mostafa kamelEmail author
  • El Sayed M. Abu El Ella
Research Article


The growing population and the need for improving the living conditions of Egyptian community have resulted in the establishment of new urban areas, industrial zones, land reclamation, and different types of developmental projects. In the Nile Valley, the only available areas for carrying out such activities are the desert fringes surrounding the floodplain on both sides of the Nile Valley. This study examines the use of image processing mapping to landuse and land cover changes for the desert fringes along the Nile Valley between Assiut-Sohag area between 1984 and 2013 (satellite images). The layers of landuse map were digitized by heads-up digitization method in GIS environment. Similarly the layers of landuse map (2013) were generated by supervised classification of satellite imagery. The training site was created by referring landsat7 ETM+ and Landsat 8 satellite imagery with help of GPS (Global Positioning System) coordinates in GIS environment. Supervised classification technique was adopted to classify the satellite image in GIS (Geographic Information System) software environment. The classified image was converted into vector format and estimated the total area of each class by using geometry tools of GIS software. The landuse changes between 1984, 2000 and 2013 were compared and displayed in geographical or map format in 1:100000 scale. Also, this paper describes a study that was carried out to perform supervised and unsupervised techniques on remote sensing data for land cover classification and to evaluate the accuracy result of both classification techniques. The land cover classes for the study area were classified into 5 themes. Ground verification was carried out to check and assess the accuracy of classification based on Google Earth pro. A total of 72 sample points were collected using Systematic Random Sampling. The results showed that the overall accuracy for the supervised classification was 95.8 % where Kappa statistics was 0.78.


Satellite image Landuse Supervised and unsupervised classifications Accuracy assessment RS & GIS Nile valley 


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Copyright information

© Indian Society of Remote Sensing 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geology Department, Faculty of ScienceAl Azhar UniversityAssiut BranchEgypt
  2. 2.Geology Department, Faculty of SciencesAssiut UniversityAssiutEgypt

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